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Norbert Wiener

Geburtstag: 26. November 1894
Todesdatum: 18. März 1964

Norbert Wiener war ein US-amerikanischer Mathematiker. Er ist als Begründer der Kybernetik bekannt, ein Ausdruck, den er in seinem Werk Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine prägte.

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„Die Ökonomen haben die Angewohnheit entwickelt, ihre ziemlich unpräzisen Ideen in die Sprache der Integral- und Differentialrechnung zu verkleiden... Wann auch immer sie vorgeben, exakte Formeln zu verwenden, handelt es sich um Betrug und Zeitverschwendung.“ Gott & Golem, Inc. - Econ, Düsseldorf 1965; Seite 120 und 122 - zitiert von Andreas Weber in: 'Biokapital. Die Versöhnung von Ökonomie, Natur und Menschlichkeit, Berlin Verlag, Berlin 2008, ISBN 3827007925, Seite 71

„Die Individualität eines Körpers ist eher die einer Flamme als die eines Steines, eher die einer Form als die eines Teilchens Materie. Diese Form kann übermittelt oder abgeändert oder verdoppelt werden.“ nach William Voltz, Alphabet des Schreckens, Pabel, Rastatt, 1980, Seite 104

„Es gibt keine Antworten, nur Querverweise“ Wiener's Law of Libraries, original: "There are no answers, only cross references") - Norbert Wiener 1894-1964 (Vita Mathematica), Seite 337, ISBN: 3764322462

„Das menschliche Gehirn mag so weit auf dem Weg zu seiner destruktiven Spezialisierung sein wie die großen Nasenhörner der letzten der Titanotherien.“ heise. de

„Das Gehirn ist ein Computer“ heise. de

„The world of the future will be an even more demanding struggle against the limitations of our intelligence, not a comfortable hammock in which we can lie down to be waited upon by our robot slaves.“ The Human Use Of Human Beings: Cybernetics And Society

„Let us remember that the automatic machine is the precise economic equivalent of slave labor. Any labor which competes with slave labor must accept the economic consequences of slave labor.“ Cybernetics

„We are swimming upstream against a great torrent of disorganization... In this, our main obligation is to establish arbitrary enclaves of order and system... It is the greatest possible victory to be, to continue to be, and to have been. No defeat can deprive us of the success of having existed for some moment of time in a universe that seems indifferent to us.

This is no defeatism... The declaration of our own nature and the attempt to build up an enclave of organization in the face of nature's overwhelming tendency to disorder is an insolence against the gods and the iron necessity that they impose. Here lies tragedy, but here lies glory too...

All this represents the manner in which I believe I have been able to add something positive to the pessimism of... the existensialists. I have not replaced the gloom of existence by a philosophy which is optimistic in any Pollyanna sense, but... with a positive attitude toward the universe and toward our life in it.“

„Progress imposes not only new possibilities for the future but new restrictions.“

„Information is information, not matter or energy.“ Cybernetics: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine

„It is the thesis of this book that society can only be understood through a study of the messages and the communication facilities which belong to it; and that in the future development of these messages and communication facilities, messages between man and machines, between machines and man, and between machine and machine, are destined to play an ever-increasing part.“

„Mathematics, which most of us see as the most factual of all sciences, constitutes the most colossal metaphor imaginable, and must be judged, aesthetically as well as intellectually in terms of the success of this metaphor.“

„We are not the stuff that abides, but patterns
that perpetuate themselves.“
The Human Use Of Human Beings: Cybernetics And Society

„communication engineering began with Gauss, Wheatstone, and the first telegraphers.“ Cybernetics: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine

„Scientific discovery consists in the interpretation for our own convenience of a system of existence which has been made with no eye to our convenience at all.
One of the chief duties of a mathematician in acting as an advisor to scientists is to discourage them from expecting too much of mathematicians.“

„The sense of tragedy is that the world is not a pleasant little nest made for our protection, but a vast and largely hostile environment, in which we can achieve great things only by defying the gods; and that this defiance inevitably brings its own punishment.“ The Human Use Of Human Beings: Cybernetics And Society

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