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Giordano Bruno

Geburtstag: 1548
Todesdatum: 17. Februar 1600

Giordano Bruno war ein italienischer Priester, Dichter, Philosoph und Astronom. Er wurde durch die Inquisition der Ketzerei und Magie für schuldig befunden und vom Gouverneur von Rom zum Tod auf dem Scheiterhaufen verurteilt. Am 12. März 2000 erklärte Papst Johannes Paul II. nach Beratung mit dem päpstlichen Kulturrat und einer theologischen Kommission, die Hinrichtung sei nunmehr auch aus kirchlicher Sicht als Unrecht zu betrachten.

Photo: Unknown author / Public domain

„Wenn es nicht wahr ist, ist es doch gut erfunden.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Über die heroischen Leidenschaften II, 3. Bruno griff frühere Formulierungen des gleichen Gedankens auf, vgl. Büchmann: Geflügelte Worte. 19. Auflage. Berlin 1898, S. 466 S. 313 susning.nu http://www.susning.nu/buchmann/0347.html und Giuseppe Fumagalli: Chi l'ha detto? Tesoro di citazioni italiane e straniere, p. 491
(Original ital.: "Se non è vero, è molto ben trovato." - De gli eroici furori http://www.letteraturaitaliana.net/pdf/Volume_5/t113.pdf. Seconda parte. Dialogo terzo
"Fatti pure in lá; non mi toccar con essa: se non è vero, egli è stato un bel trovato." - Anton Francesco Doni (1513-1574): I Marmi (1552). Ragionamente quarto intratext.com http://www.intratext.com/IXT/ITA2868/_P7.HTM)
Über die heroischen Leidenschaften (1585)

„Die unzureichende Sinneswahrnehmung widerlegt die Unendlichkeit nicht.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Zwiegespräche vom unendlichen All und den Welten
Zwiegespräche vom unendlichen All und den Welten (1585)

„Wenn also Geist, Seele, Leben sich in allen Dingen vorfindet und in gewissen Abstufungen die ganze Materie erfüllt, so ist der Geist offenbar die wahre Wirklichkeit und die wahre Form aller Dinge. Die Weltseele ist also das constituierende Formalprincip des Universums und dessen, was es enthält; d. h. wenn das Leben sich in allen Dingen findet, so ist die Seele Form aller Dinge; sie ist überall die ordnende Macht für die Materie und herrscht in dem Zusammengesetzten; sie bewirkt die Zusammensetzung und den Zusammenhalt der Theile.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Von der Ursache, dem Prinzip und dem Einen, 2. Dialog http://www.zeno.org/nid/20009159371. Aus dem Italienischen von Adolf Lasson, Philosophische Bibliothek Band 21, Verlag Felix Meiner, 3. Auflage, Hamburg 1902, S. 39
"Se dunque il spirto, la anima, la vita si ritrova in tutte le cose e, secondo certi gradi, empie tutta la materia; viene certamente ad essere il vero atto e la vera forma de tutte le cose. L'anima, dunque, del mondo è il principio formale constitutivo de l'universo e di ciò che in quello si contiene. Dico che, se la vita si trova in tutte le cose, l'anima viene ad esser forma di tutte le cose: quella per tutto è presidente alla materia e signoreggia nelli composti, effettua la composizione e consistenzia de le parti." - De la causa, principio et uno (1584) pp. 244-5 modernsource.daphnet.org http://modernsource.daphnet.org/texts/Bruno/BruCausa,244%5B2%5Det245%5B1%5Det246%5B1%5D
Von der Ursache, dem Prinzip und dem Einen (1584)

„Der Schöpfer kann nichts anderes schaffen, als was er schaffen will; er will nichts anderes schaffen, als was er schafft; folglich kann er nichts anderes schaffen, als was er schafft. Wer also die Unendlichkeit der Schöpfung leugnet, leugnet das Unendlichsein des schaffenden Vermögens.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Vom Unendlichen, in Ludwig Kuhlenbeck (Hg.): Giordano Bruno. Gesammelte Werke in sechs Bänden, zit. n. Jochen Kirchhoff: Giordano Brunoin Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten. 4. Aufl. Reinbek bei Hamburg (Rowohlts Monographien 285) 1993, S. 84.
Vom Unendlichen

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„Es mag leicht sein, über den Beweisgang in der Wissenschaft Theorien aufzustellen; aber das Beweisen selbst ist schwer.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Von der Ursache, dem Prinzip und dem Einen, 2. Dialog http://www.zeno.org/nid/20009159371. Aus dem Italienischen von Adolf Lasson, Philosophische Bibliothek Band 21, Verlag Felix Meiner, 3. Auflage, Hamburg 1902.
Von der Ursache, dem Prinzip und dem Einen (1584)

„In it are an infinity of worlds of the same kind as our own.“

—  Giordano Bruno

<!-- V Singer p. 59 -->
On the Infinite Universe and Worlds (1584)
Kontext: It is then unnecessary to investigate whether there be beyond the heaven Space, Void or Time. For there is a single general space, a single vast immensity which we may freely call Void; in it are innumerable globes like this one on which we live and grow. This space we declare to be infinite, since neither reason, convenience, possibility, sense-perception nor nature assign to it a limit. In it are an infinity of worlds of the same kind as our own.

„Our philosophy… reduceth to a single origin and relateth to a single end, and maketh contraries to coincide so that there is one primal foundation both of origin and of end.“

—  Giordano Bruno

As translated by Dorothea Waley Singer (1950) <!-- p. 84 -->
De immenso (1591)
Kontext: Our philosophy… reduceth to a single origin and relateth to a single end, and maketh contraries to coincide so that there is one primal foundation both of origin and of end. From this coincidence of contraries, we deduce that ultimately it is divinely true that contraries are within contraries; wherefore it is not difficult to compass the knowledge that each thing is within every other.

