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Pythagoras

Geburtstag: 585 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 495 v.Chr
Andere Namen: Ze Samu Pýthagorás

Pythagoras von Samos war ein antiker griechischer Philosoph und Gründer einer einflussreichen religiös-philosophischen Bewegung. Als Vierzigjähriger verließ er seine griechische Heimat und wanderte nach Süditalien aus. Dort gründete er eine Schule und betätigte sich auch politisch. Trotz intensiver Bemühungen der Forschung gehört er noch heute zu den rätselhaftesten Persönlichkeiten der Antike. Manche Historiker zählen ihn zu den Pionieren der beginnenden griechischen Philosophie, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft, andere meinen, er sei vorwiegend oder ausschließlich ein Verkünder religiöser Lehren gewesen. Möglicherweise konnte er diese Bereiche verbinden. Die nach ihm benannten Pythagoreer blieben auch nach seinem Tod kulturgeschichtlich bedeutsam.

Zitate Pythagoras

„Im rechtwinkligen Dreieck ist die Summe der Kathetenquadrate gleich dem Hypotenusenquadrat.“

—  Pythagoras
Zugeschrieben, Satz des Pythagoras, zitiert in Thomas Benesch: Mathematik im Alltag, Verlag Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2008 ISBN 978-3-48658-390-8, S. 3, siehe auch www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de http://www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de/Verschie/Gut_Ref/Pythago/Pythagoras.html

„Alles, was der Mensch den Tieren antut, kommt auf den Menschen wieder zurück.“

—  Pythagoras
Zugeschrieben, vielfach zitiert von Tierschützern wie Tierschutzpartei http://www.tierschutzpartei-sachsen-anhalt.de/Zitate.htm oder Vegetarischen Vereinen http://krishna.ch/147.html

„Die Seele ist unsterblich und wechselt den Ort, indem sie von einer Art Lebewesen in eine andere übergeht.“

—  Pythagoras
Zugeschrieben, zitiert in Thomas Benesch: Mathematik im Alltag, Verlag Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2008 ISBN 978-3-48658-390-8, S. 5, siehe auch www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de http://www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de/Verschie/Gut_Ref/Pythago/Pythagoras.html

„Alles ist Zahl.“

—  Pythagoras
Zugeschrieben, häufig zitiert als Grundsatz der Pythagoreer; siehe z. B. Hermann S. Schibli: On ‚The One’ in Philolaus, Fragment 7, in: The Classical Quarterly 46, 1996, S. 114–130; Charles H. Kahn: Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans. A Brief History, Indianapolis 2001, S. 28; Leonid Zhmud: Wissenschaft, Philosophie und Religion im frühen Pythagoreismus, Berlin 1997, S. 60–64, 142–151, 261–279; Carl A. Huffman: Philolaus of Croton, Cambridge 1993, S. 57–64.

„Erkenntnisspendend ist die Natur der Zahl und führend und lehrend für jeden in jedem, was ihm zweifelhaft und unbekannt ist.“

—  Pythagoras
Zugeschrieben, nach Philolaos, Fragment B 11, zitiert in Oskar Becker: Das mathematische Denken der Antike, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1957, S. 12

„Wisdom thoroughly learned, will never be forgotten.“

—  Pythagoras
The Sayings of the Wise (1555), Context: Wisdom thoroughly learned, will never be forgotten. Science is got by diligence; but Discretion and Wisdom cometh of GOD. <!-- p. 128

„It is better wither to be silent, or to say things of more value than silence.“

—  Pythagoras
Context: It is better wither to be silent, or to say things of more value than silence. Sooner throw a pearl at hazard than an idle or useless word; and do not say a little in many words, but a great deal in a few. As quoted in A Dictionary of Thoughts: Being a Cyclopedia of Laconic Quotations from the Best Authors of the World, both Ancient and Modern (1908) by Tyron Edwards, p. 525

„There is no word or action but has its echo in Eternity.“

—  Pythagoras
Context: There is no word or action but has its echo in Eternity. Thought is an Idea in transit, which when once released, never can be lured back, nor the spoken word recalled. Nor ever can the overt act be erased All that thou thinkest, sayest, or doest bears perpetual record of itself, enduring for Eternity. As quoted in Pythagoron: The Religious, Moral, and Ethical Teachings of Pythagoras (1947) by Hobart Huson, p. 99

