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Charlie Chaplin

Geburtstag:16. April 1889
Todesdatum:25. Dezember 1977
Andere Namen:Charles Spencer Chaplin,Sir Charlie Chaplin

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin jr., KBE, bekannt als Charlie Chaplin , war ein britischer Komiker, Schauspieler, Regisseur, Drehbuchautor, Schnittmeister, Komponist und Filmproduzent.

Chaplin zählt zu den einflussreichsten Komikern des 20. Jahrhunderts in der Filmgeschichte. Seine bekannteste Rolle ist der „Tramp“. Die von ihm erfundene Figur mit Zweifingerschnurrbart , übergroßer Hose und Schuhen, enger Jacke, Bambusstock in der Hand und Melone auf dem Kopf, mit den Manieren und der Würde eines Gentleman, wurde zu einer Filmikone. Charakteristisch für seine Filme wurde die enge Verbindung zwischen Slapstick-Komödie und ernsten bis tragischen Elementen. Das American Film Institute wählte Chaplin auf Platz 10 der größten amerikanischen Filmlegenden.

Künstlerisch begann er seine Karriere schon als Kind bei Auftritten in der Music Hall. Als Komiker in den frühen Stummfilmkomödien feierte er bald große Erfolge. Als beliebtester Stummfilmkomiker seiner Zeit erarbeitete er sich künstlerische und finanzielle Unabhängigkeit. 1919 gründete er zusammen mit Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks und David Wark Griffith die Filmgesellschaft United Artists. Charlie Chaplin gehörte zu den Gründervätern der US-amerikanischen Filmindustrie – der sogenannten Traumfabrik Hollywood. Der Nähe zum Kommunismus verdächtigt, wurde ihm nach einem Auslandsaufenthalt 1952 während der McCarthy-Ära die unmittelbare Rückkehr in die USA verweigert. Er setzte in Europa seine Arbeit als Schauspieler und Regisseur fort. 1972 nahm er seinen zweiten Ehrenoscar entgegen: Den ersten hatte er 1929 für sein Wirken in dem Film Der Zirkus erhalten, den zweiten erhielt er für sein Lebenswerk. 1973 erhielt er den ersten „echten“ Oscar für die beste Filmmusik zu Rampenlicht .

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Charlie Chaplin111
British comic actor and filmmaker
„I'm sorry, but I don't want to be an emperor. That's not my business. I don't want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone if possible; Jew, Gentile, black man, white. We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each other's happiness, not by each other's misery. We don't want to hate and despise one another. In this world there is room for everyone, and the good earth is rich and can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful, but we have lost the way. Greed has poisoned men's souls, has barricaded the world with hate, has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed. We have developed speed, but we have shut ourselves in. Machinery that gives abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us cynical; our cleverness, hard and unkind. We think too much and feel too little. More than machinery, we need humanity. More than cleverness, we need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be violent and all will be lost. The airplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in men; cries out for universal brotherhood; for the unity of us all. Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world, millions of despairing men, women, and little children, victims of a system that makes men torture and imprison innocent people. To those who can hear me, I say, do not despair. The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed, the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress. The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish. Soldiers! Don't give yourselves to brutes, men who despise you, enslave you; who regiment your lives, tell you what to do, what to think and what to feel! Who drill you, diet you, treat you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder. Don't give yourselves to these unnatural men - machine men with machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines, you are not cattle, you are men! You have the love of humanity in your hearts! You don't hate! Only the unloved hate; the unloved and the unnatural. Soldiers! Don't fight for slavery! Fight for liberty! In the seventeenth chapter of St. Luke, it is written that the kingdom of God is within man, not one man nor a group of men, but in all men! In you! You, the people, have the power, the power to create machines, the power to create happiness! You, the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure. Then in the name of democracy, let us use that power. Let us all unite. Let us fight for a new world, a decent world that will give men a chance to work, that will give youth a future and old age a security. By the promise of these things, brutes have risen to power. But they lie! They do not fulfill that promise. They never will! Dictators free themselves but they enslave the people. Now let us fight to fulfill that promise. Let us fight to free the world! To do away with national barriers! To do away with greed, with hate and intolerance! Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science and progress will lead to all men's happiness. Soldiers, in the name of democracy, let us all unite!“

Charlie Chaplin Foto
Charlie Chaplin111
British comic actor and filmmaker
„As I began to love myself I found that anguish and emotional suffering are only warning signs that I was living against my own truth. Today, I know, this is “AUTHENTICITY”.

As I began to love myself I understood how much it can offend somebody if I try to force my desires on this person, even though I knew the time was not right and the person was not ready for it, and even though this person was me. Today I call it “RESPECT”.

As I began to love myself I stopped craving for a different life, and I could see that everything that surrounded me was inviting me to grow. Today I call it “MATURITY”.

As I began to love myself I understood that at any circumstance, I am in the right place at the right time, and everything happens at the exactly right moment. So I could be calm. Today I call it “SELF-CONFIDENCE”.

As I began to love myself I quit stealing my own time, and I stopped designing huge projects for the future. Today, I only do what brings me joy and happiness, things I love to do and that make my heart cheer, and I do them in my own way and in my own rhythm. Today I call it “SIMPLICITY”.

As I began to love myself I freed myself of anything that is no good for my health – food, people, things, situations, and everything that drew me down and away from myself. At first I called this attitude a healthy egoism. Today I know it is “LOVE OF ONESELF”.

As I began to love myself I quit trying to always be right, and ever since I was wrong less of the time. Today I discovered that is “MODESTY”.

As I began to love myself I refused to go on living in the past and worrying about the future. Now, I only live for the moment, where everything is happening. Today I live each day, day by day, and I call it “FULFILLMENT”.

As I began to love myself I recognized that my mind can disturb me and it can make me sick. But as I connected it to my heart, my mind became a valuable ally. Today I call this connection “WISDOM OF THE HEART”.

We no longer need to fear arguments, confrontations or any kind of problems with ourselves or others. Even stars collide, and out of their crashing new worlds are born. Today I know “THAT IS LIFE”!“

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