Zitate von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Foto
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Geburtstag: 1. Juli 1646
Todesdatum: 14. November 1716

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz war ein deutscher Philosoph, Mathematiker, Diplomat, Historiker und politischer Berater der frühen Aufklärung. Er gilt als der universale Geist seiner Zeit und war einer der bedeutendsten Philosophen des ausgehenden 17. und beginnenden 18. Jahrhunderts sowie einer der wichtigsten Vordenker der Aufklärung. Leibniz sagte über sich selbst: „Beim Erwachen hatte ich schon so viele Einfälle, dass der Tag nicht ausreichte, um sie niederzuschreiben.“ Im 18. Jahrhundert wird er vielfach als Freiherr bezeichnet; doch bislang fehlt eine Beurkundung über eine Nobilitierung.

In frühen Schriften anderer Autoren wurde sein Nachname – analog zum demjenigen seines Vaters, Friedrich Leibnütz, und dessen väterlichen Vorfahren – auch „Leibnütz“, teils auch „Leibnitz“ geschrieben. Ab 1671 wählte er die Schreibweise „Leibnitz“ für seinen Familiennamen.

Zitate Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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„Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions. And supposing there were a machine, so constructed as to think, feel, and have perception, it might be conceived as increased in size, while keeping the same proportions, so that one might go into it as into a mill. That being so, we should, on examining its interior, find only parts which work one upon another, and never anything by which to explain a perception. Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for. La monadologie (17).

„Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions. And supposing there were a machine, so constructed as to think, feel, and have perception, it might be conceived as increased in size, while keeping the same proportions, so that one might go into it as into a mill. That being so, we should, on examining its interior, find only parts which work one upon another, and never anything by which to explain a perception. Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for. La monadologie (17).

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„TO LOVE is to find pleasure in the happiness of others.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: TO LOVE is to find pleasure in the happiness of others. Thus the habit of loving someone is nothing other than BENEVOLENCE by which we want the good of others, not for the profit that we gain from it, but because it is agreeable to us in itself. CHARITY is a general benevolence. And JUSTICE is charity in accordance with wisdom. … so that one does not do harm to someone without necessity, and that one does as much good as one can, but especially where it is best employed. "A Dialogue" (after 1695), as quoted in [http://books.google.com/books?id=oFoCY3xJ8nkC&dq The Shorter Leibniz Texts (2006)] edited by Lloyd H. Strickland, p. 170

„My philosophical views approach somewhat closely those of the late Countess of Conway“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: My philosophical views approach somewhat closely those of the late Countess of Conway, and hold a middle position between Plato and Democritus, because I hold that all things take place mechanically as Democritus and Descartes contend against the views of Henry More and his followers, and hold too, nevertheless, that everything takes place according to a living principle and according to final causes — all things are full of life and consciousness, contrary to the views of the Atomists. Letter to Thomas Burnet (1697), as quoted in Platonism, Aristotelianism and Cabalism in the Philosophy of Leibniz (1938) by Joseph Politella, p. 18

„De arte characteristica ad perficiendas scientias ratione nitentes in C. I. Gerhardt (ed.), Die philosophischen Schriften von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (7 vols. 1875–1890) VII 125.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
"[...] if controversies were to arise, there would be no more need of disputation between two philosophers than between two calculators. For it would suffice for them to take their pencils in their hands and to sit down at the abacus, and say to each other (and if they so wish also to a friend called to help): Let us calculate." The famous calculemus of Leibniz appears in several places of his writing; this is the most frequently quoted; variants are found in the Preface to his New Essays on Human Understanding, and in Dissertatio de Arte Combinatoria (1666). See R. Chrisley, Artificial Intelligence (2000), [https://books.google.ch/books?id=dLQ3bDy2tgYC&pg=PA14#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 14]; H. Busche, Leibniz' Weg ins perspektivische Universum (1997), [https://books.google.ch/books?id=xAI4Wtp0GBoC&pg=PA134&lpg=PA134 p. 134].

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„Why is there anything at all rather than nothing whatsoever?“

— Gottfried Leibniz
De rerum originatione radicali (1697); reprinted in [http://books.google.gr/books?id=Huv3Q0IimL0C&vq= God. Guil. Leibnitii Opera philosophica quae exstant latina, gallica, germanica omniaː 1] (1840), p. 148 Cf. Martin Heidegger, What is Metaphysics? (1929)ː "Warum ist überhaupt Seiendes und nicht vielmehr Nichts? Das ist die Frage."

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