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Michail Gorbatschow

Geburtstag: 2. März 1931
Andere Namen: Michail Gorbačov

Michail Sergejewitsch Gorbatschow ist ein russischer Politiker. Er war von März 1985 bis August 1991 Generalsekretär des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei der Sowjetunion und von März 1990 bis Dezember 1991 Staatspräsident der Sowjetunion. Neue Akzente in der sowjetischen Politik setzte er mit Glasnost und Perestroika . In Abrüstungsverhandlungen mit den USA leitete er das Ende des Kalten Krieges ein. Er erhielt 1990 den Friedensnobelpreis.

„Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Leben.“

—  Michail Gorbatschow

eigentlich "Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren." in einer spontanen Erklärung gegenüber der ARD am 6. Oktober 1989 in Ost-Berlin, nach Ulla Plog: „Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Leben“, FAZ, 6. Oktober 2004 faz.net http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html). Vollständige Fassung: "Ich glaube, Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren. Und wer die vom Leben ausgehenden Impulse - die von der Gesellschaft ausgehenden Impulse aufgreift und dementsprechend seine Politik gestaltet, der dürfte keine Schwierigkeiten haben, das ist eine normale Erscheinung." (protokolliert nach Video "Fünf Wochen im Herbst. Protokoll einer deutschen Revolution", Spiegel-TV 1990).
auch "Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren", in der Rede Gorbatschows vor dem Politbüro der DDR am 7. Oktober 1989, faz.net, gleiche Quelle http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html
Laut seinen Memoiren will Gorbatschow am 7. Oktober 1989 Honecker in einem Vieraugengespräch gesagt haben: "Das Leben verlangt mutige Entscheidungen. Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Leben." ( Stimmt’s? : Gorbis Warnung DIE ZEIT 41/1999 http://www.zeit.de/stimmts/1999/199941_stimmts_gorbatsc)
Vorlage für das fälschlich zugeschriebene Zitat war "Those who are late will be punished by life itself." als zusammenfassendes Zitat von Gennadi Gerassimow nach der Rede Gorbatschows auf einer spontanen Pressekonferenz, faz.net, gleiche Quelle http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html
Fälschlich zugeschrieben

„Ich glaube, Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren.“

—  Michail Gorbatschow

zitiert in der Zeit, 1999, zeit.de http://www.zeit.de/1999/41/199941.stimmts_gorbatsc.xml und der FAZ, 6. Oktober 2004, faz.net http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html.
Vollständige Fassung: "Ich glaube, Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren. Und wer die vom Leben ausgehenden Impulse - die von der Gesellschaft ausgehenden Impulse aufgreift und dementsprechend seine Politik gestaltet, der dürfte keine Schwierigkeiten haben, das ist eine normale Erscheinung." - Video "Fünf Wochen im Herbst. Protokoll einer deutschen Revolution", Spiegel-TV 1990.

„Nicht die Perestroika hat die Sowjetunion zerstört, sondern ihre Gegner.“

—  Michail Gorbatschow

Internetzeitschrift, aktuell.ru http://www.aktuell.ru/russland/kommentar/gorbatschow_perestroika_ist_auch_heute_aktuell_195.html, 24. März 2005

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„During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society. But when society was given freedom it could not recognize itself, for it had lived too long, as it were, "beyond the looking glass". Contradictions and vices rose to the surface, and even blood has been shed, although we have been able to avoid a bloodbath. The logic of reform has clashed with the logic of rejection, and with the logic of impatience which breeds intolerance.

„We are witnessing most profound social change.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Speech to the UN General Assembly (7 December 1988)
Kontext: We are witnessing most profound social change. Whether in the East or the South, the West or the North, hundreds of millions of people, new nations and states, new public movements and ideologies have moved to the forefront of history. Broad-based and frequently turbulent popular movements have given expression, in a multidimensional and contradictory way, to a longing for independence, democracy and social justice. The idea of democratizing the entire world order has become a powerful socio-political force. At the same time, the scientific and technological revolution has turned many economic, food, energy, environmental, information and population problems, which only recently we treated as national or regional ones, into global problems. Thanks to the advances in mass media and means of transportation, the world seems to have become more visible and tangible. International communication has become easier than ever before.

