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Sallust

Geburtstag: 1. Oktober 86 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 34 v.Chr

Gaius Sallustius Crispus war ein römischer Geschichtsschreiber und Politiker.

„Dasselbe zu wollen und dasselbe nicht zu wollen, gerade darin liegt beständige Freundschaft.“

—  Sallust

Der Catilinarische Krieg, 20; Rede des Catilina
Original lat.: "Idem velle atque idem nolle, ea demum firma amicitia est."

„Es bedarf nur eines Anfangs, dann erledigt sich das Übrige.“

—  Sallust

Der Catilinarische Krieg, 20; Rede des Catilina
Original lat.: "Tantummodo incepto opus est, cetera res expediet."

„Ungestraft zu tun, was beliebt, heißt König sein.“

—  Sallust

Der Jugurthinische Krieg, 31
Original lat.: "Nam impune quae libet facere, id est regem esse."

„Bevor man beginnt, bedarf es der Überlegung und, sobald man überlegt hat, rechtzeitiger Ausführung.“

—  Sallust

Der Catilinarische Krieg, 1
Original lat.: "Prius quam incipias, consulto et, ubi consulueris, mature facto opus est."

„Durch Eintracht wächst das Kleine, durch Zwietracht zerfällt das Große.“

—  Sallust

Der Jugurthinische Krieg X,6
Original lat.: Nam concordia parvae res crescunt, discordia maximae dilabuntur."

„Der eine bedarf der Hilfe des anderen.“

—  Sallust

Der Catilinarische Krieg, 1
Original lat.: "Alterum alterius auxilio eget."

„Plenty of eloquence, not enough wisdom“

—  Sallust

said of Catiline
Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC)
Original: (la) Satis eloquentiae, sapientiae parum.

„As the blessings of health and fortune have a beginning, so they must also find an end.“

—  Sallust

As quoted in The Cyclopaedia of Practical Quotations: English and Latin (1894) edited by J. K. Hoyt and Anna L. Ward, p. 508
Kontext: As the blessings of health and fortune have a beginning, so they must also find an end. Everything rises but to fall, and increases but to decay.

„Yet many human beings, resigned to sensuality and indolence, un-instructed and unimproved, have passed through life like travellers in a strange country.“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) Sed multi mortales dediti ventri atque somno, indocti incultique vitam sicuti peregrinantes transiere.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter II

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„All our power lies in both mind and body; we employ the mind to rule, the body rather to serve; the one we have in common with the Gods, the other with the brutes.“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) Sed nostra omnis vis in animo et corpore sita est; animi imperio, corporis servitio magis utimur; alterum nobis cum dis, alterum cum beluis commune est.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter I

„But at power or wealth, for the sake of which wars, and all kinds of strife, arise among mankind, we do not aim; we desire only our liberty, which no honorable man relinquishes but with his life.“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) At nos non imperium neque divitias petimus, quarum rerum causa bella atque certamina omnia inter mortales sunt, sed libertatem, quam nemo bonus nisi cum anima simul amittit.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter XXXIII, section 5

„For to like the same things and to dislike the same things, only this is a strong friendship.“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) Nam idem velle atque idem nolle, ea demum firma amicitia est.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter XX, 4; quoting Catiline

„Is it not better to die in a glorious attempt, than, after having been the sport of other men's insolence, to resign a wretched and degraded existence with ignominy?“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) Nonne emori per virtutem praestat quam vitam miseram atque inhonestam, ubi alienae superbiae ludibrio fueris, per dedecus amittere?
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter XX, section 9; quoting Catiline

„It becomes all men, Senators, who deliberate on dubious matters, to be influenced neither by hatred, affection, anger, nor pity.“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) Omnes homines, patres conscripti, qui de rebus dubiis consultant, ab odio, amicitia, ira atque misericordia vacuos esse decet.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter LI, section 1

„And, indeed, if the intellectual ability of kings and magistrates were exerted to the same degree in peace as in war, human affairs would be more orderly and settled, and you would not see governments shifted from hand to hand, and things universally changed and confused. For dominion is easily secured by those qualities by which it was at first obtained. But when sloth has introduced itself in the place of industry, and covetousness and pride in that of moderation and equity, the fortune of a state is altered together with its morals; and thus authority is always transferred from the less to the more deserving.“

—  Sallust

Original: (la) Quod si regum atque imperatorum animi virtus in pace ita ut in bello valeret, aequabilius atque constantius sese res humanae haberent neque aliud alio ferri neque mutari ac misceri omnia cerneres. Nam imperium facile iis artibus retinetur, quibus initio partum est. Verum ubi pro labore desidia, pro continentia et aequitate lubido atque superbia invasere, fortuna simul cum moribus inmutatur. Ita imperium semper ad optumum quemque a minus bono transferetur.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter II, sections 3-6; translation by Rev. John Selby Watson

„He that will be angry for anything, will be angry for nothing.“

—  Sallust

This had appeared as an anonymous maxim as early as 1844; the first attribution to Sallust yet found is in The Voice of Wisdom, A Treasury of Moral Truths from the Best Authors (1883) edited by J. E.
Disputed

„Few men desire freedom, the greater part desire just masters.“

—  Sallust

IV.69.18
Variant translation: Only a few prefer liberty, the majority seek nothing more than fair masters.
Histories
Original: (la) Namque pauci libertatem, pars magna iustos dominos volunt.

„Ambition breaks the ties of blood, and forgets the obligations of gratitude.“

—  Sallust

The earliest attributions of this yet found are to it being a saying of William Scott, 1st Baron Stowell, in History of the Anti-Corn Law League (1853), by Archibald Prentice, p. 54; around 1876 it began to began to be cited to W. Scott, and then around 1880 sometimes to Walter Scott, but without citations of source, including a variant: "Selfish ambition breaks the ties of blood, and forgets the obligations of gratitude" in a publication of 1907. It seems to only recently to have begun to be attributed to Sallust, on the internet.
Misattributed

„For the fame of riches and beauty is fickle and frail, while virtue is eternally excellent.“

—  Sallust

For the glory of wealth and beauty is fleeting and perishable; that of the mind is illustrious and immortal.
Original: (la) Nam divitiarum et formae gloria fluxa atque fragilis est, virtus clara aeternaque habetur.
Quelle: Bellum Catilinae (c. 44 BC), Chapter I; Variant translation:

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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