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Michail Gorbatschow

Geburtstag: 2. März 1931
Andere Namen: Michail Gorbačov

Michail Sergejewitsch Gorbatschow ist ein russischer Politiker. Er war von März 1985 bis August 1991 Generalsekretär des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei der Sowjetunion und von März 1990 bis Dezember 1991 Staatspräsident der Sowjetunion. Neue Akzente in der sowjetischen Politik setzte er mit Glasnost und Perestroika . In Abrüstungsverhandlungen mit den USA leitete er das Ende des Kalten Krieges ein. Er erhielt 1990 den Friedensnobelpreis. Wikipedia

„Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Leben.“

—  Michail Gorbatschow

eigentlich "Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren." in einer spontanen Erklärung gegenüber der ARD am 6. Oktober 1989 in Ost-Berlin, nach Ulla Plog: „Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Leben“, FAZ, 6. Oktober 2004 faz.net http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html). Vollständige Fassung: "Ich glaube, Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren. Und wer die vom Leben ausgehenden Impulse - die von der Gesellschaft ausgehenden Impulse aufgreift und dementsprechend seine Politik gestaltet, der dürfte keine Schwierigkeiten haben, das ist eine normale Erscheinung." (protokolliert nach Video "Fünf Wochen im Herbst. Protokoll einer deutschen Revolution", Spiegel-TV 1990).
auch "Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren", in der Rede Gorbatschows vor dem Politbüro der DDR am 7. Oktober 1989, faz.net, gleiche Quelle http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html
Laut seinen Memoiren will Gorbatschow am 7. Oktober 1989 Honecker in einem Vieraugengespräch gesagt haben: "Das Leben verlangt mutige Entscheidungen. Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Leben." ( Stimmt’s? : Gorbis Warnung DIE ZEIT 41/1999 http://www.zeit.de/stimmts/1999/199941_stimmts_gorbatsc)
Vorlage für das fälschlich zugeschriebene Zitat war "Those who are late will be punished by life itself." als zusammenfassendes Zitat von Gennadi Gerassimow nach der Rede Gorbatschows auf einer spontanen Pressekonferenz, faz.net, gleiche Quelle http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html
Fälschlich zugeschrieben

„Ich glaube, Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren.“

—  Michail Gorbatschow

zitiert in der Zeit, 1999, zeit.de http://www.zeit.de/1999/41/199941.stimmts_gorbatsc.xml und der FAZ, 6. Oktober 2004, faz.net http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~E02352E0E964A46D5A566C561B7470187~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html.
Vollständige Fassung: "Ich glaube, Gefahren warten nur auf jene, die nicht auf das Leben reagieren. Und wer die vom Leben ausgehenden Impulse - die von der Gesellschaft ausgehenden Impulse aufgreift und dementsprechend seine Politik gestaltet, der dürfte keine Schwierigkeiten haben, das ist eine normale Erscheinung." - Video "Fünf Wochen im Herbst. Protokoll einer deutschen Revolution", Spiegel-TV 1990.

„Nicht die Perestroika hat die Sowjetunion zerstört, sondern ihre Gegner.“

—  Michail Gorbatschow

Internetzeitschrift, aktuell.ru http://www.aktuell.ru/russland/kommentar/gorbatschow_perestroika_ist_auch_heute_aktuell_195.html, 24. März 2005

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„During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society. But when society was given freedom it could not recognize itself, for it had lived too long, as it were, "beyond the looking glass". Contradictions and vices rose to the surface, and even blood has been shed, although we have been able to avoid a bloodbath. The logic of reform has clashed with the logic of rejection, and with the logic of impatience which breeds intolerance.

„This understanding is embodied in the canons of world religions and in the works of philosophers from antiquity to our time.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: Preparing for my address I found in an old Russian encyclopedia a definition of "peace" as a "commune" — the traditional cell of Russian peasant life. I saw in that definition the people's profound understanding of peace as harmony, concord, mutual help, and cooperation.
This understanding is embodied in the canons of world religions and in the works of philosophers from antiquity to our time.