„Heroic love is the property of those superior natures who are called insane (insano) not because they do not know (no sanno), but because they over-know (soprasanno).“

—  Giordano Bruno

As quoted in The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), by Miguel de Unamuno, as translated by J. E. Crawford Flitch; Conclusion : Don Quixote in the Contemporary European Tragi-Comedy
The Italian original is from Francesco de Sanctis, Storia della letteratura italiana, 1871/1890, p. 255 http://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Pagina:Storia_della_letteratura_italiana_II.djvu/267: "L'amore eroico è proprio delle nature superiori, dette insane, non perché non sanno, ma perché soprasanno..."
Disputed

„The universal Intellect is the intimate, most real, peculiar and powerful part of the soul of the world.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Cause, Principle, and Unity (1584)
Kontext: The universal Intellect is the intimate, most real, peculiar and powerful part of the soul of the world. This is the single whole which filleth the whole, illumineth the universe and directeth nature to the production of natural things, as our intellect with the congruous production of natural kinds.

„It does not grow corrupt. because there is nothing else into which it could change, given that it is itself all things.“

—  Giordano Bruno

As translated by Paul Harrison <!-- Fifth dialogue ?-->
Cause, Principle, and Unity (1584)
Kontext: The Universe is one, infinite, immobile. The absolute potential is one, the act is one, the form or soul is one, the material or body is one, the thing is one, the being in one, one is the maximum and the best... It is not generated, because there is no other being it could desire or hope for, since it comprises all being. It does not grow corrupt. because there is nothing else into which it could change, given that it is itself all things. It cannot diminish or grow, since it is infinite.

„What he was, he became through having liberated himself from certain false axioms of the common and vulgar philosophy — I will not say blindness.“

—  Giordano Bruno

Thoughts on Nicolaus Copernicus, as translated in Agnes Mary Clerke: Copernicus in Italy http://www.archive.org/stream/edinburghreview146londuoft#page/116/mode/2up
The Ash Wednesday Supper (1584)
Kontext: He was a man of grave and cultivated mind, of rapid and mature intelligence; inferior to no preceding astronomer, unless in order of succession and time; a man, who in natural ability was far superior to Ptolemy, Hipparchus, Eudoxus, and all those others who followed in their footsteps. What he was, he became through having liberated himself from certain false axioms of the common and vulgar philosophy — I will not say blindness. Nevertheless, he did not depart far from them; because, studying mathematics rather than Nature, he failed to penetrate and dig deep enough altogether to cut away the roots of incongruous and vain principles, and thus, removing perfectly all opposing difficulties, free himself and others from so many empty investigations into things obvious and unchangeable. In spite of all this, who can sufficiently praise the magnanimity of this German, who, having little regard to the foolish multitude, stood firm against the torrent of contrary opinion, and, although well-nigh unarmed with living arguments, resuming those rusty and neglected fragments which antiquity had transmitted to him, polished, repaired, and put them together with reasonings more mathematical than philosophical; and so rendered that cause formerly contemned and contemptible, honourable, estimable, more probable than its rival, and certainly convenient and expeditious for purposes of theory and calculation? Thus this Teuton, although with means insufficient to vanquish, overthrow, and suppress falsehood, as well as resist it, nevertheless resolutely determined in his own mind, and openly confessed this final and necessary conclusion : that it is more possible that this globe should move with regard to the universe, than that the innumerable multitude of bodies, many of which are known to be greater and more magnificent than our earth, should be compelled, in spite of Nature and reason, which, by means of motions evident to the senses, proclaim the contrary, to acknowledge this globe as the centre and base of their revolutions and influences. Who then will be so churlish and discourteous towards the efforts of this man, as to cover with oblivion all he has done, by being ordained of the Gods as an Aurora — which was to precede the rising of this Sun of the true, ancient philosophy, buried during so many centuries in the tenebrous caverns of blind, malignant, froward, envious ignorance; and, taking note only of what he failed to accomplish, rank him amongst the number of the herded multitude, which discourses, guides itself, precipitates to destruction, according to the oral sense of a brutal and ignoble belief, rather than amongst those who, by the use of right reason, have been able to rise up, and resume the true course under the faithful guidance of the eye of divine intelligence.

„Her beauty is not small, for the lord of all things taketh delight in her. Her I have loved and diligently sought from my youth up.“

—  Giordano Bruno

As quoted in Giordano Bruno : His Life and Thought (1950) by Dorothea Waley Singer http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/bruno03.htm#CH3
Kontext: If all things are in common among friends, the most precious is Wisdom. What can Juno give which thou canst not receive from Wisdom? What mayest thou admire in Venus which thou mayest not also contemplate in Wisdom? Her beauty is not small, for the lord of all things taketh delight in her. Her I have loved and diligently sought from my youth up.

„That I shall sink in death, I know must be;
But with that death of mine what life will die?“

—  Giordano Bruno

As quoted in "Giordano Bruno" by Thomas Davidson, in The Index Vol. VI. No. 36 (4 March 1886), p. 429
Kontext: That I shall sink in death, I know must be;
But with that death of mine what life will die? Across the air, I hear my heart's voice cry:
Where dost thou bear me reckless one? Descend!
Such rashness seldom ends but bitterly'
"Fear not the lofty fall" I answer "rend
With might the clouds, and be content to die,
If God such a glorious death for us intend."

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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