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Joseph Addison

Geburtstag: 1. Mai 1672
Todesdatum: 17. Juni 1719

Joseph Addison war ein englischer Dichter, Politiker und Journalist in der Frühzeit der Aufklärung.

Zitate Joseph Addison

„Niemand ist so unglücklich wie ein Idol, das sich selbst überlebt hat.“

—  Joseph Addison

The Spectator
"There is not a more unhappy being than a superannuated idol." - The Spectator No. 73 (24 May 1711)

„Eine Frau fragt in Liebessachen selten um Rat, bevor sie ihre Hochzeitskleider gekauft hat.“

—  Joseph Addison

On askin advice in affairs of love
("A woman seldom asks advice before she has bought her wedding clothes." - The Spectator No. 475 (4 September 1712)).

„Sieh, wie friedlich ein Christ sterben kann.“

—  Joseph Addison

Letzte Worte zu seinem Stiefsohn Thomas Tickell, dem späteren Lord Warwick
Original engl.: "See in what peace a Christian can die." - as quoted in Conjectures on Original Composition (1759) by Edward Young

„Noch jetzt, scheint mir, tret ich auf klassischen Boden.“

—  Joseph Addison

Briefe über Italien
"And still I seem to tread on classic ground." - A Letter from Italy, to the Right Honourable Charles, Lord Halifax. 1701.

„Wir tun immer etwas für die Nachwelt; gern würde ich sehen, dass die Nachwelt einmal für uns etwas tut.“

—  Joseph Addison

The Spectator
"We are always doing something for Posterity, but I would fain see Posterity do something for us." - The Spectator No. 587 (20 August 1714)

„When I read the epitaphs of the beautiful, every inordinate desire goes out“

—  Joseph Addison

Thoughts in Westminster Abbey (1711).
Kontext: When I read the epitaphs of the beautiful, every inordinate desire goes out; when I meet with the grief of parents upon a tombstone, my heart melts with compassion; when I see the tomb of the parents themselves, I consider the vanity of grieving for those whom we must quickly follow: when I see kings lying by those who deposed them, when I consider rival wits placed side by side, or the holy men that divided the world with their contests and disputes, I reflect with sorrow and astonishment on the little competitions, factions, and debates of mankind.

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„Reading is to the mind, what exercise is to the body.“

—  Joseph Addison

No. 147.
The Tatler (1711–1714)
Variante: A good conscience is to the soul what health is to the body
Kontext: Reading is to the mind, what exercise is to the body. As by the one, health is preserved, strengthened, and invigorated: by the other, virtue (which is the health of the mind) is kept alive, cherished, and confirmed.

„Perhaps some arm, more lucky than the rest,
May reach his heart, and free the world from bondage.“

—  Joseph Addison, buch Cato

Act II, scene i.
Cato, A Tragedy (1713)
Kontext: My voice is still for war.
Gods! Can a Roman senate long debate
Which of the two to choose, slavery or death?
No, let us rise at once,
Gird on our swords, and,
At the head of our remaining troops, attack the foe,
Break through the thick array of his throng'd legions,
And charge home upon him.
Perhaps some arm, more lucky than the rest,
May reach his heart, and free the world from bondage.

„My voice is still for war.
Gods! Can a Roman senate long debate
Which of the two to choose, slavery or death?“

—  Joseph Addison, buch Cato

Act II, scene i.
Cato, A Tragedy (1713)
Kontext: My voice is still for war.
Gods! Can a Roman senate long debate
Which of the two to choose, slavery or death?
No, let us rise at once,
Gird on our swords, and,
At the head of our remaining troops, attack the foe,
Break through the thick array of his throng'd legions,
And charge home upon him.
Perhaps some arm, more lucky than the rest,
May reach his heart, and free the world from bondage.

