Zitate von Tiberius Claudius
Geburtstag: 16. November 42 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 16. März 37 n.Chr.
Tiberius Iulius Caesar Augustus war römischer Kaiser von 14 bis 37 n. Chr. Nach seinem Stiefvater Augustus war Tiberius der zweite Kaiser des Römischen Reiches und gehört wie dieser der julisch-claudischen Dynastie an. Seine Regierungszeit war eine der längsten Alleinherrschaften eines römischen Kaisers.
Tiberius konnte besonders vor seinem Herrschaftsantritt bedeutende militärische Erfolge erzielen. Seine militärischen Aktivitäten in Pannonien, Illyricum, Raetien und Germanien legten die nördliche Grenze des römischen Imperiums fest. In der Verwaltung der Provinzen sowie der Finanzen war der Kaiser erfolgreich. Palastintrigen, die Verschwörung des ehrgeizigen Seianus, Hinrichtungen dissidenter römischer Aristokraten und Tiberius’ Rückzug aus der Hauptstadt verursachten das negative Werturteil der späteren antiken Historiographen. Gegen Ende seines Lebens wurde der Interessenkonflikt zwischen dem in seiner politischen Funktion reduzierten Senat und dem nun institutionalisierten Amt des Kaisers erstmals deutlich.
Zitate Tiberius Claudius
„As soon as the funeral of Augustus was over, a temple and divine worship were forthwith decreed him. The Senate then turned their instant supplications to Tiberius, to fill his vacant place; but received an abstruse answer, touching the greatness of the Empire and his own distrust of himself; he said that "nothing but the divine genius of Augustus was equal to the mighty task: that for himself, who had been called by him into a participation of his cares, he had learnt by feeling them, what a daring, what a difficult toil was that of government, and how perpetually subject to the caprices of fortune: that in a State supported by so many illustrious patriots they ought not to cast the whole administration upon one; and more easy to be administered were the several offices of the Government by the united pains and sufficiency of many."“
The Annals of Tacitus - Book 1
Variant translation: In a free state, both the tongue and the mind ought to be free. From Suetonius, The Twelves Caesars, ch. 28
„My Lords, if I know what to tell you, or how to tell it, or what to leave altogether untold for the present, may all the gods and goddesses in Heaven bring me to an even worse damnation than I now daily suffer!“
Variant translation: What to write to you, Conscript Fathers, or how to write, or what not to write at this time, may all the gods and goddesses pour upon my head a more terrible vengeance than that under which I feel myself daily sinking, if I can tell. Letter to the Senate, from Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, ch. 67 (cf. Tacitus, Annals, VI 6.1.)
„To the governors who recommended burdensome taxes for his provinces, he [Tiberius] wrote in answer that it was the part of a good shepherd to shear his flock, not skin it.“
From Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, III. Tiberius, Ch. 32; translation by J. C. Rolfe Latter component of the quotation often paraphrased as Boni pastoris est tondere pecus non deglubere.
„Fear of this possibility in particular led Tiberius to ask the senate for any part in the administration that it might please them to assign him, saying that no one man could bear the whole burden without a colleague, or even several colleagues.“
Variant translation (by Robert Graves): "Pray assign me any part in the government you please; but remember that no single man can bear the whole burden of Empire — I need a colleague, or perhaps several colleagues." From Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, ch. 25
„Let me repeat, gentlemen, that a right-minded and true-hearted statesman who has had as much sovereign power placed in his hands as you have placed in mine should regard himself as the servant of the Senate; and often of the people as a whole; and sometimes of private citizens, too. I do not regret this view, because I have always found you to be generous, just, and indulgent masters.“
Variant translation: Conscript Fathers, I have often said it both now and at other times, that a good and useful prince, whom you have invested with so great and absolute power, ought to be a slave to the senate, to the whole body of the people, and often to individuals likewise: nor am I sorry that I have said it. I have always found you good, kind, and indulgent masters, and still find you so. To the Senate, from Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, ch.29
„Towards Livia, too, exorbitant was the flattering court of the Senate. Some were for decreeing her the general title of Mother; others the more particular one of Mother Of Her Country; and almost all moved, that to the name of Tiberius should be added, The Son Of Julia: Tiberius urged in answer, that "public honours to women ought to be warily adjudged, and with a sparing hand; and that with the same measure of moderation he would receive such as were presented to himself."“
The Annals of Tacitus - Book 1