„Certain people in the United States are driving nails into this structure of our relationship, then cutting off the heads.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

As quoted in TIME magazine (9 September 1985)
Kontext: Certain people in the United States are driving nails into this structure of our relationship, then cutting off the heads. So the Soviets must use their teeth to pull them out.

„I believe in the cosmos. All of us are linked to the cosmos.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

"Nature Is My God" - interview with Fred Matser in Resurgence No. 184 (September-October 1997)
Kontext: I believe in the cosmos. All of us are linked to the cosmos. Look at the sun. If there is no sun, then we cannot exist. So nature is my god. To me, nature is sacred. Trees are my temples and forests are my cathedrals.

„There is a growing will to achieve consensus, and a growing understanding that we have a State, a country, a common life. This is what must be preserved first of all.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: After a time of rampant separatism and euphoria, when almost every village proclaimed sovereignty, a centripetal force is beginning to gather momentum, based on a more sensible view of existing realities and the risks involved. And this is what counts most now. There is a growing will to achieve consensus, and a growing understanding that we have a State, a country, a common life. This is what must be preserved first of all.

„In our times, good relations benefit all. Any worsening of relations anywhere is a common loss.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: The new integrity of the world, in our view, can be built only on the principles of the freedom of choice and balance of interests. Every State, and now also a number of existing or emerging regional interstate groups, have their own interests. They are all equal and deserve respect.
We consider it dangerously outdated when suspicions are aroused by, for instance, improved Soviet-Chinese or Soviet-German, German-French, Soviet- US or US-Indian relations, etc. In our times, good relations benefit all. Any worsening of relations anywhere is a common loss.

„Being resolute today means to act within the framework of political and social pluralism and the rule of law to provide conditions for continued reform and prevent a breakdown of the state and economic collapse, prevent the elements of chaos from becoming catastrophic.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: Being resolute today means to act within the framework of political and social pluralism and the rule of law to provide conditions for continued reform and prevent a breakdown of the state and economic collapse, prevent the elements of chaos from becoming catastrophic.
All this requires taking certain tactical steps, to search for various ways of addressing both short- and long-term tasks. Such efforts and political and economic steps, agreements based on reasonable compromise, are there for everyone to see.

„We have retreated from the perennial values. I don't think that we need any new values. The most important thing is to try to revive the universally known values from which we have retreated.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

"Nature Is My God" - interview with Fred Matser in Resurgence No. 184 (September-October 1997) http://www.resurgence.org/resurgence/184/gorbachev.htm
Kontext: We have retreated from the perennial values. I don't think that we need any new values. The most important thing is to try to revive the universally known values from which we have retreated.
As a young man, I really took to heart the Communist ideals. A young soul certainly cannot reject things like justice and equality. These were the goals proclaimed by the Communists. But in reality that terrible Communist experiment brought about repression of human dignity. Violence was used in order to impose that model on society. In the name of Communism we abandoned basic human values. So when I came to power in Russia I started to restore those values; values of "openness" and freedom.

„All members of the world community should resolutely discard old stereotypes and motivations nurtured by the Cold War, and give up the habit of seeking each other's weak spots and exploiting them in their own interests.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: All members of the world community should resolutely discard old stereotypes and motivations nurtured by the Cold War, and give up the habit of seeking each other's weak spots and exploiting them in their own interests. We have to respect the peculiarities and differences which will always exist, even when human rights and freedoms are observed throughout the world. I keep repeating that with the end of confrontation differences can be made a source of healthy competition, an important factor for progress. This is an incentive to study each other, to engage in exchanges, a prerequisite for the growth of mutual trust.
For knowledge and trust are the foundations of a new world order.

„No one is in a position to describe in detail what perestroika will finally produce. But it would certainly be a self-delusion to expect that perestroika will produce "a copy" of anything.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: I began my book about perestroika and the new thinking with the following words: "We want to be understood". After a while I felt that it was already happening. But now I would like once again to repeat those words here, from this world rostrum. Because to understand us really — to understand so as to believe us — proved to be not at all easy, owing to the immensity of the changes under way in our country. Their magnitude and character are such as to require in-depth analysis. Applying conventional wisdom to perestroika is unproductive. It is also futile and dangerous to set conditions, to say: We'll understand and believe you, as soon as you, the Soviet Union, come completely to resemble "us", the West.
No one is in a position to describe in detail what perestroika will finally produce. But it would certainly be a self-delusion to expect that perestroika will produce "a copy" of anything.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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