Zitate von Augustinus von Hippo

Augustinus von Hippo Foto
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Augustinus von Hippo

Geburtstag: 13. November 354
Todesdatum: 28. August 430
Andere Namen: Svatý Augustýn, Augustinus, Sv. Augustín

Augustinus von Hippo, auch: Augustinus von Thagaste, Augustin oder Aurelius Augustinus war ein numidischer Kirchenlehrer. Er war neben Hieronymus, Ambrosius von Mailand und Papst Gregor dem Großen einer der vier lateinischen Kirchenväter der Spätantike und ein wichtiger Philosoph an der Schwelle zwischen Antike und Frühmittelalter. Augustinus war zunächst Rhetor in Thagaste, Karthago, Rom und Mailand. Nachdem er jahrelang Manichäer gewesen war, ließ er sich unter dem Einfluss der Predigten des Bischofs Ambrosius von Mailand im Jahr 387 christlich taufen; von 395 bis zu seinem Tod 430 war er Bischof von Hippo Regius. Sein Gedenktag in der Liturgie ist der 28. August.

Augustinus hat zahlreiche theologische Schriften verfasst, die zu einem großen Teil erhalten sind. Diese Schriften, wiewohl nicht frei von Widersprüchen, bilden für Augustinus eine Einheit; der christliche Glaube ist ihm Grundlage der Erkenntnis . Das Werk Bekenntnisse gehört zu den einflussreichsten autobiographischen Texten der Weltliteratur. Augustinus’ Philosophie enthält von Platon stammende, jedoch im christlichen Sinn modifizierte Elemente. Hierzu gehören insbesondere die Dreiteilung der Wirklichkeit in die Welt des höchsten Seins, die nur dem Geist zugänglich ist, die Geist-Seele des Menschen und die niedere Welt des Werdens, die den Sinnen zugänglich ist. Die erste Biografie des Augustinus stammt von Possidius von Calama, der ihn als Schüler noch gut gekannt hat.

Als einer der einflussreichsten Theologen und Philosophen der christlichen Spätantike bzw. der Patristik hat er das Denken des Abendlandes wesentlich geprägt. In der orthodoxen Kirche dagegen blieb er praktisch unbekannt; als seine Lehre im 14. Jahrhundert durch griechische Übersetzungen auch in Konstantinopel bekannt wurde, stieß sie auf Ablehnung, soweit sie nicht ohnehin dem Konsens anderer Kirchenväter entsprach. Seine Theologie beeinflusste die Lehre fast aller westlichen Kirchen, ob katholisch oder evangelisch. Der Begriff Augustinismus kennzeichnet seine Rezeption in Religion, Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaft.

Werk

De doctrina christiana
Augustinus von Hippo

Zitate Augustinus von Hippo

„Wandle das Herz, und das Werk wird sich wandeln! Reiß aus die Begierde, pflanze ein die Liebe! Wie nämlich die Begierde die Wurzel allen Übels ist, so ist auch die Liebe die Wurzel alles Guten. Warum also murren die Menschen unter sich oder führen Streitgespräche, indem sie sagen: Was ist das Gute? Wenn du doch nur wüßtest, was das Gute ist!“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Sermo 72, 3, 4
Original lat.: "Muta cor, et mutabitur opus. Exstirpa cupiditatem, planta charitatem. Sicut enim radix est omnium malorum cupiditas [I Tim. VI, 10]; sic et radix omnium bonorum charitas. Quid ergo mussitant homines inter se, vel contendunt, dicentes: Quid est bonum? O si scires quid est bonum!"

„Nimm das Recht weg – was ist dann ein Staat noch anderes als eine große Räuberbande“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

De civitate dei, IV, 4, 1. Übers.: Papst Benedikt XVI, Rede vor dem Deutschen Bundestag am 22. September 2011, vatican.va http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2011/september/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20110922_reichstag-berlin_ge.html
Original lat.: "Remota itaque iustitia quid sunt regna nisi magna latrocinia?"

