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James Fenimore Cooper

Geburtstag: 15. September 1789
Todesdatum: 14. September 1851
Andere Namen: جیمز فنیمور کوپر, Кепер Жеймс Фенимор

James Fenimore Cooper war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller der Romantik.

Cooper ist in vielerlei Hinsicht eine Schlüsselfigur der amerikanischen Literatur. Neben Washington Irving war er der erste amerikanische Schriftsteller, der von seinen Büchern leben konnte. Er blieb bis weit in das 20. Jahrhundert hinein auch in Europa der wohl meistgelesene. Nach dem Vorbild Sir Walter Scotts schrieb er die ersten historischen Romane und die ersten Seefahrtsromane der amerikanischen Literatur. Sein umfangreiches Werk umfasst weiter zahlreiche historiografische Werke, Essays und Satiren über Amerika wie Europa. Besonders bekannt sind bis heute seine fünf „Lederstrumpf“-Romane, die die Erschließung des amerikanischen Westens durch weiße Scouts, Trapper und Siedler, aber auch die allmähliche Zurückdrängung und Vernichtung der indianischen Kultur thematisieren. Wikipedia

Werk

Die Prärie
James Fenimore Cooper
Der Pfadfinder
Der Pfadfinder
James Fenimore Cooper

Zitate James Fenimore Cooper

„Mancher ist schon mit dem Ausdrucke des Heldenmutes auf seinen Lippen heimgegangen, während sein Herz schwer und trostlos war.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch Der Pfadfinder

Der Pfadfinder, Kap. 28
Original engl.: "Many a man has died with an heroic expression on his lips, but with heaviness and distrust at his heart." - The Pathfinder. Paris 1840. p. 360,

„Geduld ist eine Tugend an einem Indianer und kann einem christlichen Weißen nicht zur Schande gereichen.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch Die Prärie

Die Steppe (Fenimore Cooper's ausgewählte Romane, 6. Band, Neue Ausgabe), Sauerländer Frankfurt/Main 1839, 29. Kapitel Seite 375, )
Original engl.: "Patience is a virtue in an Indian, and can be no shame to a Christian white man." - The Prairie. London 1836. p. 369,

„History, like love, is so apt to surround her heroes with an atmosphere of imaginary brightness.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch The Last of the Mohicans

Quelle: The Last of the Mohicans (1826), Ch. 18

„tis hard to live in a world where all look upon you as below them.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch The Deerslayer

Quelle: The Deerslayer

„It is probable a true history of human events would show that a far larger proportion of our acts are the results of sudden impulses and accident, than of that reason of which we so much boast.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch The Pilot: A Tale of the Sea

The Pilot: A Tale of the Sea http://www.amazon.com/The-Pilot-A-Tale-Sea/dp/1490555811 (1829); Preface
The Pilot: A Tale of the Sea (1823)

„Parson Amen's speculations on this interesting subject, although this may happen to be the first occasion on which he has ever heard the practice of taking scalps justified by Scripture. Viewed in a proper spirit, they ought merely to convey a lesson of humility, by rendering apparent the wisdom, nay the necessity, of men's keeping them-selves within the limits of the sphere of knowledge they were designed to fill, and convey, when rightly considered, as much of a lesson to the Puseyite, with abstractions that are quite as unintelligible to himself as they are to others; to the high-wrought and dogmatical Calvinist, who in the midst of his fiery zeal, forgets that love is the very essence of the relation between God and man; to the Quaker, who seems to think the cut of a coat essential to salvation; to the descendant of the Puritan, who whether he be Socinian, Calvinist, Universalist, or any other "1st," appears to believe that the "rock" on which Christ declared he would found his church was the "Rock of Plymouth"; and to the unbeliever, who, in deriding all creeds, does not know where to turn to find one to substitute in their stead. Humility, in matters of this sort, is the great lesson that all should teach and learn; for it opens the way to charity, and eventually to faith, and through both of these to hope; finally, through all of these, to heaven.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper

Quelle: Oak Openings or The bee-hunter (1848), Ch. XI

„It is better for a man to die at peace with himself than to live haunted by an evil conscience.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch The Last of the Mohicans

The Last of the Mohicans (1826), Ch. 8

„Tis grand! 'tis solemn! 'tis an education of itself to look upon!“

—  James Fenimore Cooper, buch The Deerslayer

The Deerslayer (1841), Ch. 6

„Hebrews. This book is much superior to most of the writings attributed to St. Paul, though passages in the other books are very admirable.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper

Journal kept by Cooper from January to May 1848
Correspondence of James Fenimore-Cooper (1922)

„For ourselves, we firmly believe that the finger of Providence is pointing the way to all races, and colors, and nations, along the path that is to lead the east and the west alike to the great goal of human wants. Demons infest that path, and numerous and unhappy are the wanderings of millions who stray from its course; sometimes in reluctance to proceed; sometimes in an indiscreet haste to move faster than their fellows, and always in a forgetfulness of the great rules of conduct that have been handed down from above. Nevertheless, the main course is onward; and the day, in the sense of time, is not distant, when the whole earth is to be filled with the knowledge of the Lord, "as the waters cover the sea.
One of the great stumbling-blocks with a large class of well-meaning, but narrow-judging moralists, are the seeming wrongs that are permitted by Providence, in its control of human events. Such persons take a one-sided view of things, and reduce all principles to the level of their own understandings. If we could comprehend the relations which the Deity bears to us, as well as we can comprehend the relations we bear to him, there might be a little seeming reason in these doubts; but when one of the parties in this mighty scheme of action is a profound mystery to the other, it is worse than idle, it is profane, to attempt to explain those things which our minds are not yet sufficiently cleared from the dross of earth to understand.“

—  James Fenimore Cooper

Preface
Oak Openings or The bee-hunter (1848)

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