Zitate von Augustinus von Hippo

Augustinus von Hippo Foto
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Augustinus von Hippo

Geburtstag: 13. November 354
Todesdatum: 28. August 430
Andere Namen: Svatý Augustýn, Augustinus,Sv. Augustín

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Augustinus von Hippo, auch: Augustinus von Thagaste, Augustin oder Aurelius Augustinus war einer der vier lateinischen Kirchenlehrer der Spätantike und ein wichtiger Philosoph an der Epochenschwelle zwischen Antike und Mittelalter. Augustinus war zunächst Rhetor in Thagaste, Karthago, Rom und Mailand. Wie sein Vater war er Heide, unter dem Einfluss der Predigten des Bischofs Ambrosius von Mailand ließ er sich 387 taufen; von 395 bis zu seinem Tod 430 war er Bischof von Hippo Regius. Sein Gedenktag in der Liturgie ist der 28. August.

Augustinus hat zahlreiche theologische Schriften verfasst, die zu einem großen Teil erhalten sind. Diese Schriften bilden für Augustinus eine Einheit; der christliche Glaube ist ihm Grundlage der Erkenntnis . Das Werk Bekenntnisse gehört zu den einflussreichsten autobiographischen Texten der Weltliteratur. Augustinus' Philosophie enthält von Platon stammende, jedoch im christlichen Sinn modifizierte Elemente. Hierzu gehören insbesondere die Dreiteilung der Wirklichkeit in die Welt des höchsten Seins, die nur dem Geist zugänglich ist, die Geist-Seele des Menschen und die niedere Welt des Werdens, die den Sinnen zugänglich ist. Die erste Biographie des Augustinus stammt von Possidius von Calama, der ihn als Schüler noch gut gekannt hat.

Als einer der einflussreichsten Theologen und Philosophen der christlichen Spätantike bzw. der Patristik hat er das Denken des Abendlandes wesentlich geprägt. In der orthodoxen Kirche dagegen blieb er praktisch unbekannt; als seine Lehre im 14. Jahrhundert durch griechische Übersetzungen auch in Konstantinopel bekannt wurde, stieß sie auf Ablehnung, soweit sie nicht ohnehin dem Konsens anderer Kirchenväter entsprach. Seine Theologie beeinflusste die Lehre fast aller westlichen Kirchen, ob katholisch oder evangelisch. Der Begriff Augustinismus kennzeichnet seine Rezeption in Religion, Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaft.

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Zitate Augustinus von Hippo

„Mensch lerne tanzen, sonst wissen die Engel im Himmel mit dir nichts anzufangen“

— Augustinus von Hippo
oft Augustinus zugeschrieben, jedoch ohne Nachweis. Vgl. Tina Engermann: Bildung in Bewegung, in: L. Pongratz und P. Euler: Darmstädter Studien zur Bewegung, TU Darmstadt, Institut für Pädagogik, o. J., ISBN 386727424X, Seite 20 Fn. 38, books. google. com

„Nimm das Recht weg – was ist dann ein Staat noch anderes als eine große Räuberbande“

— Augustinus von Hippo
De civitate dei, IV, 4, 1. Übers.: Papst Benedikt XVI, Rede vor dem Deutschen Bundestag am 22. September 2011, vatican. va

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„Liebe und tu, was du willst.“

— Augustinus von Hippo
In epistulam Ioannis ad Parthos, tractatus VII, 8

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„What is the use of believing, if the dost blaspheme?“

— Aurelius Augustinus
Context: What is the use of believing, if the dost blaspheme? Thou adorest Him as Head, and dost blaspheme Him in His body. He loves His body. Thou canst cut thyself off from the body, but the Head does not detach itself from its body. "Thou dost honor me in vain," He cries from heaven, "thou dost honor Me in vain!" If someone wished to kiss thy cheek, but insisted at the same time on trampling thy feet; if with his hailed boots he were to crush thy feet as he tries to hold thy head and kiss thee, wouldst thou not interrupt his expression of respect and cry out: "What are thou doing, man? Thou art trampling upon me!" … It is for this reason that before He ascended into heaven our Lord Jesus Christ recommended to us His body, by which He was to remain upon earth. For He foresaw that many would pay Him homage because of His glory in heaven, but that their homage would be vain, so long as they despise His members on earth. (pp. 436-437) http://books.google.com/books?id=CIosAAAAIAAJ&q=%22their+homage+would+be+vain,+so+long+as+they+despise+His+members+on+earth%22&dq=%22their+homage+would+be+vain,+so+long+as+they+despise+His+members+on+earth%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3AIXUd70C4mi8QTi2IC4Cg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

