Zitate von Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foto
7   0

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Geburtstag: 30. Januar 1882
Todesdatum: 12. April 1945
Andere Namen: Франклин Рузвельт

Franklin Delano Roosevelt [ˈfɹæŋklɪn ˈdɛlənoʊ ˈɹoʊzəvɛlt] , oft mit seinen Initialen FDR abgekürzt, war von 1933 bis zu seinem Tod 1945 der 32. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Er gehörte der Demokratischen Partei an.

Roosevelt entstammte einer bekannten und wohlhabenden Familie aus dem Bundesstaat New York. Er studierte Rechtswissenschaften und begann 1910 seine politische Karriere als Mitglied des Senats von New York. In der Regierung von Präsident Woodrow Wilson war er zwischen 1913 und 1921 Staatssekretär im Marineministerium. Nach einer gescheiterten Kandidatur für das Amt des US-Vizepräsidenten im Jahr 1920 musste er im folgenden Jahr einen schweren persönlichen Schicksalsschlag hinnehmen, als er an Kinderlähmung erkrankte. Obwohl er daraufhin kaum selbstständig gehen konnte, nahm er 1928 seine politische Karriere wieder auf und kandidierte erfolgreich als Gouverneur von New York. Dieses Amt übte er von 1929 bis 1932 aus und konnte dort wichtige Reformen zur Bekämpfung der Great Depression umsetzen.

Als Präsidentschaftskandidat seiner Partei bei der Wahl von 1932 konnte er Amtsinhaber Herbert Hoover besiegen. Nach seiner ersten Amtszeit wurde er 1936, 1940 und 1944 wiedergewählt – er ist damit der einzige US-Präsident, der länger als zwei Wahlperioden regierte. Seine Präsidentschaft ist durch innenpolitische Reformen unter dem Schlagwort New Deal zur Bekämpfung der Weltwirtschaftskrise geprägt. Seine Politik setzte die Leitlinie zum regulierenden Eingreifen der amerikanischen Regierung ins wirtschaftliche Geschehen, um bestimmte, im allgemeinen Interesse bestehende Ziele durchzusetzen. Zudem brachten die Einführung der Sozialversicherung und eines bundesweiten Mindestlohns nachhaltige Veränderungen im Sozialwesen des Landes mit sich.

Das bedeutendste außenpolitische Ereignis war der Eintritt der Vereinigten Staaten in den Zweiten Weltkrieg nach dem japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor im Dezember 1941. Roosevelt widmete sich trotz der politischen und gesellschaftlichen Gegensätze zur Sowjetunion aktiv dem Aufbau der Anti-Hitler-Koalition und hatte entscheidenden Anteil an der Definition der alliierten Kriegsziele gegen die Achsenmächte. Unter seiner Führung erfuhr die bis dato überwiegend isolationistische US-Außenpolitik eine neue Ausrichtung hin zum Internationalismus. Mit seiner Politik versuchte Roosevelt, anstelle eines Nationalismus dem Gedanken der globalen Abhängigkeit aller von allen Geltung zu verschaffen. Ausdruck wurde dem durch die Gründung der Vereinten Nationen 1945 verliehen, die der Präsident maßgeblich vorangetrieben hatte. Roosevelt erlebte jedoch das Kriegsende in Europa sowie die Kapitulation Japans nicht mehr. Nur wenige Wochen vor der bedingungslosen Kapitulation der deutschen Wehrmacht starb der gesundheitlich angeschlagene Präsident im April 1945 an einer Hirnblutung. Die Nachfolge als Präsident trat sein Stellvertreter Harry S. Truman an.

Roosevelt ging als einer der prägendsten Präsidenten in die amerikanische Geschichte ein und gehört zu den bedeutendsten Staatsmännern des 20. Jahrhunderts. In Umfragen unter Historikern und der US-Bevölkerung belegt er stets einen der ersten drei Plätze der besten US-Präsidenten . Sowohl seine progressive Reformpolitik des New Deal, verbunden mit seinem als charismatisch empfundenen Auftreten, das Zuversicht und Optimismus in der Bevölkerung gegen die Weltwirtschaftskrise weckte, als auch sein Agieren als politischer Führer im Zweiten Weltkrieg werden sehr positiv bewertet.

