Zitate von Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh Foto
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Ho Chi Minh

Geburtstag: 19. Mai 1890
Todesdatum: 2. September 1969

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Hồ Chí Minh war ein vietnamesischer Revolutionär und kommunistischer Politiker, Premierminister und Präsident der Demokratischen Republik Vietnam.

Nach mehreren Stationen im Ausland, darunter Paris und Moskau, gehörte Hồ Chí Minh 1930 in Hongkong zu den Gründern der Kommunistischen Partei Indochinas, aus der später die Kommunistische Partei Vietnams hervorging. 1941 wurde er in Vietnam zum Anführer der neu gegründeten Việt Minh, die im Zweiten Weltkrieg gegen die japanischen Besatzer und die vichy-französische Kolonialmacht, die mit den Japanern kollaborierte, kämpfte. Nach der Ausrufung der Unabhängigkeit am 2. September 1945 ging der Kampf um Vietnam jedoch weiter: zuerst im Indochinakrieg gegen Frankreich , dann im Vietnamkrieg , dessen Ende Hồ Chí Minh nicht mehr erlebte.

1976 wurde Vietnam wiedervereinigt. Saigon, die frühere Hauptstadt von Südvietnam, wurde in Ho-Chi-Minh-Stadt umbenannt.

Zitate Ho Chi Minh

„Wer ein Gewehr hat, nehme sein Gewehr, wer einen Säbel hat, nehme seinen Säbel, wer keinen hat, nehme eine Hacke oder einen Knüppel.“

— Ho Chi Minh
während des Indochina-Krieges 1946; Der Spiegel: Immer siegreich, Heftausgabe vom 8. September 1969

„A people who have courageously opposed French domination for more than eighty years, a people who have fought side by side with the Allies against the Fascists during these last years, such a people must be free and independent.“

— Ho Chi Minh
Context: A people who have courageously opposed French domination for more than eighty years, a people who have fought side by side with the Allies against the Fascists during these last years, such a people must be free and independent. For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, solemnly declare to the world that Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country and in fact it already has been so. The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilise all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty. Vietnamese Proclamation of Independence (2 September 1945), Ho Chi Minh, Selected Works (1960-1962), Vol. 3, pp. 17-21

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„The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilise all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty.“

— Ho Chi Minh
Context: A people who have courageously opposed French domination for more than eighty years, a people who have fought side by side with the Allies against the Fascists during these last years, such a people must be free and independent. For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, solemnly declare to the world that Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country and in fact it already has been so. The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilise all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty. Vietnamese Proclamation of Independence (2 September 1945), Ho Chi Minh, Selected Works (1960-1962), Vol. 3, pp. 17-21

„You fools! Don't you realize what it means if the Chinese remain? Don't you remember your history? The last time the Chinese came, they stayed a thousand years. The French are foreigners. They are weak. Colonialism is dying. The white man is finished in Asia. But if the Chinese stay now, they will never go. As for me, I prefer to sniff French shit for five years than to eat Chinese shit for the rest of my life.“

— Ho Chi Minh
As quoted in Vietnam : A History (1983) by Stanley Karnow, p. 153; also in A Phoenix Reborn: Travels in New Vietnam (2008) by Andrew Forbes The historian Professor Liam Kelley of the University of Hawaii at Manoa on his Le Minh Khai's SEAsian History Blog challenged the authenticity of the alleged quote where Ho Chi Minh said he would rather sniff French shit than eat Chinese shit, noting that Stanley Karnow provided no source for the extended quote attributed to Ho in his 1983 Vietnam: A History, and that the original quote was most likely forged by the Frenchman Paul Mus in his 1952 book Viêt-Nam: Sociologie d’une Guerre, Mus was a supporter of French colonialism in Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh knew that there was no danger of Chinese troops staying in Vietnam, and in fact the Vietnamese at the time were busy spreading anti-French propaganda as evidence of French atrocities in Vietnam emerged, while Ho Chi Minh showed no qualms about accepting Chinese aid after 1949. https://leminhkhai.wordpress.com/2012/09/01/ho-chi-minh-said-what/ ([https://web.archive.org/web/20141014090118/http://manoa.hawaii.edu/history/node/44 proof that he runs the blog])

„Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom... Independence without freedom is worse than no independence.“

— Ho Chi Minh
As quoted in [https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1991/10/20/vietnam-the-betrayal-of-a-revolution/baef22ef-5ee7-43f0-97d3-7dc02ab24533/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.865c3958cb61 Vietnam: The Betrayal of a Revolution] (20 October 1991), by Bui Tin

„The Trotskyists are not only the enemies of Communism, they are also the enemies of democracy and of progress. They are the most infamous traitors and spies.“

— Ho Chi Minh
From a letter sent to the Communist Party of Vietnam, quoted in [https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/document/vietnam/pirani/hochiminh.htm Vietnam & Trotskyism] (1987)

„Remember that the storm is a good opportunity for the pine and the cypress to show their strength and their stability.“

— Ho Chi Minh
As quoted in From Colonialism to Communism : A Case History of North Vietnam (1964) by Văn Chí Hoàng, p. 37

„Nothing is more precious than Independence and Liberty.“

— Ho Chi Minh
Political slogan, quoted in Ho Chi Minh and His Vietnam : A Personal Memoir (1972) by Jean Sainteny, p. 172 Variant translation: Nothing is more valuable than freedom and independence. World Marxist Review: Problems of Peace and Socialism (1979), p. 91

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