Zitate von Polybios

 Polybios Foto
0  0

Polybios

Geburtstag: 200 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 118 v.Chr

Werbung

Polybios war ein antiker griechischer Geschichtsschreiber, der durch sein Hauptwerk, die Historíai, berühmt wurde. Darin beschreibt er in 40 Büchern die Universalgeschichte Roms über den Zeitraum vom Beginn des Ersten Punischen Krieges bis zur Zerstörung Karthagos und Korinths .

Zitate Polybios

„Had previous chroniclers neglected to speak in praise of History in general, it might perhaps have been necessary for me to recommend everyone to choose for study and welcome such treatises as the present, since men have no more ready corrective of conduct than knowledge of the past.“

—  Polybius
Context: Had previous chroniclers neglected to speak in praise of History in general, it might perhaps have been necessary for me to recommend everyone to choose for study and welcome such treatises as the present, since men have no more ready corrective of conduct than knowledge of the past. But all historians, one may say without exception, and in no half-hearted manner, but making this the beginning and end of their labour, have impressed on us that the soundest education and training for a life of active politics is the study of History, and that surest and indeed the only method of learning how to bear bravely the vicissitudes of fortune, is to recall the calamities of others. Evidently therefore no one, and least of all myself, would think it his duty at this day to repeat what has been so well and so often said. For the very element of unexpectedness in the events I have chosen as my theme will be sufficient to challenge and incite everyone, young and old alike, to peruse my systematic history. For who is so worthless or indolent as not to wish to know by what means and under what system of polity the Romans in less than fifty-three years have succeeded in subjecting nearly the whole inhabited world to their sole government — a thing unique in history? Or who again is there so passionately devoted to other spectacles or studies as to regard anything as of greater moment than the acquisition of this knowledge?

„He indeed who believes that by studying isolated histories he can acquire a fairly just view of history as a whole, is, as it seems to me, much in the case of one, who, after having looked at the dissevered limbs of an animal once alive and beautiful, fancies he has been as good as an eyewitness of the creature itself in all its action and grace.“

—  Polybius
Context: I observe that while several modern writers deal with particular wars and certain matters connected with them, no one, as far as I am aware, has even attempted to inquire critically when and whence the general and comprehensive scheme of events originated and how it led up to the end. I therefore thought it quite necessary not to leave unnoticed or allow to pass into oblivion this the finest and most beneficent of the performances of Fortune. For though she is ever producing something new and ever playing a part in the lives of men, she has not in a single instance ever accomplished such a work, ever achieved such a triumph, as in our own times. We can no more hope to perceive this from histories dealing with particular events than to get at once a notion of the form of the whole world, its disposition and order, by visiting, each in turn, the most famous cities, or indeed by looking at separate plans of each: a result by no means likely. He indeed who believes that by studying isolated histories he can acquire a fairly just view of history as a whole, is, as it seems to me, much in the case of one, who, after having looked at the dissevered limbs of an animal once alive and beautiful, fancies he has been as good as an eyewitness of the creature itself in all its action and grace.

Werbung

„I observe that while several modern writers deal with particular wars and certain matters connected with them, no one, as far as I am aware, has even attempted to inquire critically when and whence the general and comprehensive scheme of events originated and how it led up to the end.“

—  Polybius
Context: I observe that while several modern writers deal with particular wars and certain matters connected with them, no one, as far as I am aware, has even attempted to inquire critically when and whence the general and comprehensive scheme of events originated and how it led up to the end. I therefore thought it quite necessary not to leave unnoticed or allow to pass into oblivion this the finest and most beneficent of the performances of Fortune. For though she is ever producing something new and ever playing a part in the lives of men, she has not in a single instance ever accomplished such a work, ever achieved such a triumph, as in our own times. We can no more hope to perceive this from histories dealing with particular events than to get at once a notion of the form of the whole world, its disposition and order, by visiting, each in turn, the most famous cities, or indeed by looking at separate plans of each: a result by no means likely. He indeed who believes that by studying isolated histories he can acquire a fairly just view of history as a whole, is, as it seems to me, much in the case of one, who, after having looked at the dissevered limbs of an animal once alive and beautiful, fancies he has been as good as an eyewitness of the creature itself in all its action and grace.

