Zitate von Simone Weil

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Simone Weil

Geburtstag: 3. Februar 1909
Todesdatum: 24. August 1943
Andere Namen:Simone Weilová

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Simone Adolphine Weil war eine französische Philosophin, Dozentin und Lehrerin sowie Sozialrevolutionärin jüdischer Abstammung. Sie war politisch und sozial stark engagiert und hat Aktion und Kontemplation verbunden. Ihr Bruder war der Mathematiker André Weil.

Zunächst war sie eine agnostisch orientierte Gewerkschafterin und gleichwohl Kritikerin des Marxismus. Später entwickelte sie sich zu einer bekannten Mystikerin. Die Einheit von Politik und Religion hat sie niemals aufgegeben. Das Leben betrachtete sie als eine Suche nach dem Absoluten. Ihr Denken war von christlicher Mystik sowie von platonischen und buddhistischen Einsichten geprägt, darüber hinaus auch von der jüdischen Tradition, wozu sie sich aber nicht bekannte. Auf sie geht der Gedanke der „décréation“ zurück, der „totalen Selbstentäußerung des Menschen vor Gott“.

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Zitate Simone Weil

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„Science is voiceless; it is the scientists who talk.“

— Simone Weil
Context: "Science affirms that..." Science is voiceless; it is the scientists who talk. “Reflections on quantum theory,” p. 57

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„To believe that the desire for good is always fulfilled — that is faith, and whoever has it is not an atheist.“

— Simone Weil
Context: In order to obey God, one must receive his commands. How did it happen that I received them in adolescence, while I was professing atheism? To believe that the desire for good is always fulfilled — that is faith, and whoever has it is not an atheist. Last Notebook (1942) p. 137

„The needs of the soul can for the most part be listed in pairs of opposites which balance and complete one another.“

— Simone Weil
Context: The needs of the soul can for the most part be listed in pairs of opposites which balance and complete one another. The human soul has need of equality and of hierarchy. Equality is the public recognition, effectively expressed in institutions and manners, of the principle that an equal degree of attention is due to the needs of all human beings. Hierarchy is the scale of responsibilities. Since attention is inclined to direct itself upwards and remain fixed, special provisions are necessary to ensure the effective compatibility of equality and hierarchy.

„To anyone who does actually consent to directing his attention and love beyond the world, towards the reality that exists outside the reach of all human faculties, it is given to succeed in doing so. In that case, sooner or later, there descends upon him a part of the good, which shines through him upon all that surrounds him.“

— Simone Weil
Context: There is a reality outside the world, that is to say, outside space and time, outside man's mental universe, outside any sphere whatsoever that is accessible to human faculties. Corresponding to this reality, at the centre of the human heart, is the longing for an absolute good, a longing which is always there and is never appeased by any object in this world. Another terrestrial manifestation of this reality lies in the absurd and insoluble contradictions which are always the terminus of human thought when it moves exclusively in this world. Just as the reality of this world is the sole foundation of facts, so that other reality is the sole foundation of good. That reality is the unique source of all the good that can exist in this world: that is to say, all beauty, all truth, all justice, all legitimacy, all order, and all human behaviour that is mindful of obligations. Those minds whose attention and love are turned towards that reality are the sole intermediary through which good can descend from there and come among men. Although it is beyond the reach of any human faculties, man has the power of turning his attention and love towards it. Nothing can ever justify the assumption that any man, whoever he may be, has been deprived of this power. It is a power which is only real in this world in so far as it is exercised. The sole condition for exercising it is consent. This act of consent may be expressed, or it may not be, even tacitly; it may not be clearly conscious, although it has really taken place in the soul. Very often it is verbally expressed although it has not in fact taken place. But whether expressed or not, the one condition suffices: that it shall in fact have taken place. To anyone who does actually consent to directing his attention and love beyond the world, towards the reality that exists outside the reach of all human faculties, it is given to succeed in doing so. In that case, sooner or later, there descends upon him a part of the good, which shines through him upon all that surrounds him.

„Religion in so far as it is a source of consolation is a hindrance to true faith; and in this sense atheism is a purification.“

— Simone Weil
Context: Religion in so far as it is a source of consolation is a hindrance to true faith; and in this sense atheism is a purification. I have to be an atheist with that part of myself which is not made for God. Among those in whom the supernatural part of themselves has not been awakened, the atheists are right and the believers wrong. "Faiths of Meditation; Contemplation of the divine" as translated in The Simone Weil Reader (1957) edited by George A. Panichas, p. 417

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„The human soul has need of truth and of freedom of expression.“

— Simone Weil
Context: The human soul has need of truth and of freedom of expression. The need for truth requires that intellectual culture should be universally accessible, and that it should be able to be acquired in an environment neither physically remote nor psychologically alien.

„Conscience is deceived by the social.“

— Simone Weil
Context: Conscience is deceived by the social. Our supplementary energy (imaginative) is to a great extent taken up with the social. It has to be detached from it. That is the most difficult of detachments. p. 123

„It is the aim of public life to arrange that all forms of power are entrusted, so far as possible, to men who effectively consent to be bound by the obligation towards all human beings which lies upon everyone, and who understand the obligation.“

— Simone Weil
Context: It is the aim of public life to arrange that all forms of power are entrusted, so far as possible, to men who effectively consent to be bound by the obligation towards all human beings which lies upon everyone, and who understand the obligation. Law is the quality of the permanent provisions for making this aim effective.

„But a war of any scope will give rise to others as formidable.“

— Simone Weil
Context: The prospects of revolution seem therefore quite restricted. For can a revolution avoid war? It is, however, on this feeble chance that we must stake everything or abandon all hope. An advanced country will not encounter, in the case of revolution, the difficulties which in backward Russia served as a base for the barbarous regime of Stalin. But a war of any scope will give rise to others as formidable. "Reflections on War" (1933); also in Formative Writings (2009)

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