Zitate von Meister Eckhart

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Meister Eckhart

Geburtstag: 1260
Todesdatum: 1328
Andere Namen:Mistr Eckhart, Eckhart

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Meister Eckhart war ein einflussreicher spätmittelalterlicher Theologe und Philosoph. Schon als Jugendlicher trat er in den Orden der Dominikaner ein, in dem er später hohe Ämter erlangte. Mit seinen Predigten erzielte er nicht nur bei seinen Zeitgenossen eine starke Wirkung, sondern beeindruckte auch die Nachwelt. Außerdem leistete er einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Gestaltung der deutschen philosophischen Fachsprache. Sein Hauptanliegen war die Verbreitung von Grundsätzen für eine konsequent spirituelle Lebenspraxis im Alltag. Aufsehen erregten seine unkonventionellen, teils provozierend formulierten Aussagen und sein schroffer Widerspruch zu verbreiteten Überzeugungen. Umstritten war beispielsweise seine Aussage, der „Seelengrund“ sei nicht wie alles Geschöpfliche von Gott erschaffen, sondern göttlich und ungeschaffen. Im Seelengrund sei die Gottheit stets unmittelbar anwesend.

Eckhart wird vielfach als Mystiker charakterisiert. In der neueren Forschung wird allerdings verschiedentlich betont, dass der unterschiedlich definierte Begriff „Mystik“ als Bezeichnung für Elemente seiner Lehre problematisch, zumindest erläuterungsbedürftig und nur eingeschränkt verwendbar ist.

Nach langjähriger Tätigkeit im Dienst des Ordens wurde Eckhart erst in seinen letzten Lebensjahren wegen Häresie denunziert und angeklagt. Der in Köln eingeleitete Inquisitionsprozess wurde am päpstlichen Hof in Avignon neu aufgenommen und zu Ende geführt. Eckhart starb vor dem Abschluss des Verfahrens. Da er sich von vornherein dem Urteil des Papstes unterworfen hatte, entging er als Person einer Einstufung als Häretiker, doch Papst Johannes XXII. verurteilte einige seiner Aussagen als Irrlehren und verbot die Verbreitung der sie enthaltenden Werke. Dennoch hatte Eckharts Gedankengut beträchtlichen Einfluss auf die spätmittelalterliche Spiritualität im deutschen und niederländischen Raum.

Zitate Meister Eckhart

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„The eye with which I see God is the same with which God sees me. My eye and God's eye is one eye, and one sight, and one knowledge, and one love.“

— Meister Eckhart, Sermons of Meister Eckhart
Context: The man who abides in the will of God wills nothing else than what God is, and what He wills. If he were ill he would not wish to be well. If he really abides in God's will, all pain is to him a joy, all complication, simple: yea, even the pains of hell would be a joy to him. He is free and gone out from himself, and from all that he receives, he must be free. If my eye is to discern colour, it must itself be free from all colour. The eye with which I see God is the same with which God sees me. My eye and God's eye is one eye, and one sight, and one knowledge, and one love. Sermon IV : True Hearing

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„To the quiet mind all things are possible.“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: The most powerful prayer, one wellnigh omnipotent, and the worthiest work of all is the outcome of a quiet mind. The quieter it is the more powerful, the worthier, the deeper, the more telling and more perfect the prayer is. To the quiet mind all things are possible. What is a quiet mind? A quiet mind is one which nothing weighs on, nothing worries, which, free from ties and from all self-seeking, is wholly merged into the will of God and dead to its own. As translated in A Dazzling Darkness: An Anthology of Western Mysticism (1985) by Patrick Grant

„We read in the Gospels that Our Lord fed many people with five loaves and two fishes. Speaking parabolically, we may say that the first loaf was — that we should know ourselves, what we have been everlastingly to God, and what we now are to Him.“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: We read in the Gospels that Our Lord fed many people with five loaves and two fishes. Speaking parabolically, we may say that the first loaf was — that we should know ourselves, what we have been everlastingly to God, and what we now are to Him. The second — that we should pity our fellow Christian who is blinded; his loss should grieve us as much as our own. The third — that we should know our Lord Jesus Christ's life, and follow it to the utmost of our capacity. The fourth — that we should know the judgments of God. … The fifth is — that we should know the Godhead which has flowed into the Father and filled Him with joy, and which has flowed into the Son and filled Him with wisdom, and the Two are essentially one. Sermon V : The Self-Communication of God

