Zitate von Franklin Delano Roosevelt

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Geburtstag: 30. Januar 1882
Todesdatum: 12. April 1945
Andere Namen:Франклин Рузвельт

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt [ˈfɹæŋklɪn ˈdɛlənoʊ ˈɹoʊzəvɛlt] , oft mit seinen Initialen FDR abgekürzt, war von 1933 bis zu seinem Tod 1945 der 32. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Er gehörte der Demokratischen Partei an.

Roosevelt entstammte einer bekannten und wohlhabenden Familie aus dem Bundesstaat New York. Er studierte Rechtswissenschaften und begann 1910 seine politische Karriere als Mitglied des Senats von New York. In der Regierung von Präsident Woodrow Wilson war er zwischen 1913 und 1921 Staatssekretär im Marineministerium. Nach einer gescheiterten Kandidatur für das Amt des US-Vizepräsidenten im Jahr 1920 musste er im folgenden Jahr einen schweren persönlichen Schicksalsschlag hinnehmen, als er an Kinderlähmung erkrankte. Obwohl er daraufhin kaum selbstständig gehen konnte, nahm er 1928 seine politische Karriere wieder auf und kandidierte erfolgreich als Gouverneur von New York. Dieses Amt übte er von 1929 bis 1932 aus und konnte dort wichtige Reformen zur Bekämpfung der Great Depression umsetzen.

Als Präsidentschaftskandidat seiner Partei bei der Wahl von 1932 konnte er Amtsinhaber Herbert Hoover besiegen. Nach seiner ersten Amtszeit wurde er 1936, 1940 und 1944 wiedergewählt – er ist damit der einzige US-Präsident, der länger als zwei Wahlperioden regierte. Seine Präsidentschaft ist durch innenpolitische Reformen unter dem Schlagwort New Deal zur Bekämpfung der Weltwirtschaftskrise geprägt. Seine Politik setzte die Leitlinie zum regulierenden Eingreifen der amerikanischen Regierung ins wirtschaftliche Geschehen, um bestimmte, im allgemeinen Interesse bestehende Ziele durchzusetzen. Zudem brachten die Einführung der Sozialversicherung und eines bundesweiten Mindestlohns nachhaltige Veränderungen im Sozialwesen des Landes mit sich.

Das bedeutendste außenpolitische Ereignis war der Eintritt der Vereinigten Staaten in den Zweiten Weltkrieg nach dem japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor im Dezember 1941. Roosevelt widmete sich trotz der politischen und gesellschaftlichen Gegensätze zur Sowjetunion aktiv dem Aufbau der Anti-Hitler-Koalition und hatte entscheidenden Anteil an der Definition der alliierten Kriegsziele gegen die Achsenmächte. Unter seiner Führung erfuhr die bis dato überwiegend isolationistische US-Außenpolitik eine neue Ausrichtung hin zum Internationalismus. Mit seiner Politik versuchte Roosevelt, anstelle eines Nationalismus dem Gedanken der globalen Abhängigkeit aller von allen Geltung zu verschaffen. Ausdruck wurde dem durch die Gründung der Vereinten Nationen 1945 verliehen, die der Präsident maßgeblich vorangetrieben hatte. Roosevelt erlebte jedoch das Kriegsende in Europa sowie die Kapitulation Japans nicht mehr. Nur wenige Wochen vor der bedingungslosen Kapitulation der deutschen Wehrmacht starb der gesundheitlich angeschlagene Präsident im April 1945 an einer Hirnblutung. Die Nachfolge als Präsident trat sein Stellvertreter Harry S. Truman an.

Roosevelt ging als einer der prägendsten Präsidenten in die amerikanische Geschichte ein und gehört zu den bedeutendsten Staatsmännern des 20. Jahrhunderts. In Umfragen unter Historikern und der US-Bevölkerung belegt er stets einen der ersten drei Plätze der besten US-Präsidenten . Sowohl seine progressive Reformpolitik des New Deal, verbunden mit seinem als charismatisch empfundenen Auftreten, das Zuversicht und Optimismus in der Bevölkerung gegen die Weltwirtschaftskrise weckte, als auch sein Agieren als politischer Führer im Zweiten Weltkrieg werden sehr positiv bewertet.

