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Osho

Geburtstag: 11. Dezember 1931
Todesdatum: 19. Januar 1990
Andere Namen: Ошо (Бхагван Шри Раджниш), Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh

Osho war ein indischer Philosoph und Begründer der Neo-Sannyas-Bewegung.

Der geborene „Chandra Mohan Jain“ gab sich zeit seines Lebens wechselnde Namen. Er nannte sich Mitte der 1960er bis Anfang der 1970er Jahre Acharya Rajneesh nach seinem Spitznamen Rajneesh , danach bis Ende 1988 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, kurz Bhagwan, und erst ab 1989 bis zu seinem Tod im Jahr darauf „Osho“.

Osho wurde und wird bis heute von vielen als weiser spiritueller Lehrer betrachtet, von anderen als umstrittener Anführer einer „neuen religiösen Bewegung“ kritisiert. Seine Lehre beeinflusste in der westlichen Welt unter anderem die Ideologie des New Age. Er entwickelte auch die heute verbreitete Dynamische Meditation.

In jungen Jahren studierte Osho Philosophie und lehrte dieses Fach daraufhin; ab 1960 als Professor an der Universität Jabalpur. Während der 1960er Jahre reiste Osho nebenbei als Vortragsredner durch Indien. Er war zunächst bekannt als Kritiker des Sozialismus, von Mahatma Gandhi sowie der Mainstream-Religionen. Osho betonte die Wichtigkeit von Meditation, Achtsamkeit , Liebe, Zelebration, Mut, Kreativität, und Humor — alles Qualitäten, die er als psychologisch unterdrückt durch das verbreitete Anhaften an statische Glaubenssysteme, religiöse Traditionen und Sozialisation betrachtete. Seine Befürwortung einer offeneren Haltung der Sexualität des Menschen gegenüber wurde im Indien der späten 1960er Jahre heftig kritisiert und machte ihn später auch im deutschsprachigen Raum als Sex-Guru bekannt.1970 zog er nach Bombay . Zu dieser Zeit erweiterte er sein Repertoire um Diskurse zu bedeutenden religiösen Texten und den Werken bekannter Philosophen und Mystiker, wurde zum spirituellen Anführer und erhielt erste Anhänger, aus denen sich die schnell wachsende Neo-Sannyas-Bewegung entwickelte. 1974 zog er nach Pune um, wo um ihn herum ein Ashram entstand. Hier wurde der wachsenden Gefolgschaft aus der westlichen Welt eine Vielzahl von Therapiemöglichkeiten angeboten. Diese bezogen unter anderem Methoden mit ein, die aus dem Human Potential Movement stammen.Ende der 1970er Jahre wurde die bis dahin stetige Vergrößerung des Ashrams durch die sich intensivierenden Spannungen zwischen der Bewegung und der herrschenden Regierung der Janata Party unter Premierminister Morarji Desai sowie daraus folgende hohe nachträgliche Steuerforderungen gedämpft. Dadurch wurde seine Bewegung dazu gezwungen, ihren Hauptsitz in die Vereinigten Staaten zu verlegen. So entstand 1981 in Wasco County in Oregon die Stadt Rajneeshpuram mit mehreren tausend Einwohnern. Wegen anhaltenden Konflikten seiner Bewegung mit Anwohnern und der US-Regierung war der Aufbau und Betrieb des Ashrams dort nur wenige Jahre lang erfolgreich. Nachdem einige seiner Anhänger unter der Führung seiner persönlichen Sekretärin Ma Anand Sheela in den Jahren 1984 und 1985 mehrere schwere Verbrechen begangen hatten, wurde er 1985 infolge eines Gerichtsurteils aus den USA ausgewiesen. Nach mehreren anderen kurzen internationalen Stationen kehrte er im Jahr darauf nach Indien zurück, wo er den Großteil seines restlichen Lebens in seinem wiederbelebten Ashram in Pune verbrachte. Dort starb er 1990 im Alter von nur 58 Jahren; offizielle Todesursache war Herzversagen. Oshos Popularität vergrößerte sich nach seinem Tod noch weiter und hält bis heute an. Wikipedia

„Es war gut von Friedrich Nietzsche, Gott für tot zu erklären – ich aber sage, dass er überhaupt nie auf die Welt gekommen ist. Er ist eine Geschichte, eine Erfindung: keine Entdeckung. Versteht ihr den Unterschied zwischen einer Erfindung und einer Entdeckung? Eine Entdeckung hat mit der Wirklichkeit zu tun; eine Erfindung dagegen ist von euch fabriziert worden.“

—  Osho

Osho: "God is Dead, Now Zen is the Only Living Truth", Rebel Publishing House, Köln, 1989, ISBN 3-89338-081-7, Kapitel 1. Ein Video des englischen Originalvortrags wurde vom Urheberrechtsinhaber online http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBEIeRSLb8k verfügbar gemacht. Deutsche Übersetzung: S. Jayen.
Original englisch; "It was good of Friedrich Nietzsche to declare God dead – I declare that he has never been born. It is a created fiction, an invention, not a discovery. Do you understand the difference between invention and discovery? A discovery is about truth, an invention is manufactured by you." - http://www.iwise.com/2w4Ku

