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Fidel Castro

Geburtstag: 13. August 1926
Todesdatum: 25. November 2016
Andere Namen: Castro,Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz,Ruz Fidel Alejandro Castro

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Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz [fiˈðel ˈkastɾo ˈrus ] ist ein kubanischer Revolutionär und Politiker spanischer Abstammung. Er war unter anderem Regierungschef, Staatspräsident und Vorsitzender der Kommunistischen Partei Kubas.

Castro war mit der Bewegung des 26. Juli die treibende Kraft der kubanischen Revolution gegen den Diktator Batista 1959.

Mit insgesamt 49 Jahren war Castro der am längsten regierende nichtmonarchische Herrscher des 20. und beginnenden 21. Jahrhunderts.

Zitate Fidel Castro

„Ich glaube weiterhin fest daran, dass eine bessere Welt möglich ist.“

— Fidel Castro
aus einer Botschaft an das mexikanische Volk am 26. Mai 2004, kuba-info. org

„Das erste was Diktatoren tun, ist die freie Presse abzuschaffen und die Zensur einzuführen. Es gibt keinen Zweifel, dass die freie Presse der erste Feind der Diktaturen ist.“

— Fidel Castro
Rede in Washington am 17. April 1959 vor der American Society of Newspaper Editors, auf deren Einladung er sich auf USA-Reise befand (eigene Übersetzung aus dem spanischen Original)

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„Wenn dieser Krieg zu Ende ist, beginnt für mich ein viel längerer und größerer Krieg: der, den ich gegen sie [die Amerikaner] führen werde. Ich sehe, dass darin meine wahre Bestimmung liegt.“

— Fidel Castro
aus einem Brief an seine Vertraute Celia Sánchez vom 5. Juni 1958, während der von den USA unterstützten Großoffensive des Batista-Regimes gegen die Rebellenarmee; zitiert nach Norberto Fuentes, Die Autobiographie des Fidel Castro, C. H. Beck 2006. S. 436/437 Google Books Aus dem Spanischen von Thomas Schultz

„Ich sterbe fast jeden Tag. Das macht mir viel Spaß und ich fühle mich dadurch nur gesünder.“

— Fidel Castro
zu den ständigen Gerüchten über seinen Tod, Rheinische Post, 22. Juli 2006, S. 1

„Verurteilt mich; das hat nichts zu bedeuten; die Geschichte wird mich freisprechen.“

— Fidel Castro
Das Schlusswort im Moncada-Prozess im Oktober 1953 Fidel Castro Archiv

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„After a week, I decided religion wasn't for me.“

— Fidel Castro
Context: When I was a young boy, my father taught me that to be a good Catholic, I had to confess at church if I ever had impure thoughts about a girl. That very evening, I had to rush to confess my sin. And the next night, and the next. After a week, I decided religion wasn't for me. As quoted in The Atheist's Bible (2007) edited by Joan Konner, p. 62

„Man is born egotistical, a result of the conditioning of nature. Nature fills us with instincts; it is education that fills us with virtues.“

— Fidel Castro
Context: Man is born egotistical, a result of the conditioning of nature. Nature fills us with instincts; it is education that fills us with virtues. Nature makes us do things instinctively; one of these is the instinct for survival which can lead to infamy, while on the other side, our conscience can lead us to great acts of heroism. It doesn’t matter what each one of us is like, how different we are from each other, but when we unite we become one. It is amazing that in spite of the differences between human beings, they can become as one in a single instant or they can be millions, and they can be a million strong just through their ideas. Nobody followed the Revolution as a cult to anyone or because they felt personal sympathy with any one person. It is only by embracing certain values and ideas that an entire people can develop the same willingness to make sacrifices of any one of those who loyally and sincerely try to lead them toward their destiny.

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„Here is a conclusion I’ve come to after many years: among all the errors we may have committed, the greatest of them all was that we believed that someone really knew something about socialism, or that someone actually knew how to build socialism.“

— Fidel Castro
Context: Here is a conclusion I’ve come to after many years: among all the errors we may have committed, the greatest of them all was that we believed that someone really knew something about socialism, or that someone actually knew how to build socialism. It seemed to be a sure fact, as well-known as the electrical system conceived by those who thought they were experts in electrical systems. Whenever they said: “That’s the formula”, we thought they knew. Just as if someone is a physician. You are not going to debate anemia, or intestinal problems, or any other condition with a physician; nobody argues with the physician. You can think that he is a good doctor or a bad one, you can follow his advice or not, but you won’t argue with him. Which of us would argue with a doctor, or a mathematician, or a historian, or an expert in literature or in any other subject? But we must be idiots if we think, for example, that economy is an exact and eternal science and that it existed since the days of Adam and Eve, and I offer my apologies to the thousands of economists in our country.

„Capitalism—and I say it with such gusto—capitalism is so obsolete that it is dying by itself.“

— Fidel Castro
Context: Let us yield a bit. Let us grant socialism a few more years. Socialism is so obsolete, it is dying by itself.… Did I say socialism? I assure you on my honor this was not a mental slip. This was a slip of the tongue. Do not forget that. Capitalism—and I say it with such gusto—capitalism is so obsolete that it is dying by itself. [http://info.lanic.utexas.edu/la/cb/cuba/castro/1985/19850915 Comments on Latin American Debt (15 September 1985)]

„It is amazing that in spite of the differences between human beings, they can become as one in a single instant or they can be millions, and they can be a million strong just through their ideas.“

— Fidel Castro
Context: Man is born egotistical, a result of the conditioning of nature. Nature fills us with instincts; it is education that fills us with virtues. Nature makes us do things instinctively; one of these is the instinct for survival which can lead to infamy, while on the other side, our conscience can lead us to great acts of heroism. It doesn’t matter what each one of us is like, how different we are from each other, but when we unite we become one. It is amazing that in spite of the differences between human beings, they can become as one in a single instant or they can be millions, and they can be a million strong just through their ideas. Nobody followed the Revolution as a cult to anyone or because they felt personal sympathy with any one person. It is only by embracing certain values and ideas that an entire people can develop the same willingness to make sacrifices of any one of those who loyally and sincerely try to lead them toward their destiny.

„Revolution is the sense of the historical moment; it is changing everything that must be changed“

— Fidel Castro
Context: Revolution is the sense of the historical moment; it is changing everything that must be changed; it is full equality and freedom; it is being treated and treating others like human beings; it is emancipating ourselves, by ourselves and with our very own efforts; it is challenging the dominant powerful forces within and outside of the social and national arena; it is defending the values one believes in at the cost of any sacrifice; it is modesty, selflessness, altruism, solidarity and heroism; it is fighting with audacity, intelligence and realism; it is never telling a lie or violating ethical principles; it is the profound conviction that there is no force on earth that can crush truth and ideas. Revolution is unity, it is independence, it is fighting for our dreams of justice for Cuba and the world that is the basis of our patriotism, our socialism and our internationalism. As quoted in [http://www.fidelcastro.cu/en/discursos/speech-mass-rally-called-cuban-youths-students-and-workers-revolution-square-occasion Speech by Dr. Fidel Castro Ruz, President of the Republic of Cuba, at the mass rally called by the Cuban youths, students and workers on the occasion of the International Labor Day at the Revolution Square] (May 1, 2000)

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