„Wir können von der Dauer unseres Körpers nur eine höchst inadäquate Erkenntnis haben.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

, Buch II, "Über die Natur und den Ursprung des Geistes", Lehrsatz 30
Original lat.: "Nos de duratione nostri corporis nullam nisi admodum inadæquatam cognitionem habere possumus."
Ethik, Buch II, Über die Natur und den Ursprung des Geistes

„Menschen werden nämlich nicht als Staatsbürger geboren, sondern zu ihnen erst gemacht“

—  Baruch Spinoza, buch Tractatus politicus

Tractatus Politicus, cap. 5 § 2 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=bSMAPwr5TekC&pg=PA63&dq=geboren
Original lat.: "Homines enim civiles non nascuntur, sed fiunt." - books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=bSMAPwr5TekC&pg=PA62&dq=civiles
Tractatus Politicus

„Aber alles, was vortrefflich ist, ist ebenso schwierig wie selten.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

(Original lat.:“Sed omnia praeclara tam dificilia quam rara sunt.” – Ethica, Pars quinta, in fine
Ethik, Buch V, Über die Macht des Verstandes oder die menschliche Freiheit

„Die Tugend des freien Menschen zeigt sich ebenso groß im Vermeiden wie im Überwinden von Gefahren.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Ethik, Buch IV, "Über die menschliche Knechtschaft oder die Macht der Affekte", Lehrsatz 69
Original lat.: "Hominis liberi virtus æque magna cernitur in declinandis quam in superandis periculis."
Ethik, Buch IV, Über die menschliche Knechtschaft oder die Macht der Affekte

„Heiterkeit kann kein Übermaß haben, sondern ist immer gut; Melancholie dagegen ist immer schlecht.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Ethik, Buch IV, "Über die menschliche Knechtschaft oder die Macht der Affekte", Lehrsatz 42
Original lat.: "Hilaritas excessum habere nequit sed semper bona est et contra melancholia semper mala."
Ethik, Buch IV, Über die menschliche Knechtschaft oder die Macht der Affekte

„Prophetie oder Offenbarung ist die von Gott den Menschen offenbarte sichere Erkenntnis einer Sache.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Tractatus Theologico Politicus, Buch I, Caput I
Original lat.: "Prophetia sive Revelatio est alicujus certa cognitio a Deo hominibus revelata."
Tractatus Theologico Politicus, Buch I

„Ehrgeiz ist unmäßige Begierde nach Ehre.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Ethik, Buch III, "Über den Ursprung und die Natur der Affekte", Lehrsatz 44
Original lat.: "Ambitio est immodica gloriæ cupiditas."
Ethik, Buch III, Über den Ursprung und die Natur der Affekte

„This error… forms one of the ultimate foundations of the system of Spinoza.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

James Clerk Maxwell, Matter and Motion (1876)
Kontext: Descartes... fell back on his original confusion of matter with space—space being, according to him, the only form of substance, and all existing things but affections of space. This error... forms one of the ultimate foundations of the system of Spinoza.

„I cannot consider them as anything but dreams, which differ from God as totally as that which is not differs from that which is.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Letter to Hugo Boxel (Oct. 1674) The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza (1891) Tr. R. H. M. Elwes, Vol. 2, Letter 58 (54).
Kontext: If I had as clear an idea of ghosts, as I have of a triangle or a circle, I should not in the least hesitate to affirm that they had been created by God; but as the idea I possess of them is just like the ideas, which my imagination forms of harpies, gryphons, hydras, &c., I cannot consider them as anything but dreams, which differ from God as totally as that which is not differs from that which is.<!--pp. 382-383

„My opinion concerning God differs widely from that which is ordinarily defended by modern Christians. For I hold that God is of all things the cause immanent, as the phrase is, not transient.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Letter 21 (73) to Henry Oldenburg , November (1675) http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=1711&chapter=144137&layout=html&Itemid=27
Kontext: My opinion concerning God differs widely from that which is ordinarily defended by modern Christians. For I hold that God is of all things the cause immanent, as the phrase is, not transient. I say that all things are in God and move in God, thus agreeing with Paul, and, perhaps, with all the ancient philosophers, though the phraseology may be different; I will even venture to affirm that I agree with all the ancient Hebrews, in so far as one may judge from their traditions, though these are in many ways corrupted. The supposition of some, that I endeavour to prove in the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus the unity of God and Nature (meaning by the latter a certain mass or corporeal matter), is wholly erroneous.
As regards miracles, I am of opinion that the revelation of God can only be established by the wisdom of the doctrine, not by miracles, or in other words by ignorance.

„Woe to him who in passing should hurl an insult at this gentle and pensive head. He would be punished, as all vulgar souls are punished, by his very vulgarity, and by his incapacity to conceive what is divine.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Ernest Renan, at the dedication of a statue to Spinoza in 1882, as quoted in The Story of Philosophy (1962) http://caute.net.ru/spinoza/aln/durant.htm by Will Durant
Kontext: Woe to him who in passing should hurl an insult at this gentle and pensive head. He would be punished, as all vulgar souls are punished, by his very vulgarity, and by his incapacity to conceive what is divine. This man, from his granite pedestal, will point out to all men the way of blessedness which he found; and ages hence, the cultivated traveler, passing by this spot, will say in his heart, "The truest vision ever had of God came, perhaps, here."