„We had 10 years after the Cold War to build a new world order and yet we squandered them.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

As quoted in an interview with The London Daily Telegraph (7 May 2008) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/1933223/Gorbachev-US-could-start-new-Cold-War.html
Kontext: We had 10 years after the Cold War to build a new world order and yet we squandered them. The United States cannot tolerate anyone acting independently. Every US president has to have a war.

„Never before has the idea that peace is indivisible been so true as it is now.
Peace is not unity in similarity but unity in diversity, in the comparison and conciliation of differences.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: Today, peace means the ascent from simple coexistence to cooperation and common creativity among countries and nations.
Peace is movement towards globality and universality of civilization. Never before has the idea that peace is indivisible been so true as it is now.
Peace is not unity in similarity but unity in diversity, in the comparison and conciliation of differences.
And, ideally, peace means the absence of violence. It is an ethical value.

„The new integrity of the world, in our view, can be built only on the principles of the freedom of choice and balance of interests.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: The new integrity of the world, in our view, can be built only on the principles of the freedom of choice and balance of interests. Every State, and now also a number of existing or emerging regional interstate groups, have their own interests. They are all equal and deserve respect.
We consider it dangerously outdated when suspicions are aroused by, for instance, improved Soviet-Chinese or Soviet-German, German-French, Soviet- US or US-Indian relations, etc. In our times, good relations benefit all. Any worsening of relations anywhere is a common loss.

„Progress towards the civilization of the 21st century will certainly not be simple or easy.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: Progress towards the civilization of the 21st century will certainly not be simple or easy. One cannot get rid overnight of the heavy legacy of the past or the dangers created in the post-war years. We are experiencing a turning point in international affairs and are only at the beginning of a new, and I hope mostly peaceful, lengthy period in the history of civilization.
With less East-West confrontation, or even none at all, old contradictions resurface, which seemed of secondary importance compared to the threat of nuclear war. The melting ice of the Cold War reveals old conflicts and claims, and entirely new problems accumulate rapidly.

„Life is much richer and more complex than even the most perfect plans to make it better. It ultimately takes vengeance for attempts to impose abstract schemes, even with the best of intentions.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: I see the decision to award me the Nobel Peace Prize also as an act of solidarity with the monumental undertaking which has already placed enormous demands on the Soviet people in terms of efforts, costs, hardships, willpower, and character. And solidarity is a universal value which is becoming indispensable for progress and for the survival of humankind.
But a modern state has to be worthy of solidarity, in other words, it should pursue, in both domestic and international affairs, policies that bring together the interests of its people and those of the world community. This task, however obvious, is not a simple one. Life is much richer and more complex than even the most perfect plans to make it better. It ultimately takes vengeance for attempts to impose abstract schemes, even with the best of intentions. Perestroika has made us understand this about our past, and the actual experience of recent years has taught us to reckon with the most general laws of civilization.

„Today, peace means the ascent from simple coexistence to cooperation and common creativity among countries and nations.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Kontext: Today, peace means the ascent from simple coexistence to cooperation and common creativity among countries and nations.
Peace is movement towards globality and universality of civilization. Never before has the idea that peace is indivisible been so true as it is now.
Peace is not unity in similarity but unity in diversity, in the comparison and conciliation of differences.
And, ideally, peace means the absence of violence. It is an ethical value.

„In the name of Communism we abandoned basic human values. So when I came to power in Russia I started to restore those values; values of "openness" and freedom.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

"Nature Is My God" - interview with Fred Matser in Resurgence No. 184 (September-October 1997) http://www.resurgence.org/resurgence/184/gorbachev.htm
Kontext: We have retreated from the perennial values. I don't think that we need any new values. The most important thing is to try to revive the universally known values from which we have retreated.
As a young man, I really took to heart the Communist ideals. A young soul certainly cannot reject things like justice and equality. These were the goals proclaimed by the Communists. But in reality that terrible Communist experiment brought about repression of human dignity. Violence was used in order to impose that model on society. In the name of Communism we abandoned basic human values. So when I came to power in Russia I started to restore those values; values of "openness" and freedom.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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