„Mensch lerne tanzen, sonst wissen die Engel im Himmel mit dir nichts anzufangen“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

oft Augustinus zugeschrieben, jedoch ohne Nachweis. Vgl. Tina Engermann: Bildung in Bewegung, in: L. Pongratz und P. Euler: Darmstädter Studien zur Bewegung, TU Darmstadt, Institut für Pädagogik, o. J., ISBN 386727424X, Seite 20 Fn. 38, books.google.com http://books.google.de/books?id=_veSz2scdLAC&pg=PA20. In seinen Schriften erwähnt Augustinus den Tanz nur im negativen Sinne (z.B. De symbolo ad catechumenos II.2, De fide et operibus 27, De civitate Dei II.20, VII.26, VII.28, XVIII.10, Tractatus in Iohannis Euangelium III.19).
Fälschlich zugeschrieben

„Was also ist »Zeit«? Wenn mich niemand danach fragt, weiß ich es; will ich es einem Fragenden erklären, weiß ich es nicht.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Confessiones XI, 14
Original lat.: "Quid est ergo tempus? si nemo ex me quaerat, scio; si quaerenti explicare velim, nescio."

„Rom hat gesprochen, der Fall ist beendet.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Sermones 131, 10
Original lat.: "Roma locuta, causa finita."

„Liebe und tu, was du willst.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

In epistulam Ioannis ad Parthos, tractatus VII, 8
Original lat.: "dilige et quod vis fac."; fälschlich oft: "ama et fac quod vis."

„Gib mir Keuschheit und Enthaltsamkeit - aber jetzt noch nicht.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Confessiones 8,7, 17
Original lat.: "Da mihi castitatem et continentiam, sed noli modo."

„Soviel in dir die Liebe wächst, soviel wächst die Schönheit in dir. Denn die Liebe ist die Schönheit der Seele.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

In epistulam Ioannis ad Parthos, tractatus IX, 9
Original lat.: "Quantum in te crescit amor, tantum crescit pulchritudo; quia ipsa caritas est animae pulchritudo."

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„Du willst, dass es Freude bereitet, dich zu loben, denn du hast uns zu dir hin geschaffen und ruhelos ist unser Herz, bis es ruht in dir.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Confessiones 1,1
Original lat.: "Tu excitas, ut laudare te delectet, quia fecisti nos ad te et inquietum est cor nostrum, donec requiescat in te."

„In der Kirche gilt nicht: Dies sage ich, dies sagst du, sondern: So spricht der Herr!“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Vermeintliches Augustinuszitat als Inschrift unter dem Portraitbild von August F. C. Vilmar, laut Vorwort zu dessen Dogmatik: Akademische Vorlesungen, 1874, Vorwort von K. W. Piderit, Seite V. In den Werkes des Augustinus von Hippo ist der Spruch nicht belegt.
Fälschlich zugeschrieben
Original: In ecclesia non valet Hoc ego dico, hoc tu dicis, hoc ille dicit, sed Haec dicit Dominus.

„In dir muss brennen, was du in anderen entzünden willst.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Geht wohl auf eine Stelle in der Auslegung zu Psalm 34 zurück: "Es gibt keinen Schlechten, der sich nicht zuerst selbst schadet. Stellt euch die Schlechtigkeit vor wie ein Feuer. Du willst etwas anzünden: Was du dorthin bewegst [d.h. eine Fackel], brennt schon vorher; wenn es nicht brennt, entzündet es nicht."
Original lat.: "Nemo malus non sibi prius nocet. Sic enim esse putate malitiam, quomodo ignem. Incendere vis aliquid: illud quod admoves, prius ardet, nisi ardeat, non incendit." – Enarratio in Psalmum 34 I,11
Fälschlich zugeschrieben

„Wer (gut) singt, betet doppelt.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