Zitate Franklin Delano Roosevelt

„Die Freiheit einer Demokratie ist nicht sicher, wenn die Menschen das Wachstum privater Macht bis zu dem Punkt tolerieren, da sie stärker wird als der demokratische Staat selbst.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Zitiert in Sahra Wagenknecht, Freiheit statt Kapitalismus, Campus Verlag, Erweiterte Auflage 2012, S. 189
(Original engl.: "... the liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic State itself." - Message to Congress on Curbing Monopolies. April 29, 1938. The American Presidency Project http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=15637

„Vom organisierten Geld regiert zu werden, ist genauso schlimm, wie vom organisierten Verbrechen regiert zu werden.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Ansprache im Madison Square Garden, New York City, 31. Oktober 1936. Zitiert in einer Rede http://www.linksfraktion.de/reden/vom-organisierten-geld-regiert-werden-schlimm-wie-organisierten-verbrechen/ von Sahra Wagenknecht in der Bundestagsdebatte am 26.01.2012 über das Finanzmarktstabilisierungsgesetz
Original engl.: "We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob." - Address at Madison Square Garden, New York City, October 31, 1936. The American Presidency Project http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=15219

„Unternehmen, deren Existenz lediglich davon abhängt, ihren Beschäftigten weniger als einen zum Leben ausreichenden Lohn zu zahlen, sollen in diesem Land kein Recht mehr haben, weiter ihre Geschäfte zu betreiben. (…) Mit einem zum Leben ausreichenden Lohn meine ich mehr als das bloße Existenzminimum – ich meine Löhne, die ein anständiges Leben ermöglichen.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Original engl.: "no business which depends for existence on paying less than living wages to its workers has any right to continue in this country ... and by living wages I mean more than a bare subsistence level - I mean the wages of decent living." - Statement on the National Industrial Recovery Act, June 16, 1933. Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/ODNIRAST.HTML

„Das Einzige, was wir zu fürchten haben, ist die Furcht selbst.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Antrittsrede, 4. März 1933
Original engl.: "[..] the only thing we have to fear is fear itself [..]"

„Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Address at Madison Square Garden (1936)
Kontext: We had to struggle with the old enemies of peace — business and financial monopoly, speculation, reckless banking, class antagonism, sectionalism, war profiteering. They had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob. Never before in all our history have these forces been so united against one candidate as they stand today. They are unanimous in their hate for me — and I welcome their hatred.

„That superiority has gone — forever.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

(British Pathé newsreel · They're Going To Get It - Roosevelt (1943) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_V6tL6QRQs)
1940s, State of the Union Address (1943)
Kontext: I cannot tell you when or where the United Nations are going to strike next in Europe. But we are going to strike — and strike hard. I cannot tell you whether we are going to hit them in Norway, or through the Low Countries, or in France, or through Sardinia or Sicily, or through the Balkans, or through Poland — or at several points simultaneously. But I can tell you that no matter where and when we strike by land, we and the British and the Russians will hit them from the air heavily and relentlessly. Day in and day out we shall heap tons upon tons of high explosives on their war factories and utilities and seaports.
Hitler and Mussolini will understand now the enormity of their miscalculations — that the Nazis would always have the advantage of superior air power as they did when they bombed Warsaw, and Rotterdam, and London and Coventry. That superiority has gone — forever.
Yes, we believe that the Nazis and the Fascists have asked for it — and they are going to get it.

„They are unanimous in their hate for me — and I welcome their hatred.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Address at Madison Square Garden (1936)
Kontext: We had to struggle with the old enemies of peace — business and financial monopoly, speculation, reckless banking, class antagonism, sectionalism, war profiteering. They had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob. Never before in all our history have these forces been so united against one candidate as they stand today. They are unanimous in their hate for me — and I welcome their hatred.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Throughout the world, change is the order of the day.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, State of the Union Address (1935)
Kontext: Throughout the world, change is the order of the day. In every Nation economic problems, long in the making, have brought crises of many kinds for which the masters of old practice and theory were unprepared. In most Nations social justice, no longer a distant ideal, has become a definite goal, and ancient Governments are beginning to heed the call.
Thus, the American people do not stand alone in the world in their desire for change. We seek it through tested liberal traditions, through processes which retain all of the deep essentials of that republican form of representative government first given to a troubled world by the United States.

