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Isokratés

Geburtstag: 436 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 338 v.Chr

Isokrates war ein antiker griechischer Rhetor. Er wurde zu den bekannten zehn attischen Rednern gezählt.

Isokrates eröffnete um 390 v. Chr. in Athen eine Schule für Redner. Später war er auch als politischer Publizist tätig. Seine Bedeutung liegt in der Entwicklung neuer literarischer Formen, in seiner Vorbildfunktion für die spätere Rhetorik und seinem damit verbundenen Einfluss auf das antike Bildungswesen sowie in seiner Auseinandersetzung mit Platon.

Zitate Isokratés

„Consider that nothing in human life is stable; for then you will not exult overmuch in prosperity, nor grieve overmuch in adversity.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Context: Consider that nothing in human life is stable; for then you will not exult overmuch in prosperity, nor grieve overmuch in adversity. Rejoice over the good things which come to you, but grieve in moderation over the evils which befall you, and in either case do not expose your heart to others; for it were strange to hide away one's treasure in the house, and yet walk about laying bare one's feelings to the world. Verse 42.

„Spend your leisure time in cultivating an ear attentive to discourse, for in this way you will find that you learn with ease what others have found out with difficulty.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Context: If you love knowledge, you will be a master of knowledge. What you have come to know, preserve by exercise; what you have not learned, seek to add to your knowledge; for it is as reprehensible to hear a profitable saying and not grasp it as to be offered a good gift by one's friends and not accept it. Spend your leisure time in cultivating an ear attentive to discourse, for in this way you will find that you learn with ease what others have found out with difficulty. Verse 18.

„Always when you are about to say anything, first weigh it in your mind; for with many the tongue outruns the thought.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Context: Always when you are about to say anything, first weigh it in your mind; for with many the tongue outruns the thought. Let there be but two occasions for speech — when the subject is one which you thoroughly know and when it one on which you are compelled to speak. On these occasions alone is speech better than silence; on all others, it is better to be silent than to speak. Verse 41.

„Never hope to conceal any shameful thing which you have done; for even if you do conceal it from others, your own heart will know.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Context: Never hope to conceal any shameful thing which you have done; for even if you do conceal it from others, your own heart will know. … Pursue the enjoyments which are of good repute; for pleasure attended by honor is the best thing in the world, but pleasure without honor is the worst. Verse 16.

„Guard yourself against accusations, even if they are false; for the multitude are ignorant of the truth and look only to reputation.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Context: Guard yourself against accusations, even if they are false; for the multitude are ignorant of the truth and look only to reputation. In all things resolve to act as though the whole world would see what you do; for even if you conceal your deeds for the moment, later you will be found out. But most of all will you have the respect of men, if you are seen to avoid doing things which you would blame others for doing. Verse 17.

„The greatest thing in the small compass is a sound mind in a human body.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Context: The greatest thing in the small compass is a sound mind in a human body. Strive with all your body to be a lover of toil, and with your soul to be a lover of wisdom, in order that with the one you may have the strength to carry out your resolves, and with the other the intelligence to foresee what is for your good. Verse 40.

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„Democracy destroys itself because it abuses its right to freedom and equality. Because it teaches its citizens to consider audacity as a right, lawlessness as a freedom, abrasive speech as equality, and anarchy as progress.“

—  Isocrates
Misattributed, A falsified quote invented during the 2010 financial crisis. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Isoc.+7+20&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0144 Isocrates' actual, more nuanced, quote runs as follows: Those who directed the state in the time of Solon and Cleisthenes did not establish a polity which … trained the citizens in such fashion that they looked upon insolence as democracy, lawlessness as liberty, impudence of speech as equality, and licence to do what they pleased as happiness, but rather a polity which detested and punished such men and by so doing made all the citizens better and wiser. Areopagiticus, 7.20 (Norlin)

„If you are fond of learning, you will soon be full of learning.“

—  Isocrates
To Demonicus, Ἐὰν ᾖς φιλομαθής, ἔσει πολυμαθής 18

„What thou thyself hatest, do to no man.“

—  Isocrates
ἃ πάσχοντες ὑφʹ ἑτέρων ὀργίζεσθε, ταῦτα τοὺς ἄλλους μὴ ποιεῖτε. Nicocles or the Cyprians, 3.61

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