Zitate Franklin Delano Roosevelt

„Vom organisierten Geld regiert zu werden, ist genauso schlimm, wie vom organisierten Verbrechen regiert zu werden.“

— Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Ansprache im Madison Square Garden, New York City, 31. Oktober 1936. Zitiert in einer Rede von Sahra Wagenknecht in der Bundestagsdebatte am 26.01.2012 über das Finanzmarktstabilisierungsgesetz

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„Wealth in the modern world does not come merely from individual effort; it results from a combination of individual effort and of the manifold uses to which the community puts that effort. The individual does not create the product of his industry with his own hands; he utilizes the many processes and forces of mass production to meet the demands of a national and international market. Therefore, in spite of the great importance in our national life of the efforts and ingenuity of unusual individuals, the people in the mass have inevitably helped to make large fortunes possible. Without mass cooperation great accumulations of wealth would be impossible save by unhealthy speculation.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: Wealth in the modern world does not come merely from individual effort; it results from a combination of individual effort and of the manifold uses to which the community puts that effort. The individual does not create the product of his industry with his own hands; he utilizes the many processes and forces of mass production to meet the demands of a national and international market. Therefore, in spite of the great importance in our national life of the efforts and ingenuity of unusual individuals, the people in the mass have inevitably helped to make large fortunes possible. Without mass cooperation great accumulations of wealth would be impossible save by unhealthy speculation. As Andrew Carnegie put it, "Where wealth accrues honorably, the people are always silent partners." Whether it be wealth achieved through the cooperation of the entire community or riches gained by speculation — in either case the ownership of such wealth or riches represents a great public interest and a great ability to pay.

„The democratic aspiration is no mere recent phase in human history. It is human history.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: The democratic aspiration is no mere recent phase in human history. It is human history. It permeated the ancient life of early peoples. It blazed anew in the Middle Ages. It was written in Magna Charta.

„The life of a nation is the fullness of the measure of its will to live.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: Lives of nations are determined not by the count of years, but by the lifetime of the human spirit. The life of a man is three-score years and ten: a little more, a little less. The life of a nation is the fullness of the measure of its will to live.

„Several centuries ago the greatest writer in history described the two most menacing clouds that hang over human government and human society as "malice domestic and fierce foreign war."“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: Several centuries ago the greatest writer in history described the two most menacing clouds that hang over human government and human society as "malice domestic and fierce foreign war." We are not rid of these dangers but we can summon our intelligence to meet them. Never was there more genuine reason for Americans to face down these two causes of fear. "Malice domestic" from time to time will come to you in the shape of those who would raise false issues, pervert facts, preach the gospel of hate, and minimize the importance of public action to secure human rights or spiritual ideals. There are those today who would sow these seeds, but your answer to them is in the possession of the plain facts of our present condition.

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„Government cannot take a holiday of a year, a month, or even a day just because a few people are tired or frightened by the inescapable pace of this modern world in which we live.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: The Congress has understood that under modern conditions government has a continuing responsibility to meet continuing problems, and that Government cannot take a holiday of a year, a month, or even a day just because a few people are tired or frightened by the inescapable pace of this modern world in which we live.

„We have undertaken a new order of things; yet we progress to it under the framework and in the spirit and intent of the American Constitution.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: We have undertaken a new order of things; yet we progress to it under the framework and in the spirit and intent of the American Constitution. We have proceeded throughout the Nation a measurable distance on the road toward this new order.

„The task on our part is twofold: First, as simple patriotism requires, to separate the false from the real issues; and, secondly, with facts and without rancor, to clarify the real problems for the American public.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: The task on our part is twofold: First, as simple patriotism requires, to separate the false from the real issues; and, secondly, with facts and without rancor, to clarify the real problems for the American public. There will be — there are — many false issues. In that respect, this will be no different from other campaigns. Partisans, not willing to face realities, will drag out red herrings as they have always done — to divert attention from the trail of their own weaknesses.