„I am that kind of conservative because I am that kind of liberal.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

Roosevelt here slightly misquotes Thomas Babington Macaulay, who in a speech on parliamentary reform (2 March 1831) asserted: "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us, Reform, that you may preserve."
1930s, Address at the Democratic State Convention, Syracuse, New York (1936)
Kontext: The true conservative seeks to protect the system of private property and free enterprise by correcting such injustices and inequalities as arise from it. The most serious threat to our institutions comes from those who refuse to face the need for change. Liberalism becomes the protection for the far-sighted conservative.
Never has a Nation made greater strides in the safeguarding of democracy than we have made during the past three years. Wise and prudent men — intelligent conservatives — have long known that in a changing world worthy institutions can be conserved only by adjusting them to the changing time. In the words of the great essayist, "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us. Reform if you would preserve." I am that kind of conservative because I am that kind of liberal.

„If civilization is to survive, the principles of the Prince of Peace must be restored. Shattered trust between nations must be revived. Most important of all, the will for peace on the part of peace-loving nations must express itself to the end that nations that may be tempted to violate their agreements and the rights of others will desist from such a cause. There must be positive endeavors to preserve peace.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Quarantine Speech (1937)
Kontext: If civilization is to survive, the principles of the Prince of Peace must be restored. Shattered trust between nations must be revived. Most important of all, the will for peace on the part of peace-loving nations must express itself to the end that nations that may be tempted to violate their agreements and the rights of others will desist from such a cause. There must be positive endeavors to preserve peace. America hates war. America hopes for peace. Therefore, America actively engages in the search for peace.

„Great accumulations of wealth cannot be justified on the basis of personal and family security. In the last analysis such accumulations amount to the perpetuation of great and undesirable concentration of control in a relatively few individuals over the employment and welfare of many, many others.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Message to Congress on Tax Revision (1935)
Kontext: The desire to provide security for oneself and one's family is natural and wholesome, but it is adequately served by a reasonable inheritance. Great accumulations of wealth cannot be justified on the basis of personal and family security. In the last analysis such accumulations amount to the perpetuation of great and undesirable concentration of control in a relatively few individuals over the employment and welfare of many, many others.

„Forests require many years to mature; consequently the long point of view is necessary if the forests are to be maintained for the good of our country.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s
Kontext: Forests require many years to mature; consequently the long point of view is necessary if the forests are to be maintained for the good of our country. He who would hold this long point of view must realize the need of subordinating immediate profits for the sake of the future public welfare. … A forest is not solely so many thousand board feet of lumber to be logged when market conditions make it profitable. It is an integral part of our natural land covering, and the most potent factor in maintaining Nature's delicate balance in the organic and inorganic worlds. In his struggle for selfish gain, man has often needlessly tipped the scales so that Nature's balance has been destroyed, and the public welfare has usually been on the short-weighted side. Such public necessities, therefore, must not be destroyed because there is profit for someone in their destruction. The preservation of the forests must be lifted above mere dollars and cents considerations. … The handling of our forests as a continuous, renewable resource means permanent employment and stability to our country life.
The forests are also needed for mitigating extreme climatic fluctuations, holding the soil on the slopes, retaining the moisture in the ground, and controlling the equable flow of water in our streams. The forests are the "lungs" of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people. Truly, they make the country more livable.
There is a new awakening to the importance of the forests to the country, and if you foresters remain true to your ideals, the country may confidently trust its most precious heritage to your safe-keeping.

„We do not see faith, hope, and charity as unattainable ideals, but we use them as stout supports of a nation fighting the fight for freedom in a modern civilization.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Speech to the Democratic National Convention (1936)
Kontext: We do not see faith, hope, and charity as unattainable ideals, but we use them as stout supports of a nation fighting the fight for freedom in a modern civilization.
Faith — in the soundness of democracy in the midst of dictatorships.
Hope — renewed because we know so well the progress we have made.
Charity — in the true spirit of that grand old word. For charity literally translated from the original means love, the love that understands, that does not merely share the wealth of the giver, but in true sympathy and wisdom helps men to help themselves.

„We find our population suffering from old inequalities, little changed by vast sporadic remedies.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, State of the Union Address (1935)
Kontext: We find our population suffering from old inequalities, little changed by vast sporadic remedies. In spite of our efforts and in spite of our talk, we have not weeded out the over privileged and we have not effectively lifted up the underprivileged. Both of these manifestations of injustice have retarded happiness. No wise man has any intention of destroying what is known as the profit motive; because by the profit motive we mean the right by work to earn a decent livelihood for ourselves and for our families.
We have, however, a clear mandate from the people, that Americans must forswear that conception of the acquisition of wealth which, through excessive profits, creates undue private power over private affairs and, to our misfortune, over public affairs as well. In building toward this end we do not destroy ambition, nor do we seek to divide our wealth into equal shares on stated occasions. We continue to recognize the greater ability of some to earn more than others. But we do assert that the ambition of the individual to obtain for him and his a proper security, a reasonable leisure, and a decent living throughout life, is an ambition to be preferred to the appetite for great wealth and great power.

