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Washington Irving

Geburtstag: 3. April 1783
Todesdatum: 28. November 1859

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Washington Irving war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller. Mit an englischen Stilvorbildern geschulten Satiren über die Gesellschaft und Geschichte der Stadt New York wurde er im ersten Jahrzehnt des 19. Jahrhunderts zunächst in seiner Heimat bekannt. Mit seinem Skizzenbuch wandte er sich zunehmend Einflüssen der europäischen Romantik zu und wurde so der erste amerikanische Schriftsteller, der auch in Europa Erfolge feiern konnte. Mit den in diesem Band enthaltenen Erzählungen Rip Van Winkle und The Legend of Sleepy Hollow begründete Irving die Gattung der Kurzgeschichte. In späteren Jahren verfasste Irving vor allem Biografien, unter anderem über Christoph Kolumbus und George Washington.

Zitate Washington Irving

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„Language gradually varies, and with it fade away the writings of authors who have flourished their allotted time; otherwise, the creative powers of genius would overstock the world, and the mind would be completely bewildered in the endless mazes of literature.“

— Washington Irving
Context: Language gradually varies, and with it fade away the writings of authors who have flourished their allotted time; otherwise, the creative powers of genius would overstock the world, and the mind would be completely bewildered in the endless mazes of literature. Formerly there were some restraints on this excessive multiplication. Works had to be transcribed by hand, which was a slow and laborious operation; they were written either on parchment, which was expensive, so that one work was often erased to make way for another; or on papyrus, which was fragile and extremely perishable. Authorship was a limited and unprofitable craft, pursued chiefly by monks in the leisure and solitude of their cloisters. The accumulation of manuscripts was slow and costly, and confined almost entirely to monasteries. To these circumstances it may, in some measure, be owing that we have not been inundated by the intellect of antiquity; that the fountains of thought have not been broken up, and modern genius drowned in the deluge. But the inventions of paper and the press have put an end to all these restraints. They have made everyone a writer, and enabled every mind to pour itself into print, and diffuse itself over the whole intellectual world. The consequences are alarming. The stream of literature has swollen into a torrent — augmented into a river — expanded into a sea. "The Mutabilities of Literature".

„There rise authors now and then, who seem proof against the mutability of language, because they have rooted themselves in the unchanging principles of human nature.“

— Washington Irving
Context: There rise authors now and then, who seem proof against the mutability of language, because they have rooted themselves in the unchanging principles of human nature. They are like gigantic trees that we sometimes see on the banks of a stream; which, by their vast and deep roots, penetrating through the mere surface, and laying hold on the very foundations of the earth, preserve the soil around them from being swept away by the ever-flowing current, and hold up many a neighboring plant, and perhaps worthless weed, to perpetuity. "The Mutabilities of Literature".

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