„A definition, if it is to be called perfect, must explain the inmost essence of a thing, and must take care not to substitute for this any of its properties.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

XII, 95
On the Improvement of the Understanding (1662)
Kontext: A definition, if it is to be called perfect, must explain the inmost essence of a thing, and must take care not to substitute for this any of its properties. In order to illustrate my meaning, without taking an example which would seem to show a desire to expose other people's errors, I will choose the case of something abstract, the definition of which is of little moment. Such is a circle. If a circle be defined as a figure, such that all straight lines drawn from the center to the circumference are equal, every one can see that such a definition does not in the least explain the essence of a circle, but solely one of its properties. Though, as I have said, this is of no importance in the case of figures and other abstractions, it is of great importance in the case of physical beings and realities, for the properties of things are not understood so long as their essences are unknown. If the latter be passed over, there is necessarily a perversion of the succession of ideas which should reflect the succession of nature, and we go far astray from our object.

„You can take every one of Spinoza's propositions, and take the contrary propositions, and“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Richard Feynman, in The Pleasure of Finding Things Out (1999), Ch. 9. The Smartest Man in the World
Kontext: My son is taking a course in philosophy, and last night we were looking at something by Spinoza and there was the most childish reasoning! There were all these attributes, and Substances, and all this meaningless chewing around, and we started to laugh. Now how could we do that? Here's this great Dutch philosopher, and we're laughing at him. It's because there's no excuse for it! In the same period there was Newton, there was Harvey studying the circulation of the blood, there were people with methods of analysis by which progress was being made! You can take every one of Spinoza's propositions, and take the contrary propositions, and look at the world and you can't tell which is right.

„Spinoza avers that blessedness comes only from a certain kind of knowledge—specifically, the "knowledge of the union that the mind has with the whole of Nature."“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Matthew Stewart, The Courtier and the Heretic (2006)
Kontext: Like Socrates, Spinoza avers that blessedness comes only from a certain kind of knowledge—specifically, the "knowledge of the union that the mind has with the whole of Nature."
... the life of contemplation is also a life within a certain type of community—specifically, a fellowship of the mind. Like Socrates with his circle of debating partners, or Epicurus in his garden with his intellectual companions, Spinoza imagines a philosophical future... upon achieving blessedness for himself, he announces in his first treatise, his first step is "to form a society... so that as many as possible may attain it as easily and as surely as possible." For, "the highest good," he claims, is to achieve salvation together with other individuals "if possible."

„For Spinoza, philosophy originates in the very personal… feeling of emptiness“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Kontext: For Spinoza, philosophy originates in the very personal... feeling of emptiness that in the philosophical tradition has earned the distinguished name of contemptu mundi, the contempt for worldly things, or, better, vanitas.... Spinoza says that... success in life is just a postponement of failure;... pleasure is just a fleeting respite from pain; and... the objects of our striving are vain illusions....
The feeling of vanitas Spinoza describes is... a dire encounter with the prospect of descent into absolute nothingness, a life without significance coming to a meaningless end.... The experience Spinoza records... establishes... the moment of extreme doubt, fear, and uncertainty that precedes the dawn of revelation.... the journey... is one trodden by poets, philosophers, and theologians too numerous to mention, who for millennia have recorded this feeling that life is a useless passion, a wheel of ceaseless striving, a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing, and so on.<!--pp. 55-56

Matthew Stewart, The Courtier and the Heretic (2006)

„You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, in Lectures on the History of Philosophy (1896), Vol. 3, Ch. I : The Metaphysics of the Understanding, § 2 : Spinoza, p. 283
Kontext: The fact is that Spinoza is made a testing-point in modern philosophy, so that it may really be said: You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all.

„I am of opinion that the revelation of God can only be established by the wisdom of the doctrine, not by miracles, or in other words by ignorance.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Letter 21 (73) to Henry Oldenburg , November (1675) http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=1711&chapter=144137&layout=html&Itemid=27
Kontext: My opinion concerning God differs widely from that which is ordinarily defended by modern Christians. For I hold that God is of all things the cause immanent, as the phrase is, not transient. I say that all things are in God and move in God, thus agreeing with Paul, and, perhaps, with all the ancient philosophers, though the phraseology may be different; I will even venture to affirm that I agree with all the ancient Hebrews, in so far as one may judge from their traditions, though these are in many ways corrupted. The supposition of some, that I endeavour to prove in the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus the unity of God and Nature (meaning by the latter a certain mass or corporeal matter), is wholly erroneous.
As regards miracles, I am of opinion that the revelation of God can only be established by the wisdom of the doctrine, not by miracles, or in other words by ignorance.

„In the state of nature, wrong-doing is impossible ; or, if anyone does wrong, it is to himself, not to another.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Quelle: Political Treatise (1677), Ch. 2, Of Natural Right
Kontext: In the state of nature, wrong-doing is impossible; or, if anyone does wrong, it is to himself, not to another. For no one by the law of nature is bound to please another, unless he chooses, nor to hold anything to be good or evil, but what he himself, according to his own temperament, pronounces to be so; and, to speak generally, nothing is forbidden by the law of nature, except what is beyond everyone's power.<!-- 23

„The truest vision ever had of God came, perhaps, here.“

—  Baruch Spinoza

Ernest Renan, at the dedication of a statue to Spinoza in 1882, as quoted in The Story of Philosophy (1962) http://caute.net.ru/spinoza/aln/durant.htm by Will Durant
Kontext: Woe to him who in passing should hurl an insult at this gentle and pensive head. He would be punished, as all vulgar souls are punished, by his very vulgarity, and by his incapacity to conceive what is divine. This man, from his granite pedestal, will point out to all men the way of blessedness which he found; and ages hence, the cultivated traveler, passing by this spot, will say in his heart, "The truest vision ever had of God came, perhaps, here."

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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