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Lukrez

Geburtstag: 94 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 55 v.Chr
Andere Namen: Lucretius Carus, Titus Carus Lucretius

Titus Lucretius Carus war ein römischer Dichter und Philosoph in der Tradition des Epikureismus.

Sein wahrscheinlich unvollendetes Werk De rerum natura ist eine der Hauptquellen zur Philosophie Epikurs, die ansonsten nur in Fragmenten überliefert ist. Wikipedia

„Denn wir sehen, dass nichts von nichts entstehen kann.“

—  Lukrez

De Rerum Natura II, 287; meist zitiert als "Von nichts kommt nichts"
Original lat.: "de nihilo quoniam fieri nihil posse videmus."; meist zitiert als "de/ex nihilo nihil fit" oder "nihil de/ex nihilo fit"

„Uns scheint, dass nichts aus nichts geschaffen werden kann.“

—  Lukrez

De Rerum Natura I, 155f; siehe auch: "Denn wir sehen, daß nichts von nichts entstehen kann."
Original lat.: "viderimus nil posse creari de nihilo"

„Woraus folgt, dass alles ohne Götter geschieht.“

—  Lukrez

De Rerum Natura I, 158
Original lat.: "quo quaeque modo fiant opera sine divom"

„Therefore death is nothing to us, it matters not one jot, since the nature of the mind is understood to be mortal.“

—  Lucretius

Book III, lines 830–831 (tr. Rouse)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Nil igitur mors est ad nos neque pertinet hilum,
quandoquidem natura animi mortalis habetur.

„By protracting life, we do not deduct one jot from the duration of death.“

—  Lucretius

Book III, lines 1087–1088 (tr. Rouse)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Nec prorsum vitam ducendo demimus hilum
tempore de mortis nec delibare valemus.

„Thus the sum of things is ever being renewed, and mortal creatures live dependent one upon another. Some species increase, others diminish, and in a short space the generations of living creatures are changed and, like runners, pass on the torch of life.“

—  Lucretius

Sic rerum summa novatur
semper, et inter se mortales mutua vivunt.
augescunt aliae gentes, aliae minuuntur,
inque brevi spatio mutantur saecla animantum
et quasi cursores vitae lampada tradunt.
Book II, line 75 (tr. Rouse)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Sic rerum summa novatur
semper, et inter se mortales mutua vivunt.
augescunt aliae gentes, aliae minuuntur,
inque brevi spatio mutantur saecla animantum
et quasi cursores vitai lampada tradunt.

„In the midst of the fountain of wit there arises something bitter, which stings in the very flowers.“

—  Lucretius

Book IV, lines 1133–1134 (reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations)
Variant translation: From the midst of the fountain of delights rises something bitter that chokes them all amongst the flowers.
Compare: "Still from the fount of joy's delicious springs / Some bitter o'er the flowers its bubbling venom flings", Lord Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto I, stanza 82
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Medio de fonte leporum
surgit amari aliquid quod in ipsis floribus angat.

„What is food to one, is to others bitter poison.“

—  Lucretius

Book IV, line 637 (reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations)
Compare: "What's one man's poison, signor, / Is another's meat or drink", Beaumont and Fletcher, Love's Cure (1647), Act III, scene 2
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Ut quod ali cibus est aliis fuat acre venenum.

„Yes, to seek power that's vain and never granted
and for it to suffer hardship and endless pain:
this is to heave and strain to push uphill
a boulder, that still from the very top rolls back
and bounds and bounces down to the bare, broad field.“

—  Lucretius

Nam petere imperium quod inanest nec datur umquam,
atque in eo semper durum sufferre laborem,
hoc est adverso nixantem trudere monte
saxa quod tamen e summo iam vertice rursum
volvitur et plani raptim petit aequora campi.
Book III, lines 998–1002 (tr. Frank O. Copley)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Nam petere imperium quod inanest nec datur umquam,
atque in eo semper durum sufferre laborem,
hoc est adverso nixantem trudere monte
saxa quod tamen e summo iam vertice rursum
volvitur et plani raptim petit aequora campi.

