Zitate von Ferdinand de Saussure

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Ferdinand de Saussure

Geburtstag: 26. November 1857
Todesdatum: 22. Februar 1913

Ferdinand de Saussure war ein Schweizer Sprachwissenschaftler. Er hat insbesondere den Strukturalismus und die Semiotik nachhaltig geprägt.

Werk

Zitate Ferdinand de Saussure

„Es es ist oft leichter, eine Wahrheit zu entdecken, als ihr den gehörigen Platz anzuweisen.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Grundfragen der allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft, Walter de Gruyter & Co, Berlin 1967, S. 79
"il est souvent plus aisé de découvrir une vérité que de lui assigner la place qui lui revient."

„Speech has both an individual and a social side, and we cannot conceive of one without the other.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 9

„Language is a system of signs that express ideas, and is therefore comparable to a system of writing, the alphabet of deaf-mutes, symbolic rites, polite formulas, military signals, etc. But it is the most important of all these systems.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 16 ; Partly cited in; Geza Revesz, The Origins and Prehistory of Language, London 1956. p. 126

„Time changes all things; there is no reason why language should escape this universal law.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 77
Kontext: The causes of continuity are a priori within the scope of the observer, but the causes of change in time are not. It is better not to attempt giving an exact account at this point, but to restrict discussion to the shifting of relationships in general. Time changes all things; there is no reason why language should escape this universal law.

„The characteristic role of language with respect to thought is not to create a material phonic means for expressing ideas but to serve as a link between thought and sound,“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 112
Kontext: The characteristic role of language with respect to thought is not to create a material phonic means for expressing ideas but to serve as a link between thought and sound, under conditions that of necessity bring about the reciprocal delimitations of units. Thought, chaotic by nature, has to become ordered in the process of its decomposition. Neither are thoughts given material form nor are sounds transformed into mental entities; the somewhat mysterious fact is rather that "thought-sound" implies division, and that language works out its units while taking shape between two shapeless masses. Visualize the air in contact with a sheet of water; if the atmospheric pressure changes, the surface of the water will be broken up into a series of divisions, waves; the waves resemble the union or coupling of thought with phonic substance.

„Without language, thought is a vague, uncharted nebula.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 111-112
Quelle: Course in General Linguistics
Kontext: Psychologically our thought-apart from its expression in words-is only a shapeless and indistinct mass. Philosophers and linguists have always agreed in recognizing that without the help of signs we would be unable to make a clear-cut, consistent distinction between two ideas. Without language, thought is a vague, uncharted nebula. here are no pre-existing ideas, and nothing is distinct before the appearance of language.

„Psychologically our thought-apart from its expression in words-is only a shapeless and indistinct mass.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 111-112
Quelle: Course in General Linguistics
Kontext: Psychologically our thought-apart from its expression in words-is only a shapeless and indistinct mass. Philosophers and linguists have always agreed in recognizing that without the help of signs we would be unable to make a clear-cut, consistent distinction between two ideas. Without language, thought is a vague, uncharted nebula. here are no pre-existing ideas, and nothing is distinct before the appearance of language.

„Language is a system whose parts can and must all be considered in their synchronic solidarity.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

La langue est un systéme dont toutes les parties peuvent et doivent être considérés dans leur solidarité synchronique.
Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 87 (1916, p. 124; Part 1, Ch. 3, sec. 3.)

„Writing obscures language; it is not a guise for language but a disguise.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 31

„Language can be compared to a sheet of paper: thought is its recto and sound its verso: one cannot cut the verso without simultaneously cutting the recto.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Similarly, in the matter of language, one can separate neither sound from thought nor thought from sound; such separation could be achieved only by abstraction, which would lead either to pure psychology, or to pure phonology.
Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 157; as cited in: Schaff (1962:11)

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