„Know that death comes to everyone, and that wealth will sometimes be acquired, sometimes lost.“

—  Pythagoras
The Golden Verses, Context: Know that death comes to everyone, and that wealth will sometimes be acquired, sometimes lost. Whatever griefs mortals suffer by divine chance, whatever destiny you have, endure it and do not complain. But it is right to improve it as much as you can, and remember this: Fate does not give very many of these griefs to good people. As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook. (1999)

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„None but a Craftsman can judge of a craft.“

—  Pythagoras
The Sayings of the Wise (1555), Context: None but a Craftsman can judge of a craft. <!-- p. 161

„Meditate upon my counsels; love them; follow them;
To the divine virtues will they know how to lead thee.“

—  Pythagoras
The Golden Verses, Context: Meditate upon my counsels; love them; follow them; To the divine virtues will they know how to lead thee. I swear it by the One who in our hearts engraved The sacred Tetrad, symbol immense and pure, Source of Nature and model of the Gods. As translated by Fabre d'Olivet

„Let not sleep fall upon thy eyes till thou has thrice reviewed the transactions of the past day.“

—  Pythagoras
The Golden Verses, Context: Let not sleep fall upon thy eyes till thou has thrice reviewed the transactions of the past day. Where have I turned aside from rectitude? What have I been doing? What have I left undone, which I ought to have done? Begin thus from the first act, and proceed; and, in conclusion, at the ill which thou hast done, be troubled, and rejoice for the good. As translated in The Rambler No. 8 http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=Joh1Ram.sgm&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=8&division=div1 (14 April 1750) by Samuel Johnson Let not sleep e'er close thy eyes Without thou ask thyself: What have I omitted and what done? Abstain thou if 'tis evil; persevere if good. As translated by Fabre d'Olivet Do not let sleep close your tired eyes until you have three times gone over the events of the day. 'What did I do wrong? What did I accomplish? What did I fail to do that I should have done?' Starting from the beginning, go through to the end. Then, reproach yourself for the things you did wrong, and take pleasure in the good things you did. As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook. (1999)

„Envy has been, is, and shall be, the destruction of many.“

—  Pythagoras
The Sayings of the Wise (1555), Context: Envy has been, is, and shall be, the destruction of many. What is there, that Envy hath not defamed, or Malice left undefiled? Truly, no good thing.

„Many words befall men, mean and noble alike; do not be astonished by them, nor allow yourself to be constrained.“

—  Pythagoras
The Golden Verses, Context: Many words befall men, mean and noble alike; do not be astonished by them, nor allow yourself to be constrained. If a lie is told, bear with it gently. But whatever I tell you, let it be done completely. Let no one persuade you by word or deed to do or say whatever is not best for you. As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook. (1999)

„It is better to suffer, than to do, wrong.“

—  Pythagoras
The Sayings of the Wise (1555), Context: It is better to suffer, than to do, wrong. <!-- p. 164

„You will know that wretched men are the cause of their own suffering, who neither see nor hear the good that is near them, and few are the ones who know how to secure release from their troubles.“

—  Pythagoras
The Golden Verses, Context: You will know that wretched men are the cause of their own suffering, who neither see nor hear the good that is near them, and few are the ones who know how to secure release from their troubles. Such is the fate that harms their minds; like pebbles they are tossed about from one thing to another with cares unceasing. For the dread companion Strife harms them unawares, whom one must not walk behind, but withdraw from and flee. As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook (1999)

„It is requisite to choose the most excellent life; for custom will make it pleasant.“

—  Pythagoras
Florilegium, Context: It is requisite to choose the most excellent life; for custom will make it pleasant. Wealth is an infirm anchor, glory is still more infirm; and in a similar manner, the body, dominion, and honour. For all these are imbecile and powerless. What then are powerful anchors. Prudence, magnanimity, fortitude. These no tempest can shake. This is the Law of God, that virtue is the only thing that is strong; and that every thing else is a trifle. "Pythagorean Ethical Sentences From Stobæus" (1904)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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