(Original lat.: "Qui bene cantat bis orat." oder "Quis cantat bis orat") - oft Augustinus zugeschrieben, doch nachweisbar ist nur ein ähnlicher Spruch in der Auslegung zu Psalm 72,1: "Wer Lob singt, singt nicht nur, sondern liebt auch den, dem er singt" (Enarratio in Psalmum 72; CCL 39, 986; PL 36, 914).
Fälschlich zugeschrieben

„Im Notwendigen Einheit, im nicht Notwendigen Freiheit, in beidem Liebe.“

—  Augustinus von Hippo

Original lat.: "In necessariis unitas, in non-necessariis libertas, in utrisque caritas." oder "In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas."
Fälschlich zugeschrieben

„But just a minute, Mr. Poor Man; consider whether you can, in fact, enter. What if you’re poor, and also happen to be greedy? What if you’re sunk in destitution, and at the same time on fire with avarice?“

—  Aurelius Augustinus

Sermon 346A:6 (c. 399 A.D.) "On the Word of God as Leader of the Christians on Their Pilgrimage," Works of Saint Augustine: A Translation for the 21st Century, III/10, Sermons, 341-400, New City Press, Edmund Hill O.P., trans., (1995), , p. 74. http://books.google.com/books?id=iE30Zob4v98C&pg=PA74&dq=%22But+just+a+minute,+Mr.+Poor+Man;+consider+whether+you+can%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-cHUUbqIIJO68wTn-YC4DA&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22But%20just%20a%20minute%2C%20Mr.%20Poor%20Man%3B%20consider%20whether%20you%20can%22&f=false
Sermons
Kontext: But let us realize what sort of rich people. Here comes heaven knows who across our path, wrapped in rags, and he has been jumping for joy and laughing on hearing it said that the rich man can’t enter the kingdom of heaven; and he’s been saying, “I, though, will enter; that’s what theses rags will earn me; those who treat s badly and insult us, those who bear down hard upon us won’t enter; no, that sort certainly won’t enter. But just a minute, Mr. Poor Man; consider whether you can, in fact, enter. What if you’re poor, and also happen to be greedy? What if you’re sunk in destitution, and at the same time on fire with avarice? So if that’s what you’re like, whoever you are that are poor, it’s not because you haven’t wanted to be rich, but because you haven’t been able to. So God doesn’t inspect your means, but he observes your will. So if that’s what you’re like, leading a bad life, of bad morals, a blasphemer, an adulterer, a drunkard, proud, cross yourself off the list of God’s poor; you won’t be among those of whom it is said, Blessed are the poor in spirit, since theirs is the kingdom of heaven (Mt 5:3).

„So say people who are not within the Church. What an impudent assertion!“

—  Aurelius Augustinus

Exposition 2 of Psalm 108. The unity and perpetuity of the Church against the Donatists.
Expositions of the Psalms 99-120 (The Works of Saint Augustine, Vol 19 Part 3), Boniface Ramsey, ed., Maria Boulding, O.S.B, tr., New City Press, , pp. 68-69 http://books.google.com/books?id=3iWSkxuvyQ4C&pg=PA68&dq=%22So+say+people+who+are+not+within+the+Church.+What+an+impudent+assertion%22&hl=en&ei=-MlfTI7XKIHGlQeZ0JCZCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22So%20say%20people%20who%20are%20not%20within%20the%20Church.%20What%20an%20impudent%20assertion%22&f=false
Expositions on the Psalms
Kontext: God is one, and the Church is a unity; only unity can respond to him who is one. But there are some people why say, “Yes, that certainly was the case. The Church spread among all nations did respond to him, bearing more children than did the wedded wife. It responded to him in the way of his strength, for it believed that Christ had risen. All nations believed in him. But that Church which was drawn from all nations no longer exists: it has perished.”
So say people who are not within the Church. What an impudent assertion! The Church does not exist because you are not in it? Be careful lest such an attitude result in your not existing yourself, for the Church will be here even if you are not. But the Spirit of God anticipated this abominable, detestable assertion, this claim full of presumption and falsehood, a claim with nothing to support it, illumined by no spark of wisdom, seasoned by no salt. God’s Spirit anticipated this empty, unfounded, foolhardy and pernicious proposition and seemingly refuted it in advance by proclaiming that the Church is united by the gathering of the people together into one, and kingdoms to serve the Lord.