„I would like that what I am doing is not lost. So I am trying in every possible way to drop all those things which in the past have been barriers for the revolution to continue and grow.“

—  Rajneesh

The Last Testament : Interviews with the World Press (1986)
Kontext: I would like that what I am doing is not lost. So I am trying in every possible way to drop all those things which in the past have been barriers for the revolution to continue and grow. I don't want anybody to stand between the individual and existence. No prayer, no priest... you alone are enough to face the sunrise, you don't need somebody to interpret for you what a beautiful sunrise it is... And this is my attitude: you are here, every individual is here, the whole existence is available. All that you need is just to be silent and listen to existence. There is no need of any religion, there is no need of any God, there is no need of any priesthood, there is no need of any organization. I trust in the individual categorically. Nobody up to now has trusted in the individual in such a way.

„It is not decided by votes what is true; otherwise we could never come to any truth, ever.“

—  Rajneesh

Your Answers Questioned (2003)
Kontext: It is not decided by votes what is true; otherwise we could never come to any truth, ever. People will vote for what is comfortable — and lies are very comfortable because you don't have to do anything about them, you just have to believe. Truth needs great effort, discovery, risk, and it needs you to walk alone on a path that nobody has traveled before.

„Whenever I meet prostitutes, they never speak of sex. They inquire about the soul, and about God. I also meet many ascetics and monks, and whenever we are alone they ask about nothing but sex.“

—  Rajneesh

From Sex to Superconsciousness
Kontext: Whenever I meet prostitutes, they never speak of sex. They inquire about the soul, and about God. I also meet many ascetics and monks, and whenever we are alone they ask about nothing but sex. I was surprised to learn that ascetics, who are always preaching against sex, seem to be captivated by it. They are curious about it and disturbed by it; they have this mental complex about it, yet they sermonize about religion and about the animal instincts in man. And sex is so natural.

„I am the white cloud, and the whole effort is to make you also white clouds drifting in the sky. Nowhere to go, coming from nowhere, just being there this very moment — perfect.“

—  Rajneesh

My Way: The Way of the White Clouds (1995)
Kontext: Find moments when you are not, and those will be the moments when you will be for the first time... really. So I am the white cloud, and the whole effort is to make you also white clouds drifting in the sky. Nowhere to go, coming from nowhere, just being there this very moment — perfect. I don't teach you any ideals, I don't teach you any oughts. I don't say to you be this, become that. My whole teaching is simply this: Whatsoever you are, accept it so totally that nothing is left to be achieved, and you will become a white cloud.

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„A weak ego cannot be dissolved.“

—  Rajneesh

My Way: The Way of the White Clouds (1995)
Kontext: Only a ripe fruit falls to the ground. Ripeness is all. An unripe ego cannot be thrown, cannot be destroyed. And if you struggle with an unripe ego to destroy and dissolve it, the whole effort is going to be a failure. Rather than destroying it, you will find it more strengthened in new subtle ways. This is something basic to be understood: the ego must come to a peak, it must be strong, it must have attained an integrity — only then can you dissolve it. A weak ego cannot be dissolved.

„Any mundane activity can become meditative. Digging a hole in the garden, planting new roses in the garden — you can do it with such tremendous love and compassion, you can do it with the hands of a buddha.“

—  Rajneesh

Hyakujo: The Everest of Zen
Kontext: Any mundane activity can become meditative. Digging a hole in the garden, planting new roses in the garden — you can do it with such tremendous love and compassion, you can do it with the hands of a buddha. There is no contradiction … I say unto you, your every act should be a ceremony. If you can bring your consciousness, your awareness, your intelligence to the act, if you can be spontaneous, then there is no need for any other religion: life itself will be the religion.

„Nature has come to a point where now, unless you take individual responsibility, you cannot grow.“

—  Rajneesh

Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram
Kontext: Nature has come to a point where now, unless you take individual responsibility, you cannot grow. More than this nature cannot do. It has done enough. It has given you life, it has given you opportunity; now how to use it, it has left up to you. Meditation is your freedom, not a biological necessity. You can learn in a certain period of time every day to strengthen meditation, to make it stronger — but carry the flavor of it the whole day.

„Nobody can teach you love. Love you have to find yourself, within your being, by raising your consciousness to higher levels.“

—  Rajneesh

Sat Chit Anand
Kontext: Nobody can teach you love. Love you have to find yourself, within your being, by raising your consciousness to higher levels. And when love comes, there is no question of responsibility. You do things because you enjoy doing them for the person you love. You are not obliging the person, you are not even wanting anything in return, not even gratitude. On the contrary, you are grateful that the person has allowed you to do something for him. It was your joy, sheer joy. Love knows nothing of responsibility. It does many things, it is very creative; it shares all that it has, but it is not a responsibility, remember. Responsibility is an ugly word in comparison to love. Love is natural. Responsibility is created by the cunning priests, politicians who want to dominate you in the name of God, in the name of the nation, in the name of family, in the name of religion -- any fiction will do. But they don't talk about love. On the contrary, they are all against love, because love is unable to be controlled by them. A man of love acts out of his own heart, not according to any moral code. A man of love will not join the army because it is his responsibility to fight for his nation. A man of love will say there are no nations, and there is no question of any fight.