„For as children tremble and fear everything in the blind darkness, so we in the light sometimes fear what is no more to be feared than the things that children in the dark hold in terror and imagine will come true. This terror, therefore, and darkness of mind must be dispelled not by the rays of the sun and glittering shafts of daylight, but by the aspect and law of nature.“

—  Lucretius

Book II, lines 55–61 (tr. Rouse)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Nam veluti pueri trepidant atque omnia caecis
in tenebris metuunt, sic nos in luce timemus
interdum, nilo quae sunt metuenda magis quam
quae pueri in tenebris pavitant finguntque futura.
hunc igitur terrorem animi tenebrasque necessest
non radii solis neque lucida tela diei
discutiant sed naturae species ratioque.

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„Why dost thou not retire like a guest sated with the banquet of life, and with calm mind embrace, thou fool, a rest that knows no care?“

—  Lucretius

Book III, lines 938–939 (tr. Bailey)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Cur non ut plenus vitae conviva recedis
aequo animoque capis securam, stulte, quietem?

„But if one should guide his life by true principles, man's greatest riches is to live on a little with contented mind; for a little is never lacking.“

—  Lucretius

Quod siquis vera vitam ratione gubernet,
divitiae grandes homini sunt vivere parvo
aequo animo; neque enim est umquam penuria parvi.
Book V, lines 1117–1119 (tr. Rouse)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Quod siquis vera vitam ratione gubernet,
divitiae grandes homini sunt vivere parvo
aequo animo; neque enim est umquam penuria parvi.

„Nothing is ever gotten out of nothing by divine power.“

—  Lucretius

Book I, line 150 (tr. Munro)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Nullam rem e nihilo gigni divinitus umquam.

„So clearly will truths kindle light for truths.“

—  Lucretius

Book I, line 1117 (tr. W. H. D. Rouse and M. F. Smith)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Ita res accendent lumina rebus.

„Men are eager to tread underfoot what they have once too much feared.“

—  Lucretius

Book V, line 1140 (tr. Rouse)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Nam cupide conculcatur nimis ante metutum.

„The living force of his soul gained the day: on he passed far beyond the flaming walls of the world and traversed throughout in mind and spirit the immeasurable universe.“

—  Lucretius

Book I, lines 72–74 (tr. H. A. J. Munro); of Epicurus.
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Ergo vivida vis animi pervicit et extra
processit longe flammantia moenia mundi
atque omne immensum peragravit mente animoque.

„For every one feels to what purpose he can use his own powers. Before the horns of a calf appear and sprout from his forehead, he butts with them when angry, and pushes passionately.“

—  Lucretius

Book V, lines 1033–1035 (tr. Bailey)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Sentit enim vis quisque suas quoad possit abuti.
cornua nata prius vitulo quam frontibus extent,
illis iratus petit atque infestus inurget.

„A thing therefore never returns to nothing.“

—  Lucretius

Book I, line 248 (tr. Munro)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Haud igitur redit ad nihilum res ulla.

„Cease therefore to be dismayed by the mere novelty and so to reject reason from your mind with loathing: weigh the questions rather with keen judgment and if they seem to you to be true, surrender, or if the thing is false, gird yourself to the encounter.“

—  Lucretius

Book II, lines 1040–1043 (tr. Munro)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Desine qua propter novitate exterritus ipsa
expuere ex animo rationem, sed magis acri
iudicio perpende, et si tibi vera videntur,
dede manus, aut, si falsum est, accingere contra.

„What once sprung from earth sinks back into the earth.“

—  Lucretius

Book II, lines 999–1000 (tr. Bailey)
De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
Original: (la) Cedit item retro, de terra quod fuit ante,
in terras.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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