„And, consequently, neither am I deceived in knowing that I know.“

—  Aurelius Augustinus, buch The City of God

XI, 26, Parts of this passage has been heavily compared with later statements of René Descartes; in Latin and with a variant translations:
The City of God (early 400s)
Kontext: We both are, and know that we are, and delight in our being, and our knowledge of it. Moreover, in these three things no true-seeming illusion disturbs us; for we do not come into contact with these by some bodily sense, as we perceive the things outside of us of all which sensible objects it is the images resembling them, but not themselves which we perceive in the mind and hold in the memory, and which excite us to desire the objects. But, without any delusive representation of images or phantasms, I am most certain that I am, and that I know and delight in this. In respect of these truths, I am not at all afraid of the arguments of the Academicians, who say, What if you are deceived? For if I am deceived, I am. For he who is not, cannot be deceived; and if I am deceived, by this same token I am. And since I am if I am deceived, how am I deceived in believing that I am? for it is certain that I am if I am deceived. Since, therefore, I, the person deceived, should be, even if I were deceived, certainly I am not deceived in this knowledge that I am. And, consequently, neither am I deceived in knowing that I know. For, as I know that I am, so I know this also, that I know. And when I love these two things, I add to them a certain third thing, namely, my love, which is of equal moment. For neither am I deceived in this, that I love, since in those things which I love I am not deceived; though even if these were false, it would still be true that I loved false things. For how could I justly be blamed and prohibited from loving false things, if it were false that I loved them? But, since they are true and real, who doubts that when they are loved, the love of them is itself true and real? Further, as there is no one who does not wish to be happy, so there is no one who does not wish [themself] to be [into being]. For how can he be happy, if he is nothing?

„We both are, and know that we are, and delight in our being, and our knowledge of it. Moreover, in these three things no true-seeming illusion disturbs us; for we do not come into contact with these by some bodily sense, as we perceive the things outside of us of all which sensible objects it is the images resembling them, but not themselves which we perceive in the mind and hold in the memory, and which excite us to desire the objects. But, without any delusive representation of images or phantasms, I am most certain that I am, and that I know and delight in this.“

—  Aurelius Augustinus, buch The City of God

XI, 26, Parts of this passage has been heavily compared with later statements of René Descartes; in Latin and with a variant translations:
The City of God (early 400s)
Kontext: We both are, and know that we are, and delight in our being, and our knowledge of it. Moreover, in these three things no true-seeming illusion disturbs us; for we do not come into contact with these by some bodily sense, as we perceive the things outside of us of all which sensible objects it is the images resembling them, but not themselves which we perceive in the mind and hold in the memory, and which excite us to desire the objects. But, without any delusive representation of images or phantasms, I am most certain that I am, and that I know and delight in this. In respect of these truths, I am not at all afraid of the arguments of the Academicians, who say, What if you are deceived? For if I am deceived, I am. For he who is not, cannot be deceived; and if I am deceived, by this same token I am. And since I am if I am deceived, how am I deceived in believing that I am? for it is certain that I am if I am deceived. Since, therefore, I, the person deceived, should be, even if I were deceived, certainly I am not deceived in this knowledge that I am. And, consequently, neither am I deceived in knowing that I know. For, as I know that I am, so I know this also, that I know. And when I love these two things, I add to them a certain third thing, namely, my love, which is of equal moment. For neither am I deceived in this, that I love, since in those things which I love I am not deceived; though even if these were false, it would still be true that I loved false things. For how could I justly be blamed and prohibited from loving false things, if it were false that I loved them? But, since they are true and real, who doubts that when they are loved, the love of them is itself true and real? Further, as there is no one who does not wish to be happy, so there is no one who does not wish [themself] to be [into being]. For how can he be happy, if he is nothing?

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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