„It is a course which perhaps would not have been necessary had it been possible to form a state composed of wise men, but as every multitude is fickle, full of lawless desires, unreasoned passion, and violent anger, the multitude must be held in by invisible terrors and suchlike pageantry. For this reason I think, not that the ancients acted rashly and at haphazard in introducing among the people notions concerning the gods and beliefs in the terrors of hell, but that the moderns are most rash and foolish in banishing such beliefs.“

—  Polybius
Histories, VI, 56:10-12 Often quoted in the version found in The Fine Art of Baloney Detection by Carl Sagan from The Demon-Haunted World: Since the masses of the people are inconstant, full of unruly desires, passionate, and reckless of consequences, they must be filled with fears to keep them in order. The ancients did well, therefore, to invent gods, and the belief in punishment after death.

„All things are subject to decay and change.“

—  Polybius
The General History of Polybius as translated by James Hampton' (1762), Vol. II, pp. 177-178

Werbung

„The only method of learning to bear with dignity the vicissitudes of fortune is to recall the catastrophes of others.“

—  Polybius
Polybius. The Histories of Polybius, trans. Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. London, New York: Macmillan and Co., 1889. Book I, Chapter 1

Werbung

„How striking and grand is the spectacle presented by the period with which I purpose to deal, will be most clearly apparent if we set beside and compare with the Roman dominion the most famous empires of the past, those which have formed the chief theme of historians. Those worthy of being thus set beside it and compared are these. The Persians for a certain period possessed a great rule and dominion, but so often as they ventured to overstep the boundaries of Asia they imperilled not only the security of this empire, but their own existence. The Lacedaemonians, after having for many years disputed the hegemony of Greece, at length attained it but to hold it uncontested for scarce twelve years. The Macedonian rule in Europe extended but from the Adriatic region to the Danube, which would appear a quite insignificant portion of the continent. Subsequently, by overthrowing the Persian empire they became supreme in Asia also. But though their empire was now regarded as the greatest geographically and politically that had ever existed, they left the larger part of the inhabited world as yet outside it. For they never even made a single attempt to dispute possession of Sicily, Sardinia, or Libya, and the most warlike nations of Western Europe were, to speak the simple truth, unknown to them. But the Romans have subjected to their rule not portions, but nearly the whole of the world and possess an empire which is not only immeasurably greater than any which preceded it, but need not fear rivalry in the future. In the course of this work it will become more clearly intelligible by what steps this power was acquired, and it will also be seen how many and how great advantages accrue to the student from the systematic treatment of history.“

—  Polybius

Die heutige Jubiläen
Paul Sethe3
deutscher Publizist, Journalist und Geisteswissenschaftler 1901 - 1967
Max Raabe Foto
Max Raabe4
deutscher Sänger 1962
Theodor Heuss Foto
Theodor Heuss9
ehemaliger Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1884 - 1963
Douglas Fairbanks sen. Foto
Douglas Fairbanks sen.1
US-amerikanischer Schauspieler 1883 - 1939
Weitere 7 heute Jubiläen
Ähnliche Autoren
 Sophokles Foto
Sophokles45
klassischer griechischer Dichter
 Pindar Foto
Pindar8
griechischer Dichter
 Hesiod Foto
Hesiod14
griechischer Dichter
 Archimedes Foto
Archimedes2
antiker griechischer Mathematiker, Physiker und Ingenieur
Alexis De Tocqueville Foto
Alexis De Tocqueville15
französischer Publizist und Politiker
 Herodot Foto
Herodot6
antiker griechischer Geschichtsschreiber, Geograph und Vö...
Friedrich Schiller Foto
Friedrich Schiller248
deutscher Dichter, Philosoph und Historiker
Alexander Issajewitsch Solschenizyn Foto
Alexander Issajewitsch Solschenizyn12
russischer Schriftsteller, Dramatiker, Historiker und Lit...
Alexander der Große Foto
Alexander der Große3
makedonischer Feldherr und König
 Cícero Foto
Cícero84
römischer Politiker, Anwalt, Schriftsteller und Philosoph