Zitate von Karl I. von England
Karl I. von England
Geburtstag: 19. November 1600
Todesdatum: 30. Januar 1649
Andere Namen: Re Carlo I d'Inghilterra
Karl I. aus dem Haus Stuart war von 1625 bis 1649 König von England, Schottland und Irland. Seine Versuche, in England und Schottland eine gleichförmige Kirchenverfassung einzuführen und im Sinne des Absolutismus ohne Parlament zu regieren, lösten den englischen Bürgerkrieg aus, der mit Karls Hinrichtung und der zeitweiligen Abschaffung der Monarchie endete. Wikipedia
Zitate Karl I. von England
„Für die Leute. Und aufrichtig wünsche ich mir ihre Freiheit und Unabhängigkeit so sehr wie jeder andere Körper. Aber ich muss Ihnen sagen, dass ihre Freiheit und Unabhängigkeit darin besteht, eine Regierung zu haben; jene Gesetze, nach denen ihr Leben und ihre Güter am ehesten ihre eigenen sind. Es ist nicht für sie, einen Anteil an der Regierung zu haben (Sir). Ein Subjekt und ein Souverän sind verschiedene saubere Dinge, und solange sie das nicht tun, bedeutet das, dass Sie die Menschen in diese Freiheit versetzen, wie ich sage, werden sie sich bestimmt nie amüsieren.
„I cannot flatter myself with the expectation of good success more than this, to end my days with honour and a good conscience.“
Remark to Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1646, just before surrendering to Parliament and its New Model Army. As quoted in Early Modern England: A Narrative History (2009) by Robert Bucholz and Newton Key, p. 258
Kontext: I confess that, speaking as a mere soldier or statesman, there is no probability of my ruin; yet, as a Christian, I must tell you that God will not suffer rebels and traitors to prosper, nor this cause be overthrown, and whatever personal punishment it shall please hi to inflict on me, must not make me repine, much less give over this quarrel... Indeed, I cannot flatter myself with the expectation of good success more than this, to end my days with honour and a good conscience.
„For the people. And truly I desire their Liberty and Freedom as much as any Body whomsoever. But I must tell you, That their Liberty and Freedom, consists in having of Government; those Laws, by which their Life and their goods may be most their own. It is not for having a share in government (Sir) that is nothing pertaining to them. A subject and a sovereign are clean different things, and therefore until they do that, I mean, that you do put the people in that liberty as I say, certainly they will never enjoy themselves.
Sirs, It was for this that now I Have come here. If I would have given way to an Arbitrary way, for to have all Laws changed according to the power of the Sword, I needed not to have come here; and therefore, I tell you, (and I pray God it be not laid to your charge) That I Am the Martyr of the People.“
On the scaffold before his execution. ( 30 January, 1649 http://anglicanhistory.org/charles/charles1.html).
Declaration on the dissolution of Parliament (10 March 1628)
„Be your holiness persuaded that I am, and ever shall be, of such moderation as to keep aloof, as far as possible, from every undertaking which may testify any hatred towards the Roman Catholic religion. Nay, rather I will seize all opportunities, by a gentle and generous mode of conduct, to remove all sinister suspicions entirely; so that, as we all confess one undivided Trinity and one Christ crucified, we may be banded together unanimously into one faith.“
Letter to Pope Gregory XV (20 April 1623).
Sir Charles Petrie (ed.), The Letters...of King Charles I (1935), p. 16.
„I am no less confident, that no learned lawyer will affirm that an impeachment can lie against the King, they all going in his name: and one of their maxims is, that the King can do no wrong.“
Reasons for declining the jurisdiction of the High Court of Justice http://www.constitution.org/eng/conpur083.htm (21 January 1649)
„I go from a corruptible to an incorruptible Crown, where no disturbance can be, no disturbance in the World.“
Last words, said on the scaffold before his execution. ( 30 January, 1649 http://anglicanhistory.org/charles/charles1.html).
„Since I see all the birds are flown, I do expect from you that you will send them unto me as soon as they return hither. But, I assure you on the word of a king, I never did intend any force, but shall proceed against them in a legal and fair way, for I never meant any other.“
Statement in the House of Commons after failing to arrest five members (4 January 1642), from the journal of Sir Simonds d'Ewes