„Wise and prudent men — intelligent conservatives — have long known that in a changing world worthy institutions can be conserved only by adjusting them to the changing time.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

Roosevelt here slightly misquotes Thomas Babington Macaulay, who in a speech on parliamentary reform (2 March 1831) asserted: "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us, Reform, that you may preserve."
1930s, Address at the Democratic State Convention, Syracuse, New York (1936)
Kontext: The true conservative seeks to protect the system of private property and free enterprise by correcting such injustices and inequalities as arise from it. The most serious threat to our institutions comes from those who refuse to face the need for change. Liberalism becomes the protection for the far-sighted conservative.
Never has a Nation made greater strides in the safeguarding of democracy than we have made during the past three years. Wise and prudent men — intelligent conservatives — have long known that in a changing world worthy institutions can be conserved only by adjusting them to the changing time. In the words of the great essayist, "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us. Reform if you would preserve." I am that kind of conservative because I am that kind of liberal.

„We Americans of today, together with our allies, are passing through a period of supreme test. It is a test of our courage — of our resolve — of our wisdom — our essential democracy.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1940s, Fourth Inaugural Address (1945)
Kontext: We Americans of today, together with our allies, are passing through a period of supreme test. It is a test of our courage — of our resolve — of our wisdom — our essential democracy. If we meet that test — successfully and honorably — we shall perform a service of historic importance which men and women and children will honor throughout all time. As I stand here today, having taken the solemn oath of office in the presence of my fellow countrymen — in the presence of our God — I know that it is America's purpose that we shall not fail.

„It was natural and perhaps human that the privileged princes of these new economic dynasties, thirsting for power, reached out for control over government itself. They created a new despotism and wrapped it in the robes of legal sanction. In its service new mercenaries sought to regiment the people, their labor, and their property.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Speech to the Democratic National Convention (1936)
Kontext: It was natural and perhaps human that the privileged princes of these new economic dynasties, thirsting for power, reached out for control over government itself. They created a new despotism and wrapped it in the robes of legal sanction. In its service new mercenaries sought to regiment the people, their labor, and their property. And as a result the average man once more confronts the problem that faced the Minute Man.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Ähnliche Autoren

Ronald Reagan Foto
Ronald Reagan15
Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Foto
John Fitzgerald Kennedy19
Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten
Nelson Mandela Foto
Nelson Mandela13
Präsident von Südafrika
Margaret Thatcher Foto
Margaret Thatcher38
Premierministerin des Vereinigten Königreichs
Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Putin Foto
Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Putin11
russischer Politiker
Václav Klaus Foto
Václav Klaus3
tschechischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Ministerpräsid…
Eleanor Roosevelt Foto
Eleanor Roosevelt38
US-amerikanische Menschenrechtsaktivistin
Salvador Allende Foto
Salvador Allende1
Arzt und von 1970 bis 1973 Präsident Chiles
Ayn Rand Foto
Ayn Rand30
US-amerikanische Schriftstellerin und Philosophin russische…
Fidel Castro Foto
Fidel Castro11
ehemaliger kubanischer Staatspräsident
Heutige Jubiläen
Dante Alighieri Foto
Dante Alighieri129
italienischer Dichter und Philosoph 1265 - 1321
Manny Ramirez Foto
Manny Ramirez
deominikanischer Baseballspieler 1972
Voltaire Foto
Voltaire69
Autor der französischen und europäischen Aufklärung 1694 - 1778
Alexander Pope Foto
Alexander Pope13
englischer Dichter, Übersetzer und Schriftsteller 1688 - 1744
Weitere 53 heutige Jubiläen
Ähnliche Autoren
Ronald Reagan Foto
Ronald Reagan15
Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Foto
John Fitzgerald Kennedy19
Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten
Nelson Mandela Foto
Nelson Mandela13
Präsident von Südafrika
Margaret Thatcher Foto
Margaret Thatcher38
Premierministerin des Vereinigten Königreichs
Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Putin Foto
Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Putin11
russischer Politiker
x