Zitate von Carl Von Linné

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Carl Von Linné

Geburtstag: 23. Mai 1707
Todesdatum: 10. Januar 1778

Carl von Linné war ein schwedischer Naturforscher, der mit der binären Nomenklatur die Grundlagen der modernen botanischen und zoologischen Taxonomie schuf. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „L.“. In der Zoologie werden „Linnaeus“, „Linné“ und „Linnæus“ als Autorennamen verwendet.

Linné setzte sich als Student in seinem Manuskript Praeludia Sponsaliorum Plantarum mit der noch neuen Idee von der Sexualität der Pflanzen auseinander und legte mit diesen Überlegungen den Grundstein für sein späteres Wirken. Während seines Aufenthaltes in Holland entwickelte er in Schriften wie Systema Naturae, Fundamenta Botanica, Critica Botanica und Genera Plantarum die theoretischen Grundlagen seines Schaffens. Während seiner Tätigkeit für George Clifford in Hartekamp konnte Linné zum ersten Mal viele seltene Pflanzen direkt studieren und schuf mit Hortus Cliffortianus das erste nach seinen Prinzipien geordnete Pflanzenverzeichnis. Nach der Rückkehr aus dem Ausland arbeitete Linné für kurze Zeit als Arzt in Stockholm. Er gehörte hier zu den Gründern der Schwedischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und war deren erster Präsident. Mehrere Expeditionen führten ihn durch die Provinzen seiner schwedischen Heimat und trugen zu seiner Anerkennung bei.

Ende 1741 wurde Linné Professor an der Universität Uppsala und neun Jahre später deren Rektor. In Uppsala führte er seine enzyklopädischen Anstrengungen weiter, alle bekannten Mineralien, Pflanzen und Tiere zu beschreiben und zu ordnen. Seine beiden Werke Species Plantarum und Systema Naturæ begründeten die bis heute verwendete wissenschaftliche Nomenklatur in der Botanik und der Zoologie. Wikipedia

Werk

Systema Naturae
Carl Von Linné
Philosophia Botanica
Carl Von Linné

Zitate Carl Von Linné

„Die Natur macht keinen Sprung. Alle Pflanzen und Tiere bieten nach allen Seiten hin Affinitäten dar, wie ein Territorium auf der Landkarte.“

—  Carl Von Linné, buch Philosophia Botanica

Philosophia Botanica, Stockholm 1751. Nr. 77 books.google p. 27 http://books.google.de/books?id=sU0-AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA27; zitiert nach faunistik.net http://www.faunistik.net/BSWT/_GESCHICHTE/k_5.html
Original latein.: "Natura non facit saltus. Plantae omnes utrinque affinitatem monstrant, uti Territorium in Mappa geographica."
Philosophia Botanica (1751)

„Die Steine wachsen, die Pflanzen wachsen und leben, die Tiere wachsen, leben und empfinden.“

—  Carl Von Linné, buch Systema Naturae

(Original latein.: '"Lapides crescunt. Vegetabilia crescunt & vivunt. Animalia crescunt, vivunt & sentiunt.") - Systema naturae, sive, Regna tria naturae systematice proposita per classes, ordines, genera, & species. (1735) Observationes in regna III. naturae. Observatio 15 http://193.10.12.180/KBDigitalaSamlingar/showlarge.aspx?reginaid=2408837&page=6&width=1024&height=768
"Steine: massive Körper, weder lebend noch empfindend. Pflanzen: organisierte Körper und lebend, nicht empfindend. Tiere: organisierte Körper, lebend und empfindend, sich spontan bewegend."
Original latein.: "Lapides corpora congesta, nec viva, nec sentientia. Vegetabilia corp. organisata & viva, non sentientia. Animalia corp.organisata, viva & sentientia, sponteque se moventia." - Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima, reformata. Stockholm 1758. archive.org S. 6 http://archive.org/stream/carolilinnaeisy00gesegoog#page/n17. Editio duodecima, reformata. Stockholm 1766. p. 11/12 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=siAOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA12
Systema naturae (1735-1766)

„If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes.“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Philosophia Botanica

Philosophia Botanica (1751), aphorism 210. Trans. Frans A. Stafleu, Linnaeus and the Linnaeans: The Spreading of their Ideas in Systematic Botany, 1735-1789 (1971), 80.

„Great is our God, and great is His power, and his strength is immeasurable“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Systema Naturae

In the dedication from his 12th edition.
Original in Latin: "Magnus est DEUS noster, & magna est potentia Ejus, & potentia Ejus non est numerus."
Systema Naturae

„I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape“

—  Carl Linnaeus

Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)
Kontext: As a natural historian according to the principles of science, up to the present time I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape; for there are somewhere apes which are less hairy than man, erect in position, going just like him on two feet, and recalling the human species by the use they make of their hands and feet, to such an extent, that the less educated travellers have given them out as a kind of man.

