Vierte Isthmische Ode
Zitate von Pindar
Geburtstag: 522 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 446 v.Chr
Pindar war ein griechischer Dichter und zählt zum Kanon der neun Lyriker.
„Here profits not
To tell the whole truth with clear face unveiled.
Often is man's best wisdom to be silent.“
οὔ τοι ἅπασα κερδίων φαίνοισα πρόσωπον ἀλάθει᾽ ἀτρεκής· καὶ τὸ σιγᾶν πολλάκις ἐστὶ σοφώτατον ἀνθρώπῳ νοῆσαι. Nemean 5, line 16-8; page 222. (483 BC?)
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εἰ δὲ θεὸν ἀνήρ τις ἔλπεταί τι λαθέμεν ἔρδων, ἁμαρτάνει. Olympian 1, line 63; page 6
„Best blessing of all is water, And gold like a fiery flame gleaming at night,
Supreme amidst the pride of lordly wealth.“
Ἄριστον μὲν ὕδωρ, ὁ δὲ χρυσὸς αἰθόμενον πῦρ ἅτε διαπρέπει νυκτὶ μεγάνορος ἔξοχα πλούτου. Olympian 1, line 1-2; page 1 Closer translation: Best is water, but gold stands out blazing like fire at night beyond haughty wealth.
Context: Creatures of a day! What is a man? What is he not? A dream of a shadow Is our mortal being. But when there comes to men A gleam of splendour given of Heaven, Then rests on them a light of glory And blesséd are their days. Pythian 8, line 95-8; pages 162-3. (446 BC)
σοφὸς ὁ πολλὰ εἰδὼς φυᾷ. Olympian 2, line 87; page 16; the Greek simply says: "wise is one who knows much by nature," but σοφός is Pindar's usual word for poet. Variant translations: Inborn of nature's wisdom The poet's truth.
„War is sweet to those who have no experience of it,
but the experienced man trembles exceedingly at heart on its approach.“
γλυκύ δ᾽ἀπείρῳ πόλεμος. πεπειραμένων δέ τις ταρβεῖ προσιόντα νιν καρδία περισσῶς. Fragment 110; page 377. Variant translations: This phrase is the origin of the Latin proverb "Dulce bellum inexpertis" which is sometimes misattributed to Desiderius Erasmus. War is sweet to them that know it not. War is sweet to those not acquainted with it War is sweet to those who do not know it. War is sweet to those that never have experienced it. War is delightful to those who have had no experience of it.