„Different from a great part of the world, we in America persist in our belief in individual enterprise and in the profit motive; but we realize we must continually seek improved practices to insure the continuance of reasonable profits, together with scientific progress, individual initiative, opportunities for the little fellow, fair prices, decent wages and continuing employment.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: The Congress has provided a fact-finding Commission to find a path through the jungle of contradictory theories about wise business practices — to find the necessary facts for any intelligent legislation on monopoly, on price-fixing and on the relationship between big business and medium-sized business and little business. Different from a great part of the world, we in America persist in our belief in individual enterprise and in the profit motive; but we realize we must continually seek improved practices to insure the continuance of reasonable profits, together with scientific progress, individual initiative, opportunities for the little fellow, fair prices, decent wages and continuing employment.

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„Two Chinese coolies were arguing heatedly in the midst of a crowd. A stranger expressed surprise that no blows were being struck. His Chinese friend replied: "The man who strikes first admits that his ideas have given out."“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: In nine cases out of ten the speaker or writer who, seeking to influence public opinion, descends from calm argument to unfair blows hurts himself more than his opponent. The Chinese have a story on this — a story based on three or four thousand years of civilization: Two Chinese coolies were arguing heatedly in the midst of a crowd. A stranger expressed surprise that no blows were being struck. His Chinese friend replied: "The man who strikes first admits that his ideas have given out."

„I cannot tell you when or where the United Nations are going to strike next in Europe. But we are going to strike — and strike hard.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: I cannot tell you when or where the United Nations are going to strike next in Europe. But we are going to strike — and strike hard. I cannot tell you whether we are going to hit them in Norway, or through the Low Countries, or in France, or through Sardinia or Sicily, or through the Balkans, or through Poland — or at several points simultaneously. But I can tell you that no matter where and when we strike by land, we and the British and the Russians will hit them from the air heavily and relentlessly. Day in and day out we shall heap tons upon tons of high explosives on their war factories and utilities and seaports. Hitler and Mussolini will understand now the enormity of their miscalculations — that the Nazis would always have the advantage of superior air power as they did when they bombed Warsaw, and Rotterdam, and London and Coventry. That superiority has gone — forever. Yes, we believe that the Nazis and the Fascists have asked for it — and they are going to get it. (British Pathé newsreel · [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_V6tL6QRQs They're Going To Get It - Roosevelt (1943)])

„I regard reduction in Federal spending as one of the most important issues in this campaign.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: I regard reduction in Federal spending as one of the most important issues in this campaign. In my opinion it is the most direct and effective contribution that Government can make to business. Campaign Address on the Federal Budget at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (October 19, 1932), quoted in The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Volume 1, p. 809. [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=ppotpus;cc=ppotpus;q1=I%20regard%20reduction%20in%20Federal%20spending;rgn=full%20text;idno=4925052.1928.001;didno=4925052.1928.001;view=image;seq=00000861][http://books.google.com/books?id=LD13AAAAMAAJ&q=%22I+regard+reduction+in+Federal+spending+as+one+of+the+most+important+issues+%22&dq=%22I+regard+reduction+in+Federal+spending+as+one+of+the+most+important+issues+%22&hl=en&ei=Zj0nTsuYAc3isQLHrKk7&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAjgU][http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=88399#ixzz1LgbHf7LQ]

„This country seeks no conquest. We have no imperial designs. From day to day and year to year, we are establishing a more perfect assurance of peace with our neighbors.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: This country seeks no conquest. We have no imperial designs. From day to day and year to year, we are establishing a more perfect assurance of peace with our neighbors. We rejoice especially in the prosperity, the stability and the independence of all of the American Republics. We not only earnestly desire peace, but we are moved by a stern determination to avoid those perils that will endanger our peace with the world.

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