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Vegetius

Todesdatum: 450
Andere Namen: Flavius Vegetius Renatus, Флавий Вегеций Ренат

Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus war ein Kriegstheoretiker des ausgehenden 4. Jahrhunderts. Von seinem Leben, seinem Werdegang und seinen militärischen Erfahrungen ist wenig bekannt. In antiken Quellen wird er vir illustris und comes genannt. Demnach gehörte er der hohen römischen Reichsaristokratie an und war Angehöriger des Kaiserhofes. In der Vorrede seines Hauptwerks bezeichnet er sich als Christ.

Werk

„Wer den Frieden wünscht, bereite den Krieg vor.“

—  Vegetius, buch De re militari

Epitoma rei militaris, III, Vorwort
Original lat.: "Qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum."
bekannt geworden in der Form "Si vis pacem, para bellum!" ("Wenn du Frieden willst, rüste zum Krieg!")

„Die Straße, auf der die Feinde fliehen, muss man bahnen.“

—  Vegetius, buch De re militari

Epitoma rei militaris, III, Kap. 21, nach Scipio
Original lat.: "viam hostibus, qua fugerent, muniendam."

„The courage of a soldier is heightened by his knowledge of his profession,“
Scientia enim rei bellicae dimicandi nutrit audaciam: nemo facere metuit quod se bene didicisse confidit.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book I, "The Selection and Training of New Levies"
Kontext: The courage of a soldier is heightened by his knowledge of his profession, and he only wants an opportunity to execute what he is convinced he has been perfectly taught. (Book 1)

„We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war.“
Nulla enim alia re uidemus populum Romanum orbem subegisse terrarum nisi armorum exercitio, disciplina castrorum usuque militiae.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book I, "The Selection and Training of New Levies"
Kontext: Victory in war does not depend entirely upon numbers or mere courage; only skill and discipline will insure it. We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war. Without these, what chance would the inconsiderable numbers of the Roman armies have had against the multitudes of the Gauls? Or with what success would their small size have been opposed to the prodigious stature of the Germans? The Spaniards surpassed us not only in numbers, but in physical strength. We were always inferior to the Africans in wealth and unequal to them in deception and stratagem. And the Greeks, indisputably, were far superior to us in skill in arts and all kinds of knowledge. (Book 1)

„Good officers never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity.“
Boni duces publico certamine numquam nisi ex occasione aut nimia necessitate confligunt.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"
Kontext: Punishment, and fear thereof, are necessary to keep soldiers in order in quarters; but in the field they are more influenced by hope and rewards. Good officers never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity. (General Maxims)

„Consult with many on proper measures to be taken, but communicate the plans you intend to put in execution to few, and those only of the most assured fidelity; or rather trust no one but yourself.“
Quid fieri debeat, tractato cum multis, quid uero facturus sis, cum paucissimis ac fidelissimis uel potius ipse tecum.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"
Kontext: On finding the enemy has notice of your designs, you must immediately alter your plan of operations. Consult with many on proper measures to be taken, but communicate the plans you intend to put in execution to few, and those only of the most assured fidelity; or rather trust no one but yourself. (General Maxims)

„A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor; on the contrary a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal.“
Caesa enim, quouis impetu ueniat, non frequenter interficit, cum et armis uitalia defendantur et ossibus; at contra puncta duas uncias adacta mortalis est.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

Book 1
De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book I, "The Selection and Training of New Levies"

„A handful of men, inured to war, proceed to certain victory, while on the contrary numerous armies of raw and undisciplined troops are but multitudes of men dragged to slaughter.“
Etenim in certamine bellorum exercitata paucitas ad uictoriam promptior est, rudis et indocta multitudo exposita semper ad caedem.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

Book 1
De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book I, "The Selection and Training of New Levies"

„Those designs are best which the enemy are entirely ignorant of till the moment of execution.“
Nulla consilia meliora sunt nisi illa, quae ignorauerit aduersarius, antequam facias.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"
Kontext: It is much better to overcome the enemy by famine, surprise or terror than by general actions, for in the latter instance fortune has often a greater share than valour. Those designs are best which the enemy are entirely ignorant of till the moment of execution. Opportunity in war is often more to be depended on than courage. (General Maxims)

„It is the nature of war that what is beneficial to you is detrimental to the enemy and what is of service to him always hurts you.“
In omnibus proeliis expeditionis condicio talis est, ut quod tibi prodest aduersarium noceat, quod illum adiuuat tibi semper officiat.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"
Kontext: It is the nature of war that what is beneficial to you is detrimental to the enemy and what is of service to him always hurts you. It is therefore a maxim never to do, or to omit doing, anything as a consequence of his actions, but to consult invariably your own interest only. And you depart from this interest whenever you imitate such measures as he pursues for his benefit. For the same reason, it would be wrong for him to follow such steps as you take for your advantage. (General Maxims)

„Troops are not to be led to battle unless confident of success.“
Numquam ad certamen publicum produxeris militem, nisi cum eum uideris sperare uictoriam.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"
Kontext: An army is strengthened by labor and enervated by idleness. Troops are not to be led to battle unless confident of success. (General Maxims)

„An army unsupplied with grain and other necessary provisions will be vanquished without striking a blow.“
Qui frumentum necessariaque non praeparat, uincitur sine ferro.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

General Maxims
De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"

„What can a soldier do who charges when out of breath?“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"

„He, therefore, who desires peace, should prepare for war. He who aspires to victory, should spare no pains to form his soldiers. And he who hopes for success, should fight on principle, not chance. (Book 3, Foreword)“
Igitur qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum; qui uictoriam cupit, milites inbuat diligenter; qui secundos optat euentus, dimicet arte, non casu.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"
Variante: Si vis pacem para bellum. ("If you want peace, prepare for war.")

„Paucos uiros fortes natura procreat; bona institutione plures reddit industria.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

Few men are born brave; many become so through care and force of discipline. (General Maxims)
De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"

„An adversary is more hurt by desertion than by slaughter. (General Maxims)“
aduersarium amplius frangunt transfugae quam perempti.

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"

„An ambuscade, if discovered and promptly surrounded, will return the intended mischief with interest.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, buch De re militari

De Re Militari (also Epitoma Rei Militaris), Book III, "Dispositions for Action"

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