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Johannes Chrysostomos

Geburtstag: 349
Todesdatum: 14. September 407
Andere Namen: Ióannés Chrýsostomos, Johannes Chrysostomus

Johannes von Antiochia war Presbyter in Antiochia und Erzbischof von Konstantinopel und gilt als einer der größten christlichen Prediger. Im 6. Jahrhundert wurde ihm der Beiname Chrysostomos gegeben, unter dem er heute bekannt ist. In den östlich-orthodoxen Kirchen wird er seit dem 10. Jahrhundert als einer der drei heiligen Hierarchen verehrt, zusammen mit Basilius dem Großen und Gregor von Nazianz. Für das westliche Christentum ist er einer der vier Kirchenlehrer des Ostens .

Er wurde als Asket verehrt und war für seine Begabung in der öffentlichen Rede wie auch wegen seines Auftretens gegen den Missbrauch der kirchlichen und staatlichen Autorität bekannt. Umstritten sind seine massiv negativen Äußerungen über Juden in seinen frühesten erhaltenen Predigten. Wikipedia

Photo: Unknown author / Public domain

Zitate Johannes Chrysostomos

„Wer Almosen gibt, gewöhnt sich daran, Geld und Gut nicht mehr zu bewundern.“

—  Johannes Chrysostomos

Homilie über den Brief an die Philipper

„Why do you sow where the field is eager to destroy the fruit? Where there are medicines of sterility? Where there is murder before birth? You do not even let a harlot remain a harlot, but you make her a murderess as well. Do you see that from drunkenness comes fornication, from fornication adultery, from adultery murder? Indeed, it is something worse than murder and I do not know what to call it; for she does not kill what is formed but prevents its formation. What then? Do you contemn the gift of God, and fight with His laws? What is a curse, do you seek as though it were a blessing? Do you make the anteroom of birth the anteroom of slaughter? Do you teach the woman who is given to you for the procreation of offspring to perpetrate killing? That she may always be beautiful and lovable to her lovers, and that she may rake in more money, she does not refuse to do this, heaping fire on your head; and even if the crime is hers, you are the cause. Hence also arise idolatries. To look pretty many of these women use incantations, libations, philtres, potions, and innumerable other things. Yet after such turpitude, after murder, after idolatry, the matter still seems indifferent to many men–even to many men having wives. In this indifference of the married men there is greater evil filth; for then poisons are prepared, not against the womb of a prostitute, but against your injured wife. Against her are these innumerable tricks, invocations of demons, incantations of the dead, daily wars, ceaseless battles, and unremitting contentions.“

—  John Chrysostom

St. John Chrysostom, Homily 24 on the Epistle to the Romans [PG 60:626-27] https://www.patheos.com/blogs/davearmstrong/2017/10/contraception-early-church-teaching-william-klimon.html

„I do not think there are many among Bishops that will be saved, but many more that perish“

—  John Chrysostom

St. John Chrysostom, Homily III on Acts 1:12
Kontext: I do not think there are many among Bishops that will be saved, but many more that perish: and the reason is, that it is an affair that requires a great mind.

„Just as maniacs, who never enjoy tranquility, so also he who is resentful and retains an enemy will never have the enjoyment of any peace; incessantly raging and daily increasing the tempest of his thoughts calling to mind his words and acts, and detesting the very name of him who has aggrieved him. Do you but mention his enemy, he becomes furious at once, and sustains much inward anguish; and should he chance to get only a bare sight of him, he fears and trembles, as if encountering the worst evils, Indeed, if he perceives any of his relations, if but his garment, or his dwelling, or street, he is tormented by the sight of them. For as in the case of those who are beloved, their faces, their garments, their sandals, their houses, or streets, excite us, the instant we behold them; so also should we observe a servant, or friend, or house, or street, or any thing else belonging to those We hate and hold our enemies, we are stung by all these things; and the strokes we endure from the sight of each one of them are frequent and continual. What is the need then of sustaining such a siege, such torment and such punishment? For if hell did not threaten the resentful, yet for the very torment resulting from the thing itself we ought to forgive the offences of those who have aggrieved us. But when deathless punishments remain behind, what can be more senseless than the man, who both here and there brings punishment upon himself, while he thinks to be revenged upon his enemy!“

—  John Chrysostom

Homilies on the Statues http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf109/Page_474.html, Homily XX

„We are commanded to have only one enemy, the devil. With him never be reconciled! But with a brother, never be at enmity in thy heart.“

—  John Chrysostom

Homilies on the Statues http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf109/Page_476.html, Homily XX

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