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Joseph Addison

Geburtstag: 1. Mai 1672
Todesdatum: 17. Juni 1719

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Joseph Addison war ein englischer Dichter, Politiker und Journalist in der Frühzeit der Aufklärung.

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Zitate Joseph Addison

„Wir tun immer etwas für die Nachwelt; gern würde ich sehen, dass die Nachwelt einmal für uns etwas tut.“

—  Joseph Addison
The Spectator "We are always doing something for Posterity, but I would fain see Posterity do something for us." - The Spectator No. 587 (20 August 1714)

„Sieh, wie friedlich ein Christ sterben kann.“

—  Joseph Addison
Letzte Worte zu seinem Stiefsohn Thomas Tickell, dem späteren Lord Warwick Original engl.: "See in what peace a Christian can die." - as quoted in Conjectures on Original Composition (1759) by Edward Young

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„Noch jetzt, scheint mir, tret ich auf klassischen Boden.“

—  Joseph Addison
Briefe über Italien "And still I seem to tread on classic ground." - A Letter from Italy, to the Right Honourable Charles, Lord Halifax. 1701.

„Eine Frau fragt in Liebessachen selten um Rat, bevor sie ihre Hochzeitskleider gekauft hat.“

—  Joseph Addison
On askin advice in affairs of love ("A woman seldom asks advice before she has bought her wedding clothes." - The Spectator No. 475 (4 September 1712)).

„Niemand ist so unglücklich wie ein Idol, das sich selbst überlebt hat.“

—  Joseph Addison
The Spectator "There is not a more unhappy being than a superannuated idol." - The Spectator No. 73 (24 May 1711)

„When I read the epitaphs of the beautiful, every inordinate desire goes out“

—  Joseph Addison
Context: When I read the epitaphs of the beautiful, every inordinate desire goes out; when I meet with the grief of parents upon a tombstone, my heart melts with compassion; when I see the tomb of the parents themselves, I consider the vanity of grieving for those whom we must quickly follow: when I see kings lying by those who deposed them, when I consider rival wits placed side by side, or the holy men that divided the world with their contests and disputes, I reflect with sorrow and astonishment on the little competitions, factions, and debates of mankind. Thoughts in Westminster Abbey (1711).

„Reading is to the mind, what exercise is to the body.“

—  Joseph Addison
The Tatler (1711–1714), Context: Reading is to the mind, what exercise is to the body. As by the one, health is preserved, strengthened, and invigorated: by the other, virtue (which is the health of the mind) is kept alive, cherished, and confirmed. No. 147.

„If men of eminence are exposed to censure on one hand, they are as much liable to flattery on the other. If they receive reproaches which are not due to them, they likewise receive praises which they do not deserve.“

—  Joseph Addison
The Spectator (1711–1714), Context: If men of eminence are exposed to censure on one hand, they are as much liable to flattery on the other. If they receive reproaches which are not due to them, they likewise receive praises which they do not deserve. In a word, the man in a high post is never regarded with an indifferent eye, but always considered as a friend or an enemy. For this reason persons in great stations have seldom their true characters drawn till several years after their deaths. Their personal friendships and enmities must cease, and the parties they were engaged in be at an end, before their faults or their virtues can have justice done them. When writers have the least opportunity of knowing the truth, they are in the best disposition to tell it. It is therefore the privilege of posterity to adjust the characters of illustrious persons, and to set matters right between those antagonists who by their rivalry for greatness divided a whole age into factions. No. 101 (26 June 1711), this has sometimes been quoted as "It is the privilege of posterity to set matters right between those antagonists who, by their rivalry for greatness, divided a whole age".

„There are many more shining qualities in the mind of man, but there is none so useful as discretion“

—  Joseph Addison
The Tatler (1711–1714), Context: There are many more shining qualities in the mind of man, but there is none so useful as discretion; it is this, indeed, which gives a value to all the rest, which sets them at work in their proper times and places, and turns them to the advantage of the person who is possessed of them. Without it, learning is pedantry, and wit impertinence; virtue itself looks like weakness; the best parts only qualify a man to be more sprightly in errors, and active to his own prejudice. No. 225.

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„Mysterious love, uncertain treasure,
Hast thou more of pain or pleasure!
Chill'd with tears,
Kill'd with fears,
Endless torments dwell about thee:
Yet who would live, and live without thee!“

—  Joseph Addison
Context: Every star, and every pow'r, Look down on this important hour: Lend your protection and defence Every guard of innocence! Help me my Henry to assuage, To gain his love or bear his rage. Mysterious love, uncertain treasure, Hast thou more of pain or pleasure! Chill'd with tears, Kill'd with fears, Endless torments dwell about thee: Yet who would live, and live without thee! Queen Elinor in Rosamond (c. 1707), Act III, sc. ii.

„Music religious heat inspires,
It wakes the soul, and lifts it high“

—  Joseph Addison
Context: Music religious heat inspires, It wakes the soul, and lifts it high, And wings it with sublime desires, And fits it to bespeak the Deity. Song for St. Cecilia's Day (1692), st. 4.

„The discreet man finds out the talents of those he converses with, and knows how to apply them to proper uses.“

—  Joseph Addison
The Tatler (1711–1714), Context: The discreet man finds out the talents of those he converses with, and knows how to apply them to proper uses. Accordingly, if we look into particular communities and divisions of men, we may observe that it is the discreet man, not the witty, nor the learned, nor the brave, who guides the conversation, and gives measures to the society. No. 225.

„All the illustrious persons of antiquity, and indeed of every age in the world, have passed through this fiery persecution. There is no defense against reproach but obscurity“

—  Joseph Addison
The Spectator (1711–1714), Context: "Censure," says a late ingenious author, "is the tax a man plays for being eminent." It is a folly for an eminent man to think of escaping it, and a weakness to be affected with it. All the illustrious persons of antiquity, and indeed of every age in the world, have passed through this fiery persecution. There is no defense against reproach but obscurity; it is a kind of comitant to greatness, as satires and invectives were an essential part of a Roman triumph. No. 101 (26 June 1711).

„At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds.“

—  Joseph Addison
The Tatler (1711–1714), Context: At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds. Discretion points out the noblest ends to us, and pursues the most proper and laudable methods of attaining them: cunning has only private selfish aims, and sticks at nothing which may make them succeed. Discretion has large and extended views, and, like a well-formed eye, commands a whole horizon: cunning is a kind of short-sightedness, that discovers the minutest objects which are near at hand, but is not able to discern things at a distance. Discretion the more it is discovered, gives a greater authority to the person who possesses it: cunning, when it is once detected, loses its force, and makes a man incapable of bringing about even those events which he might have done had he passed only for a plain man. Discretion is the perfection of reason, and a guide to us in all the duties of life: cunning is a kind of instinct, that only looks out after our immediate interest and welfare. Discretion is only found in men of strong sense and good understandings, cunning is often to be met with in brutes themselves, and in persons who are but the fewest removes from them. No. 225.

„Strain not the laws to make their tortures grievous.“

—  Joseph Addison, buch Cato
Cato, A Tragedy (1713), Context: See they suffer death, But in their deaths remember they are men, Strain not the laws to make their tortures grievous. Act III, scene v.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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