Zitate von Vālmīki
Valmiki ist der Autor des indischen Heldenepos Ramayana.
Die Historizität von Valmiki ist nicht gesichert, seine Lebenszeit ist abhängig von der Datierung des Epos. Der Ort seiner Einsiedelei wird beim heutigen Chitrakut angegeben.
Der Überlieferung nach war Valmiki in seiner Jugend das Haupt einer Räuberbande. Nach einem Treffen mit dem mythischen Weisen Narada änderte er seine Gesinnung. Kurz danach beobachtete er am Fluss Tamasa ein sich paarendes Brachvogelpaar. Ein Jäger tötete das Männchen, worauf Valmiki diesen in Versform verfluchte:
Du wirst keine Ruhe finden in den langen Jahren der Ewigkeit, denn du hast diesen ahnungslosen, verliebten Vogel getötet.So erfand er den Shloka, das Versmaß des Ramayana. Der Gott Brahma forderte ihn daraufhin auf, in diesem Versmaß die Taten Ramas zu verherrlichen.
In seiner Einsiedelei wurde Valmiki von der im Exil lebenden Sita aufgesucht. Sie gebar dort die beiden Zwillinge Kusha und Lava . Valmiki zog die beiden Söhne Ramas auf und lehrte sie das Ramayana.
„As a young man, Valmiki searched through the world seeking open friendship and happiness and hope and finding none of these he went alone into the empty forest where no man lived, to as spot where the Tamasa River flows into Ganga. There he sat for years without moving, so still that white ants built an anthill over him. There Valmiki sat inside that anthill for thousands of years with only his eyes showing out, trying to find the True, his hands folded and his mind lost in contemplation.“
In p. 5.
„Rama rules as King in Ayodhya. He is born in the Solar race and a descendant of the Sun; he is brave and gentle and firm in fight. By Rama's command his adorable Queen Sita is being brought here into the forest on a chariot, and though she suspects nothing yet, here she will be left abandoned. Unless you comfort her she will drown herself in Ganga and kill as well her unborn sons by Rama.“
In p. 5. Narada to Valmiki
You will find no rest for the long years of Eternity
For you killed a bird in love and unsuspecting“
In: Ramayana translated by William Buck in:[https://books.google.co.in/books?id=vvuIp2kqIkMC&pg=PA7 Ramayana], Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1 January 2000, p. 7. He expressed anguish in a poetic form when he found the hunter killing the male dove with his arrow.
„This is truly how I remember the ways of the world. Those words I cursed him with make a verse, and that verse could be sung to music.“
In. p. 7. He remembered these words uttered in a verse form, when he got back to his hermitage. It was then that Brahma appeared before him.
„Valmiki stood up and broke free out of that hard anthill. Suddenly he saw all around him many houses of hermits and their families, young trees carefully watered, a retreat cleared from the forest. Four boys ran up to him from the river and cried "The wife of some great warrior weeps by Ganges. She is fair as a Goddess fallen from heaven, all bewildered, all alone, never seen before, with child, and with small gifts tied from the city within a silk cloth beside her. Go to her, welcome her and protect her.“
In p. 6. Narada to Valmiki.
„In all this world, I pray thee, who
Is virtuous, heroic, true?
Firm in his vows, of grateful mind,
To every creature good and kind?
Alone most fair to all men’s eyes?
Devoid of envy, firm, and sage,
Whose tranquil soul ne'er yields to rage?
Whom, when his warrior wrath is high,
Do Gods embattled fear and fly?
Whose noble might and gentle skill
The triple world can guard from ill? Who is the best of princes, he
Who loves his people’s good to see.“
In: King of Siam Rama I [https://books.google.co.in/books?id=OvqbCHa3zWkC&pg=PA19 The-Ramayana], Islamic Books, 1967, p. 19.
„Valmiki went alone to the clear Ganga waterside and bathed. He washed away the anthill dust and peeled grey bark from a tree and made new fresh clothes. Then he sat back resting against a stone. He watched two small water birds in a tree nearby. The male bird was singing to his mate when before Valmiki’s eyes an arrow hit him, and the little bird fell from the limb. He thrashed on the ground an instant and then lay dead and blood drops strained his feathers.“
In: p. 7.
„Would I ever? See how Life goes by, with every creature doing what follows his nature. Master, what can I say to you?“
In p. 5 Narada to Valmiki looking at him intently
„What a crime! There was not one bit of meat on that little bird. What use is a world run all wrong without a grain of mercy on it?“
In. p. 7-8. Perceiving the words thought by Valmiki, Brahma told him "So, by a river, the world's first verse has been born from pity, and love and compassion for a tiny bird has made you a poet. Use your discovery to tell Rama's story, and your verses will defeat Time. As make you poem, Rama's life will be revealed to you, and no word of yours will be untrue.
In p. 6. Narada to Valmiki.