Zitate von Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

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Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

Geburtstag: 27. Januar 1775
Todesdatum: 20. August 1854
Andere Namen: Фридрих Вильгельм Шеллинг

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, ab 1812 Ritter von Schelling , war ein deutscher Philosoph, Anthropologe, Theoretiker der sogenannten Romantischen Medizin und einer der Hauptvertreter des Deutschen Idealismus. Schelling war der Hauptbegründer der spekulativen Naturphilosophie, die von etwa 1800 bis 1830 in Deutschland fast alle Gebiete der damaligen Naturwissenschaften prägte. Seine Philosophie des Unbewussten hatte Einfluss auf die Ausbildung der Psychoanalyse. Schellings Philosophie bildet sowohl das entscheidende Verbindungsglied zwischen der kantischen und der hegelschen Philosophie als auch zwischen der idealistischen und nachidealistischen Philosophie. In ihr gehen Vernunftspekulation und über den Idealismus hinausgehende Motive ineinander.

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„Die Seele alles Hasses, ist Liebe, und im heftigsten Zorn zeigt sich nur die im innersten Zentrum angegriffene und aufgereizte Stille.“

„To achieve great things we must be self-confined... mastery is revealed in limitation.“


„That which Dante saw written on the door of the inferno must be written in a different sense also at the entrance to philosophy: “Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.” Those who look for true philosophy must be bereft of all hope, all desire, all longing. They must not wish for anything, not know anything, must feel completely bare and impoverished.“

„There is no greatness without a continual solicitation to madness which, while it must be overcome, must never be completely lacking. One might profit by classifying men in this respect. The one kind are those in whom there is no madness at all... and are so-called men of intellect whose works and deeds are nothing but cold works and deeds of the intellect.... But where there is no madness, there is, to be sure, also no real, active, living intellect. For wherein is intellect to prove itself but in the conquest, mastery, and ordering of madness?“

„The, is, since Descartes, the basic mistake of all knowledge; thinking is not my thinking, and being is not my being, for everything is only of God or of the totality.“

„Nothing upsets the philosophical mind more than when he hears that from now on all philosophy is supposed to lie caught in the shackles of one system. Never has he felt greater than when he sees before him the infinitude of knowledge. The entire dignity of his science consists in the fact that it will never be completed. In that moment in which he would believe to have completed his system, he would become unbearable to himself. He would, in that moment, cease to be a creator, and would instead descend to being an instrument of his creation.“

„Far from it being true that man and his activity makes the world comprehensible, he is himself the most incomprehensible of all, and drives me relentlessly to the view of the accursedness of all being, a view manifested in so many painful signs in ancient and modern times. It is precisely man who drives me to the final despairing question: Why is there something? Why not nothing?“

„Those, then, who want to find themselves at the starting point of a truly free philosophy, have to depart even from God. Here the motto is: whoever wants to preserve it will lose it, and whoever abandons it will find it. Only those have reached the ground in themselves and have become aware of the depths of life, who have at one time abandoned everything and have themselves been abandoned by everything, for whom everything has been lost, and who have found themselves alone, face-to-face with the infinite: a decisive step which Plato compared with death. That which Dante saw written on the door of the inferno must be written in a different sense also at the entrance to philosophy: ‘Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.’ Those who look for true philosophy must be bereft of all hope, all desire, all longing. They must not wish anything, not know anything, must feel completely bare and impoverished, must give everything away in order to gain everything. It is a grim step to take, it is grim to have to depart from the final shore.“


„man’s being is essentially.“

„Man has been placed on that summit where he contains within him the source of self-impulsion toward good and evil in equal measure; the nexus of the principles within him is not a bond of necessity but of freedom. He stands at the dividing line; whatever he chooses will be his act, but he cannot remain in indecision because God must necessarily reveal himself and because nothing at all in creation can remain ambiguous.“

„Following the eternal act of self-revelation, the world as we now behold it, is all rule, order and form; but the unruly lies ever in the depths as though it might again break through, and order and form nowhere appear to have been original, but it seems as though what had initially been unruly had been brought to order. This is the incomprehensible basis of reality in things, the irreducible remainder which cannot be resolved into reason by the greatest exertion but always remains in the depths. Out of this which is unreasonable, reason in the true sense is born. Without this preceding gloom, creation would have no reality; darkness is its necessary heritage.“

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