„Mysterious love, uncertain treasure,
Hast thou more of pain or pleasure!
Chill'd with tears,
Kill'd with fears,
Endless torments dwell about thee:
Yet who would live, and live without thee!“

—  Joseph Addison

Queen Elinor in Rosamond (c. 1707), Act III, sc. ii.
Kontext: Every star, and every pow'r,
Look down on this important hour:
Lend your protection and defence
Every guard of innocence!
Help me my Henry to assuage,
To gain his love or bear his rage.
Mysterious love, uncertain treasure,
Hast thou more of pain or pleasure!
Chill'd with tears,
Kill'd with fears,
Endless torments dwell about thee:
Yet who would live, and live without thee!

„Consecrate the place and day
To music and Cecilia.
Let no rough winds approach, nor dare
Invade the hallow'd bounds,
Nor rudely shake the tuneful air,
Nor spoil the fleeting sounds.“

—  Joseph Addison

Song for St. Cecilia's Day (1692).
Kontext: Consecrate the place and day
To music and Cecilia.
Let no rough winds approach, nor dare
Invade the hallow'd bounds,
Nor rudely shake the tuneful air,
Nor spoil the fleeting sounds.
Nor mournful sigh nor groan be heard,
But gladness dwell on every tongue;
Whilst all, with voice and strings prepar'd,
Keep up the loud harmonious song,
And imitate the blest above,
In joy, and harmony, and love.

„All the illustrious persons of antiquity, and indeed of every age in the world, have passed through this fiery persecution. There is no defense against reproach but obscurity“

—  Joseph Addison

No. 101 (26 June 1711).
The Spectator (1711–1714)
Kontext: "Censure," says a late ingenious author, "is the tax a man plays for being eminent." It is a folly for an eminent man to think of escaping it, and a weakness to be affected with it. All the illustrious persons of antiquity, and indeed of every age in the world, have passed through this fiery persecution. There is no defense against reproach but obscurity; it is a kind of comitant to greatness, as satires and invectives were an essential part of a Roman triumph.

„There are many more shining qualities in the mind of man, but there is none so useful as discretion“

—  Joseph Addison

No. 225.
The Tatler (1711–1714)
Kontext: There are many more shining qualities in the mind of man, but there is none so useful as discretion; it is this, indeed, which gives a value to all the rest, which sets them at work in their proper times and places, and turns them to the advantage of the person who is possessed of them. Without it, learning is pedantry, and wit impertinence; virtue itself looks like weakness; the best parts only qualify a man to be more sprightly in errors, and active to his own prejudice.

„Let echo, too, perform her part,
Prolonging every note with art“

—  Joseph Addison

Ode for St. Cecilia's Day (1699), st. 4.
Kontext: Let echo, too, perform her part,
Prolonging every note with art;
And in a low expiring strain,
Play all the concert o'er again.

„Keep up the loud harmonious song,
And imitate the blest above,
In joy, and harmony, and love.“

—  Joseph Addison

Song for St. Cecilia's Day (1692).
Kontext: Consecrate the place and day
To music and Cecilia.
Let no rough winds approach, nor dare
Invade the hallow'd bounds,
Nor rudely shake the tuneful air,
Nor spoil the fleeting sounds.
Nor mournful sigh nor groan be heard,
But gladness dwell on every tongue;
Whilst all, with voice and strings prepar'd,
Keep up the loud harmonious song,
And imitate the blest above,
In joy, and harmony, and love.

„At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds.“

—  Joseph Addison

No. 225.
The Tatler (1711–1714)
Kontext: At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds. Discretion points out the noblest ends to us, and pursues the most proper and laudable methods of attaining them: cunning has only private selfish aims, and sticks at nothing which may make them succeed. Discretion has large and extended views, and, like a well-formed eye, commands a whole horizon: cunning is a kind of short-sightedness, that discovers the minutest objects which are near at hand, but is not able to discern things at a distance. Discretion the more it is discovered, gives a greater authority to the person who possesses it: cunning, when it is once detected, loses its force, and makes a man incapable of bringing about even those events which he might have done had he passed only for a plain man. Discretion is the perfection of reason, and a guide to us in all the duties of life: cunning is a kind of instinct, that only looks out after our immediate interest and welfare. Discretion is only found in men of strong sense and good understandings, cunning is often to be met with in brutes themselves, and in persons who are but the fewest removes from them.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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