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Thomas Morus

Geburtstag: 7. Februar 1478
Todesdatum: 6. Juli 1535
Andere Namen: San Tommaso Moro

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Thomas Morus war ein englischer Staatsmann und humanistischer Autor. Er ist ein Heiliger und Märtyrer der römisch-katholischen Kirche und Patron der Regierenden und Politiker.

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Zitate Thomas Morus

„Wo findet sich mehr Gezänk als unter den Bettlern?“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 49. engl.: "Who quarrel more than beggars?"

„Wer sinnt wohl eifriger auf Umsturz als der, dem seine gegenwärtigen Lebensumstände so gar nicht gefallen können?“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 49. engl.: "who does more earnestly long for a change than he that is uneasy in his present circumstances?"

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„Warum sollten wir denn Bedenken haben, jene alte Methode der Bestrafung von Verbrechen für nützlich zu halten, die schon im Altertum die Römer verwandt haben? Sie pflegten nämlich die Schwerverbrecher zur Arbeit in Steinbrüchen und Erzgruben zu verurteilen.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 35. engl.: "why should we doubt but the way that was so long in use among the old Romans, who understood so well the arts of government, was very proper for their punishment? They condemned such as they found guilty of great crimes to work their whole lives in quarries, or to dig in mines with chains about them."

„Sorgt, dass nicht so viele vom Müßiggang leben!“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 31. engl.: "leave fewer occasions to idleness."

„Setzt Schranken gegen die Aufkäufe der reichen Besitzer und gegen die Freiheit gleichsam ihres Monopols!“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 31. engl.: "restrain those engrossings of the rich, that are as bad almost as monopolies."

„Ruft den Ackerbau wieder ins Leben, erneuert die Wollspinnerei; das gäbe ein recht ehrsames Geschäft, in dem sich mit Nutzen jeder Schwarm von Tagesdieben betätigen könnte, die bisher die Not zu Dieben gemacht hat.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 31. engl.: "Let agriculture be set up again, and the manufacture of the wool be regulated, that so there may be work found for those companies of idle people whom want forces to be thieves, or who now, being idle vagabonds or useless servants, will certainly grow thieves at last."

„Gott hat uns nicht nur das Recht auf das fremde, sondern sogar auf das eigene Leben genommen.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 33. "deus non alienae modo, uerum etiam suae cuique mortis ius ademerit," - Utopia. Liber I. Colloquium apud Cardinalem Ioannem Mortonum (la.wikisource) http://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Utopia/Liber_I/Colloquium_apud_Cardinalem_Ioannem_Mortonum engl.: "[...] for God having taken from us the right of disposing either of our own or of other people’s lives [...]

„Es ist ausgeschlossen, dass alle Verhältnisse gut sind, solange nicht alle Menschen gut sind, worauf wir ja wohl noch eine hübsche Reihe von Jahren werden warten müssen.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 52. engl.: "for, except all men were good, everything cannot be right, and that is a blessing that I do not at present hope to see."

„Ein Gewerbe ist allen Männern und Frauen gemeinsam: der Ackerbau; den versteht jeder. Darin werden alle von Kindheit an unterwiesen.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia. a.a.O., S. 69. engl.: "Agriculture is that which is so universally understood among them that no person, either man or woman, is ignorant of it; they are instructed in it from their childhood, [...]" - http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Utopia/Chapter_4

„Die Frauen sind ihren Männern, die Kinder den Eltern und so überhaupt die Jüngeren den Älteren untertan.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia (1516). Übersetzung von Gerhard Ritter. Reclam, Stuttgart 1964 u.ö., ISBN 3-15-000513-2, S. 77. engl.: "Wives serve their husbands, and children their parents, and always the younger serves the elder." - http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Utopia/Chapter_5

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„Und gewiß ist es ganz natürlich, daß einem jeden seine eigenen Einfälle zusagen. So findet der Rabe ebenso wie der Affe am eigenen Jungen seinen Gefallen.“

—  Thomas Morus, Utopia
Utopia engl.: "and, indeed, nature has so made us, that we all love to be flattered and to please ourselves with our own notions: the old crow loves his young, and the ape her cubs."

„Gerade den besten Gesetzen der Vorfahren geben wir leichten Herzens den Abschied.“

—  Thomas Morus
Utopia I. engl.: "But though they willingly let go all the good things that were among those of former ages, [...]"

„I think putting thieves to death is not lawful; and it is plain and obvious that it is absurd and of ill consequence to the commonwealth that a thief and a murderer should be equally punished“

—  Thomas More, Utopia
Utopia (1516), Context: I think putting thieves to death is not lawful; and it is plain and obvious that it is absurd and of ill consequence to the commonwealth that a thief and a murderer should be equally punished; for if a robber sees that his danger is the same if he is convicted of theft as if he were guilty of murder, this will naturally incite him to kill the person whom otherwise he would only have robbed; since, if the punishment is the same, there is more security, and less danger of discovery, when he that can best make it is put out of the way; so that terrifying thieves too much provokes them to cruelty. Ch. 1 : Discourses of Raphael Hythloday, of the Best State of a Commonwealth

„They have no lawyers among them, for they consider them as a sort of people whose profession it is to disguise matters and to wrest the laws, and, therefore, they think it is much better that every man should plead his own cause“

—  Thomas More, Utopia
Utopia (1516), Context: They have no lawyers among them, for they consider them as a sort of people whose profession it is to disguise matters and to wrest the laws, and, therefore, they think it is much better that every man should plead his own cause, and trust it to the judge, as in other places the client trusts it to a counsellor; by this means they both cut off many delays and find out truth more certainly; for after the parties have laid open the merits of the cause, without those artifices which lawyers are apt to suggest, the judge examines the whole matter, and supports the simplicity of such well-meaning persons, whom otherwise crafty men would be sure to run down; and thus they avoid those evils which appear very remarkably among all those nations that labour under a vast load of laws. Every one of them is skilled in their law; for, as it is a very short study, so the plainest meaning of which words are capable is always the sense of their laws; and they argue thus: all laws are promulgated for this end, that every man may know his duty; and, therefore, the plainest and most obvious sense of the words is that which ought to be put upon them, since a more refined exposition cannot be easily comprehended, and would only serve to make the laws become useless to the greater part of mankind, and especially to those who need most the direction of them; for it is all one not to make a law at all or to couch it in such terms that, without a quick apprehension and much study, a man cannot find out the true meaning of it, since the generality of mankind are both so dull, and so much employed in their several trades, that they have neither the leisure nor the capacity requisite for such an inquiry. Ch. 7 : Of Their Slaves, and of Their Marriages

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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