„For Jesus Christ is one man, having a Head and a body“

— Aurelius Augustinus
Context: What does the Scripture mean when it tells us of the body of one man so extended in space that all can kill him? We must understand these words of ourselves, of our Church, or the body of Christ. For Jesus Christ is one man, having a Head and a body. The Saviour of the body and the members of the body are two in one flesh, and in one voice, and in one passion, and, when iniquity shall have passed away, in one repose. And so the passion of Christ is not in Christ alone; and yet the passion of Christ is in Christ alone. For if in Christ you consider both the Head and the body, the Christ’s passion is in Christ alone; but if by Christ you mean only the Head, then Christ’s passion is not in Christ alone. Hence if you are in the members of Christ, all you who hear me, and even you who hear me not (though you do hear, if you are united with the members of Christ), whatever you suffer at the hands of those who are no among the members of Christ, was lacking to the sufferings of Christ. It is added precisely because it was lacking. You fill up the measure; you do not cause it to overflow. You will suffer just so much as must be added of your sufferings to the complete passion of Christ, who suffered as our Head and who continues to suffer in His members, that is, in us. Into this common treasury each pays what he owes, and according to each one’s ability we all contribute our share of suffering. The full measure of the Passion will not be attained until the end of the world. pp. 424-425

„For He foresaw that many would pay Him homage because of His glory in heaven, but that their homage would be vain, so long as they despise His members on earth“

— Aurelius Augustinus
Context: What is the use of believing, if the dost blaspheme? Thou adorest Him as Head, and dost blaspheme Him in His body. He loves His body. Thou canst cut thyself off from the body, but the Head does not detach itself from its body. "Thou dost honor me in vain," He cries from heaven, "thou dost honor Me in vain!" If someone wished to kiss thy cheek, but insisted at the same time on trampling thy feet; if with his hailed boots he were to crush thy feet as he tries to hold thy head and kiss thee, wouldst thou not interrupt his expression of respect and cry out: "What are thou doing, man? Thou art trampling upon me!" … It is for this reason that before He ascended into heaven our Lord Jesus Christ recommended to us His body, by which He was to remain upon earth. For He foresaw that many would pay Him homage because of His glory in heaven, but that their homage would be vain, so long as they despise His members on earth. (pp. 436-437) http://books.google.com/books?id=CIosAAAAIAAJ&q=%22their+homage+would+be+vain,+so+long+as+they+despise+His+members+on+earth%22&dq=%22their+homage+would+be+vain,+so+long+as+they+despise+His+members+on+earth%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3AIXUd70C4mi8QTi2IC4Cg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

„The Head and the body are Christ wholly and entirely“

— Aurelius Augustinus
Context: The Head and the body are Christ wholly and entirely. The Head is the only begotten Son of God, the body is His Church; the bridegroom and the bride, two in one flesh. All who dissent from the Scriptures concerning Christ, although they may be found in all places in which the Church is found, are not in the Church; and again all those who agree with the Scriptures concerning the Head, and do not communicate in the unity of the Church, are not in the Church Encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII on the Unity of the Church, June 29, 1896, ch. 16, Publications of the Catholic Truth Society, 1896, London, Volume 30, p. 41. http://books.google.com/books?id=pYcQAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA41&dq=%22Head+and+the+body+are+Christ+wholly+and+entirely%22&hl=en&ei=6JVRToOwCYbKsQKKxvTHBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Head%20and%20the%20body%20are%20Christ%20wholly%20and%20entirely%22&f=false Alternate translation: The whole Christ is Head and Body. The Head, the only begotten Son of God; and His Body, the Church: the Bridegroom and the Bride, two in one flesh. Whosoever dissent from the Holy Scriptures in respect of the Head, even though they be found in all the places in which the Church is marked out to be, are not in the Church. And again, whosoever agree with the Holy Scriptures concerning the Head, and do not communicate with the unity of the Body, are not in the Church, because they dissent from Christ's own witness concerning Christ's Body, which is the Church. Dr. Pusey, and the Ancient Church (1866), by Thomas W. Allies, Longmans, Green, London, p. 82 http://books.google.com/books?id=Cn-pxLKAcRIC&pg=PA82&dq=%22whole+Christ+is+Head+and+Body.+The+Head,+the+only-begotten+Son+of+God%22&hl=en&ei=gZZRTpHKDqmusQKQ8cnnBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22whole%20Christ%20is%20Head%20and%20Body.%20The%20Head%2C%20the%20only-begotten%20Son%20of%20God%22&f=false

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