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George Washington

Geburtstag: 22. Februar 1732
Todesdatum: 14. Dezember 1799

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George Washington [ˈwɒʃɪŋtən] war von 1789 bis 1797 der erste Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika.

Als Oberbefehlshaber der Kontinentalarmee von 1775 bis 1783 war er einer der Gründerväter der USA und leitete als Vorsitzender die verfassunggebende Philadelphia Convention im Jahr 1787. Während seiner Präsidentschaft traf Washington wegweisende Entscheidungen, die die Entwicklung der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika als republikanische Demokratie bis heute prägen. Er wirkte vor allem auf eine gegenüber den Einzelstaaten und dem Kongress handlungsfähige Zentralgewalt hin und bildete das neu geschaffene Amt bewusst aus, indem er Präzedenzfälle schuf.

Washington wurde zur Zweihundertjahrfeier der Vereinigten Staaten am 11. Oktober 1976 postum „für die Vergangenheit und die Gegenwart“ der höchste Dienstgrad eines General of the Armies of the United States verliehen.

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Zitate George Washington

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„Es ist besser alleine zu sein als in einer schlechten Gesellschaft.“

—  George Washington

Original: It is better to be alone than in bad company.
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„Lasst mich Euch nochmals auf das eindringlichste vor den verderblichen Wirkungen der Parteien warnen.“

—  George Washington
Abschiedsbotschaft, 1796, zitiert nach: Avalon Project, Washington's Farewell Address 1796

„Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party, generally.“

—  George Washington
Context: I have already intimated to you the danger of parties in the state, with particular reference to the founding of them on geographical discriminations. Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party, generally.

„Of all the dispositions and habits, which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports.“

—  George Washington
Context: Of all the dispositions and habits, which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of Patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of Men and Citizens. The mere Politician, equally with the pious man, ought to respect and to cherish them. A volume could not trace all their connexions with private and public felicity. The Internet document known as "History Forgotten" or "Forsaken Roots" misquotes the opening of this section as follows: "It is impossible to govern the world without God and the Bible. Of all the dispositions and habits that lead to political prosperity, our religion and morality are the indispensable supports."

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„The unfortunate condition of the persons, whose labour in part I employed, has been the only unavoidable subject of regret.“

—  George Washington
Context: The unfortunate condition of the persons, whose labour in part I employed, has been the only unavoidable subject of regret. To make the Adults among them as easy & as comfortable in their circumstances as their actual state of ignorance & improvidence would admit; & to lay a foundation to prepare the rising generation for a destiny different from that in which they were born; afforded some satisfaction to my mind, & could not I hoped be displeasing to the justice of the Creator. Comment of late 1788 or early 1789 upon his slaves http://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/slavery/the-only-unavoidable-subject-of-regret/, as recorded by David Humphreys, in his notebooks on his conversations with Washington, now in the Rosenbach Library in Philadelphia<!-- as quoted in "Housing and Family Life of the Mount Vernon Negro," unpublished paper by Charles C. Wall, prepared for the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association (May 1962), prefatory note]. -->

„We have abundant reason to rejoice, that, in this land, the light of truth and reason has triumphed over the power of bigotry and superstition, and that every person may here worship God according to the dictates of his own heart.“

—  George Washington
Context: We have abundant reason to rejoice, that, in this land, the light of truth and reason has triumphed over the power of bigotry and superstition, and that every person may here worship God according to the dictates of his own heart. In this enlightened age, & in this land of equal liberty, it is our boast, that a man's religious tenets will not forfeit the protection of the laws, nor deprive him of the right of attaining & holding the highest offices that are known in the United States. Your prayers for my present and future felicity are received with gratitude; and I sincerely wish, Gentlemen, that you may in your social and individual capacities taste those blessings, which a gracious God bestows upon the righteous. Letter to the members http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=mgw2&fileName=gwpage039.db&recNum=111 of The New Church in Baltimore (22 January 1793), published in The Writings Of George Washington (1835) by Jared Sparks, p. 201

„I have the consolation to believe, that, while choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it.“

—  George Washington
Context: Every day the increasing weight of years admonishes me more and more, that the shade of retirement is as necessary to me as it will be welcome. Satisfied, that, if any circumstances have given peculiar value to my services, they were temporary, I have the consolation to believe, that, while choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it.

„So far as I am acquainted with the principles & Doctrines of Free Masonry, I conceive it to be founded in benevolence and to be exercised only for the good of mankind.“

—  George Washington
Context: So far as I am acquainted with the principles & Doctrines of Free Masonry, I conceive it to be founded in benevolence and to be exercised only for the good of mankind. If it has been a Cloak to promote improper or nefarious objects, it is a melancholly proof that in unworthy hands, the best institutions may be made use of to promote the worst designs. Draft of a letter to the Grand Lodge of Free Masons of the State of Maryland (8 November 1798) http://memory.loc.gov/mss/mgw/mgw4/113/0400/0495.jpg

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