„Only the future … as man becomes more and more available to the mysterious, to the meaningless yet significant … After a hundred years they will understand. Because the more man becomes aware of the mysterious side of life, the less he is political; the less he is a Hindu, a Mohammedan, a Christian; the less is the possibility for his being a fanatic. A man in tune with the mysterious is humble, loving, caring, accepting the uniqueness of everybody. He is rejoicing in the freedom of each individual, because only with freedom can this garden of humanity be a rich place.“

—  Rajneesh

The Osho Upanishad
Kontext: I do not ordinarily make prophecies, but about this I am absolutely prophetic: the coming hundred years are going to be more and more irrational, and more and more mystical. The second thing: After a hundred years people will be perfectly able to understand why I was misunderstood — because I am the beginning of the mystical, the irrational. I am a discontinuity with the past. The past cannot understand me; only the future will understand. The past can only condemn me. It cannot understand me, it cannot answer me, it cannot argue with me; it can only condemn me. Only the future … as man becomes more and more available to the mysterious, to the meaningless yet significant … After a hundred years they will understand. Because the more man becomes aware of the mysterious side of life, the less he is political; the less he is a Hindu, a Mohammedan, a Christian; the less is the possibility for his being a fanatic. A man in tune with the mysterious is humble, loving, caring, accepting the uniqueness of everybody. He is rejoicing in the freedom of each individual, because only with freedom can this garden of humanity be a rich place.

„Ecstasy is our very nature, not to be ecstatic is simply unnecessary. To be ecstatic is natural, spontaneous. It needs no effort to be ecstatic, it needs great effort to be miserable.“

—  Rajneesh

The Book of Wisdom
Kontext: Ecstasy is our very nature, not to be ecstatic is simply unnecessary. To be ecstatic is natural, spontaneous. It needs no effort to be ecstatic, it needs great effort to be miserable. That's why you look so tired, because misery is real hard work; to maintain it is really difficult, because you are doing something against the nature. You are going upstream — that's what misery is.

„Buddha declared before his death that he would be coming again after twenty-five centuries, and that his name would be Maitreya. Maitreya means the friend.“

—  Rajneesh

The Last Testament : Interviews with the World Press (1986)
Kontext: Buddha declared before his death that he would be coming again after twenty-five centuries, and that his name would be Maitreya. Maitreya means the friend. Buddhas don't come back; no enlightened person ever comes back, so it is just a way of saying... What he was saying is of tremendous importance. It has nothing to do with his coming back; he cannot come back. What he meant was that the ancient relationship between the Master and the disciple would become irrelevant in twenty-five centuries. It was his clarity of perception — he was not predicting anything — just his clarity to see that as things are changing, as they have changed in the past and as they go on changing, it would take at least twenty-five centuries for the Master and disciple relationship to become out of date. Then the enlightened Master will be only the friend. I had always wanted not to be a Master to anybody. But people want a Master, they want to be disciples; hence, I played the role. It is time that I should say to you that now many of you are ready to accept me as the friend. Those who are in tune with me continuously, without any break, are the only real friends...

„Look for the mysterious in life.“

—  Rajneesh

My Way: The Way of the White Clouds (1995)
Kontext: Look for the mysterious in life. Wherever you look — in the white clouds, in the stars in the night, in the flowers, in a flowing river — wherever you look, look for the mystery. And whenever you find that a mystery is there, meditate on it. Meditation means: dissolve yourself before that mystery, annihilate yourself before that mystery, disperse yourself before that mystery. Be no more, and let the mystery be so total that you are absorbed in it. And suddenly a new door opens, a new perception is achieved.

„It was good of Friedrich Nietzsche to declare God dead — I declare that he has never been born. It is a created fiction, an invention, not a discovery. Do you understand the difference between invention and discovery? A discovery is about truth, an invention is manufactured by you. It is man-manufactured fiction.“

—  Rajneesh

God is Dead, Now Zen is the Only Living Truth (1989) YouTube video of the lecture http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBEIeRSLb8k
Kontext: It was good of Friedrich Nietzsche to declare God dead — I declare that he has never been born. It is a created fiction, an invention, not a discovery. Do you understand the difference between invention and discovery? A discovery is about truth, an invention is manufactured by you. It is man-manufactured fiction. Certainly it has given consolation, but consolation is not the right thing! Consolation is opium. It keeps you unaware of the reality, and life is flowing past you so quickly — seventy years will be gone soon. Anybody who gives you a belief system is your enemy, because the belief system becomes the barrier for your eyes, you cannot see the truth. The very desire to find the truth disappears. But in the beginning it is bitter if all your belief systems are taken away from you. The fear and anxiety which you have been suppressing for millennia, which is there, very alive, will surface immediately. No God can destroy it, only the search for truth and the experience of truth — not a belief — is capable of healing all your wounds, of making you a whole being. And the whole person is the holy person to me.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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