„Unmovable disinterest brings man into likeness of God.“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: Unmovable disinterest brings man into likeness of God.... To be full of things is to be empty of God; to be empty of things is to be full of God. As quoted in Men Who Have Walked with God (1992) by Sheldon Cheney, p. 198

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„The everlasting and paternal wisdom saith, "Whoso heareth Me is not ashamed."“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: The everlasting and paternal wisdom saith, "Whoso heareth Me is not ashamed." If he is ashamed of anything he is ashamed of being ashamed. Whoso worketh in Me sineth not. Whoso confesseth Me and feareth Me, shall have eternal life. Whoso will hear the wisdom of the Father must dwell deep, and abide at home, and be at unity with himself. Sermon IV : True Hearing

„Love is the root of all joy and sorrow. Slavish fear of God is to be put away. The right fear is the fear of losing God.“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: When man humbles himself, God cannot restrain His mercy; He must come down and pour His grace into the humble man, and He gives Himself most of all, and all at once, to the least of all. It is essential to God to give, for His essence is His goodness and His goodness is His love. Love is the root of all joy and sorrow. Slavish fear of God is to be put away. The right fear is the fear of losing God. If the earth flee downward from heaven, it finds heaven beneath it; if it flee upward, it comes again to heaven. The earth cannot flee from heaven: whether it flee up or down, the heaven rains its influence upon it, and stamps its impress upon it, and makes it fruitful, whether it be willing or not. Thus doth God with men: whoever thinketh to escape Him, flies into His bosom, for every corner is open to Him. God brings forth His Son in thee, whether thou likest it or not, whether thou sleepest or wakest; God worketh His own will. That man is unaware of it, is man's fault, for his taste is so spoilt by feeding on earthly things that he cannot relish God's love. If we had love to God, we should relish God, and all His works; we should receive all things from God, and work the same works as He worketh. Sermon III : The Angel's Greeting

„When man humbles himself, God cannot restrain His mercy; He must come down and pour His grace into the humble man, and He gives Himself most of all, and all at once, to the least of all.“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: When man humbles himself, God cannot restrain His mercy; He must come down and pour His grace into the humble man, and He gives Himself most of all, and all at once, to the least of all. It is essential to God to give, for His essence is His goodness and His goodness is His love. Love is the root of all joy and sorrow. Slavish fear of God is to be put away. The right fear is the fear of losing God. If the earth flee downward from heaven, it finds heaven beneath it; if it flee upward, it comes again to heaven. The earth cannot flee from heaven: whether it flee up or down, the heaven rains its influence upon it, and stamps its impress upon it, and makes it fruitful, whether it be willing or not. Thus doth God with men: whoever thinketh to escape Him, flies into His bosom, for every corner is open to Him. God brings forth His Son in thee, whether thou likest it or not, whether thou sleepest or wakest; God worketh His own will. That man is unaware of it, is man's fault, for his taste is so spoilt by feeding on earthly things that he cannot relish God's love. If we had love to God, we should relish God, and all His works; we should receive all things from God, and work the same works as He worketh. Sermon III : The Angel's Greeting

„The man who abides in the will of God wills nothing else than what God is, and what He wills.“

— Meister Eckhart
Context: The man who abides in the will of God wills nothing else than what God is, and what He wills. If he were ill he would not wish to be well. If he really abides in God's will, all pain is to him a joy, all complication, simple: yea, even the pains of hell would be a joy to him. He is free and gone out from himself, and from all that he receives, he must be free. If my eye is to discern colour, it must itself be free from all colour. The eye with which I see God is the same with which God sees me. My eye and God's eye is one eye, and one sight, and one knowledge, and one love. Sermon IV : True Hearing

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