„Every genus is natural, created as such in the beginning, hence not to be rashly split up or stuck together by whim or according to anyone's theory.“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Systema Naturae

Systema naturae (1735) (quoted in Ramsbottom 1938:197)
Original in Latin: Genus omne est naturale, in primordio tale creatum, hinc pro libitu & secundem cujuscimque theoriam non proterve discindendum aut conglutinandum.
Systema Naturae

„I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others.“

—  Carl Linnaeus

As quoted in A life of Linnaeus https://archive.org/stream/lifeoflinnaeus00brigiala#page/122/mode/2up/search/blessed (1858), by J. Van Voorst & Cecilia Lucy Brightwell, London. p. 123.: I render thanks to the Almighty, who has ordered my lot so that I live at this day; and live, too, happier than the King of Persia. I think myself thus blessed because in this academic garden I am principal. This is my Rhodus, or, rather, my Elysium; here I enjoy the spoils of the East and the West, and, if I mistake not, that which far excels in beauty the garments of the Babylonians and the porcelain of China. Here I behold myself the might and wisdom of the Great Creator, in the works by which He reveals Himself, and show them unto others."
Kontext: I thank Providence who has guided my destinies, that I now live; nay, that I live happier than a king of Persia. You know, fathers and fellow-citizens, that I am wholly occupied with this academical garden; that it is my Rhodus, or rather my Elysium. There I possess all the spoils of the east and the west which I wished for; and which, in my belief, are far more precious than the silken garments of the Babylonians, and the porcelain vases of the Chinese. There I receive and convey instruction. There I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others.

„I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds“

—  Carl Linnaeus

Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)
Kontext: No one has any right to be angry with me, if I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds. Man is neither a stone nor a plant, but an animal, for such is his way of living and moving; nor is he a worm, for then he would have only one foot; nor an insect, for then he would have antennae; nor a fish, for he has no fins; nor a bird, for he has no wings. Therefore, he is a quadraped, had a mouth like that of other quadrapeds, and finally four feet, on two of which he goes, and uses the other two for prehensive purposes.

„We say there are as many genera as there are similarly constituted fructifications of different natural species.“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Fundamenta Botanica

Fundamenta Botanica (1736).
Original in Latin: Genera tot dicimus, quot similes constructae fructifications proserunt diversae Species naturales

„The Earth's Creation is the glory of God, as seen from the works of Nature by Man alone.“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Systema Naturae

In the Introitus (Preface) from his late editions.
Original in Latin: "Finis Creationis telluris est gloria Dei ex opere Naturae per Hominem solum"
Variant translation: "The purpose of Creation is the glory of God, as can be seen from the works in nature by man alone."
Systema Naturae

„God infinite, omniscient and omnipotent, woke me up and I was amazed! I have read some clues through His created things, in all of which, is His will; even in the smallest things, and the most minute! How much wisdom! What an inscrutable perfection!“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Systema Naturae

Imperium Naturæ, 12th edition.
Deum sempiternum, immensum, omniscium, omnipotentem expergefactus a tergo transeuntem vidi et obstupui! legi aliquot Ejus vestigia per creata rerum, in quibus omnibus, etiam in minimis, ut fere nullis, quæ Vis! quanta Sapientia! quam inextricabilis Perfectio!
Systema Naturae

„From my youth you have taught me, O God, and now I would like to proclaim Your Wonders“

—  Carl Linnaeus, buch Systema Naturae

Praise at the end of the index. In Systema Naturae (1758), from Psalm 71.
Original in Latin: "Docuisti me Deus a juventute mea, & usque nunc pronunciabo Mirabilia Tua"
Systema Naturae

„The Lord himself hath led him with his own Almighty hand.
He hath caused him to spring from a trunk without root, and planted him again in a distant and more delightful spot, and caused him to rise up to a considerable tree.
Inspired him with an inclination for science so passionate as to become the most gratifying of all others.
Given him all the means he could either wish for, or enjoy, of attaining the objects he had in view.
Favoured him in such a manner that even the not obtaining of what he wished for, ultimately turned out to his great advantage.
Caused him to be received into favour by the "Mœcenates Scientiarum"; by the greatest men in the kingdom; and by the Royal Family.
Given him an advantageous and honourable post, the very one that, above all others in the world, he had wished for.
Given him the wife for whom he most wished, and who managed his household affairs whilst he was engaged in laborious studies.
Given him children who have turned out good and virtuous.
Given him a son for his successor in office.
Given him the largest collection of plants that ever existed in the world, and his greatest delight.
Given him lands and other property, so that though there has been nothing superfluous, nothing has he wanted.
Honoured him with the titles of Archiater, Knight, Nobleman, and with Distinction in the learned world.
Protected him from fire.
Preserved his life above 60 years.
Permitted him to visit his secret council-chambers.
Permitted him to see more of the creation than any mortal before him. Given him greater knowledge of natural history than any one had hitherto acquired.
The Lord hath been with him whithersoever he hath walked, and hath cut off all his enemies from before him, and hath made him a name, like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 1 Chron. xvn. 8.“

—  Carl Linnaeus

As quoted in The Annual Review and History of Literature http://books.google.com.mx/books?id=hx0ZAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=es#v=onepage&q=%22The%20Lord%20himself%20hath%20led%20him%20with%20his%20own%20Almighty%20hand%22&f=false (1806), by Arthur Aikin, T. N. Longman and O. Rees, p. 472.
Also found in Life of Linnaeus https://archive.org/stream/lifeoflinnaeus00brigiala#page/176/mode/2up/search/endeavoured (1858), by J. Van Voorst & Cecilia Lucy Brightwell, London. pp. 176-177.
Linnaeus Diary

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