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Hans Küng

Geburtstag: 19. März 1928

Hans Küng ist ein Schweizer Theologe, römisch-katholischer Priester und Autor. Von 1960 bis zu seiner Emeritierung im Jahr 1996 war er Theologie-Professor an der Eberhard Karls Universität im südwestdeutschen Tübingen, zuletzt für Ökumenische Theologie. Bis März 2013 war er Präsident der von ihm mitgegründeten Stiftung Weltethos.

Küng gilt nicht nur im deutschsprachigen Raum als einer der bekanntesten Kirchenkritiker unter den akademisch herausragenden katholischen Theologen der Zeitgeschichte. Insbesondere seine Kritik am Dogma der päpstlichen Unfehlbarkeit führte ein Jahr nach der Veröffentlichung seines vielbeachteten Buches Existiert Gott? Antwort auf die Gottesfrage der Neuzeit im Jahr 1979 aufgrund eines von Papst Johannes Paul II. gebilligten Erlasses der Glaubenskongregation zum Entzug seiner kirchlichen Lehrbefugnis für die römisch-katholische Glaubenslehre durch die Deutsche Bischofskonferenz.

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„Wer viel weiß, weiß auch, was er nicht weiß - zumindest wenn er weise ist.“ Der Anfang aller Dinge: Naturwissenschaft und Religion, Piper 2005, S. 91

„Kein menschliches Zusammenleben ohne ein Weltethos der Nationen; kein Frieden unter den Nationen ohne Frieden unter den Religionen; kein Friede unter den Religionen ohne Dialog unter den Religionen.“ Projekt Weltethos, Piper, München 1990, S. 171

„Religion kann die Evolution als Schöpfung interpretieren. Naturwissenschaftliche Erkenntnis kann Schöpfung als evolutiven Prozeß konkretisieren. Religion kann so dem Ganzen der Evolution einen Sinn zuschreiben, den die Naturwissenschaft von der Evolution nicht ablesen, bestenfalls vermuten kann.“ Der Anfang aller Dinge: Naturwissenschaft und Religion, Piper 2005, S. 169 ISBN 978-3492047876

„Immer deutlicher wurde mir in den letzten Jahren, daß die eine Welt, in der wir leben, nur dann eine Chance zum Überleben hat, wenn in ihr nicht länger Räume unterschiedlicher, widersprüchlicher oder gar sich bekämpfender Ethiken existieren. Diese eine Welt braucht ein Ethos; diese eine Weltgesellschaft braucht keine Einheitsreligion und Einheitsideologie, wohl aber einige verbindende und verbindliche Normen, Werte, Ideale und Ziele.“ Projekt Weltethos, Piper München 1990, S. 14 ISBN 3-492-03426-8

„No peace among the nations
without peace among the religions.

No peace among the religions
without dialogue between the religions

No dialogue between the religions
without investigation of the foundation of the religions.“
Christianity: Essence, History, Future

„If you cannot see that divinity includes male and female characteristics and at the same time transcends them, you have bad consequences. Rome and Cardinal O'Connor base the exclusion of women priests on the idea that God is the Father and Jesus is His Son, there were only male disciples, etc. They are defending a patriarchal Church with a patriarchal God. We must fight the patriarchal misunderstanding of God.“

„historical arguments; traditional apologetics breaks down here. Since man is here dealing with God and this by definition means with the invisible, impalpable, uncontrollable, only one attitude is appropriate and required : believing trust, trusting faith.“

„The Pope would have an easier job than the President of the United States in adopting a change of course. He has no Congress alongside him as a legislative body nor a Supreme Court as a judiciary. He is absolute head of government, legislator and supreme judge in the church. If he wanted to, he could authorize contraception over night, permit the marriage of priests, make possible the ordination of women and allow eucharistic fellowship with this Protestant churches. What would a Pope do who acted in the spirit of Obama?“

„Everyone agrees the celibacy rule is just a Church law dating from the 11th century, not a divine command.“

„Does not simply contain God's word: it becomes God's word for anyone who submits trustfully and in faith to its testimony.“

„The face he showed in Jesus is really his true and single face.“ On Being a Christian

„Even manifestly senseless suffering and death can have a meaning, can acquire a meaning. a hidden meaning.“ On Being a Christian

„It considers this Jesus as ultimately decisive, definitive, archetypal for man in these various dimensions of his.“ On Being a Christian

„To be no more than scholarly reflection on its object from one particular standpoint, which is anyway one legitimate standpoint among others.“ On Being a Christian

„What a revolution! In less than a century the persecuted church had become a persecuting church. Its enemies, the “heretics” (those who “selected” from the totality of the Catholic faith), were now also the enemies of the empire and were punished accordingly. For the first time now Christians killed other Christians because of differences in their views of the faith. This is what happened in Trier in 385: despite many objections, the ascetic and enthusiastic Spanish lay preacher Priscillian was executed for heresy together with six companions. People soon became quite accustomed to this idea. Above all the Jews came under pressure. The proud Roman Hellenistic state church hardly remembered its own Jewish roots anymore. A specifically Christian ecclesiastical anti-Judaism developed out of the pagan state anti-Judaism that already existed. There were many reasons for this: the breaking off of conversations between the church and the synagogue and mutual isolation; the church’s exclusive claim to the Hebrew Bible; the crucifixion of Jesus, which was now generally attributed to the Jews; the dispersion of Israel, which was seen as God’s just curse on a damned people who were alleged to have broken the covenant with God... Almost exactly a century after Constantine’s death, by special state-church laws under Theodosius II, Judaism was removed from the sacral sphere, to which one had access only through the sacraments (that is, through baptism). The first repressive measures“ The Catholic Church: A Short History

„• Clear answers to problems like guilt and atonement, dying and immortality; • And with all this, still a wide-ranging assimilation to Hellenistic-Roman society. Once the freedom of religion“ The Catholic Church: A Short History

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