„The aim of general synchronic linguistics is to set up the fundamental principles of any idiosynchronic system, the constituents of any language-state. Many of the items already explained in Part One belong rather to synchrony; for instance, the general properties of the sign are an integral part of synchrony although they were used to prove the necessity of separating the two linguistics.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 101

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Ferdinand de Saussure Foto
Ferdinand de Saussure1
Sprachwissenschaftler 1857 - 1913

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Noam Chomsky Foto

„The central doctrine of Cartesian linguistics is that the general features of grammatical structure are common to all languages and reflect certain fundamental properties of the mind.“

—  Noam Chomsky american linguist, philosopher and activist 1928

"Acquisition and use of language"
Quotes 2000s, 2007-09, (3rd ed., 2009)

David Crystal Foto
John Rupert Firth Foto

„There is always the danger that the use of traditional grammatical terms with reference to a wide variety of languages may be taken to imply a secret belief in universal grammar. Every analysis of a particular ‘language’ must of necessity determine the values of the ad hoc categories to which traditional names are given. What is here being sketched is a general linguistic theory applicable to particular linguistic descriptions, not a theory of universals for general linguistic description.“

—  John Rupert Firth English linguist 1890 - 1960

Quelle: "A synopsis of linguistic theory 1930-1955." 1957, p. 21; as cited in: Olivares, Beatriz Enriqueta Quiroz. The interpersonal and experiential grammar of Chilean Spanish: Towards a principled Systemic-Functional description based on axial argumentation. Diss. University of Sydney, 2013.

Buckminster Fuller Foto

„Synergy is the only word in our language that means behavior of whole systems unpredicted by the separately observed behaviors of any of the system's separate parts or any subassembly of the system's parts.“

—  Buckminster Fuller American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist 1895 - 1983

1960s, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (1963)
Kontext: Synergy is the only word in our language that means behavior of whole systems unpredicted by the separately observed behaviors of any of the system's separate parts or any subassembly of the system's parts. There is nothing in the chemistry of a toenail that predicts the existence of a human being.

Jacques Derrida Foto

„Although Saussure recognized the necessity of putting the phonic substance between brackets ("What is essential in language, we shall see, is foreign to the phonic character of the linguistic sign" [p. 21]. "In its essence it [the linguistic signifier] is not at all phonic" [p. 164]), Saussure, for essential, and essentially metaphysical, reasons had to privilege speech, everything that links the sign to phone. He also speaks of the "natural link" between thought and voice, meaning and sound (p. 46). He even speaks of "thought-sound" (p. 156). I have attempted elsewhere to show what is traditional in such a gesture, and to what necessities it submits. In any event, it winds up contradicting the most interesting critical motive of the Course, making of linguistics the regulatory model, the "pattern" for a general semiology of which it was to be, by all rights and theoretically, only a part. The theme of the arbitrary, thus, is turned away from its most fruitful paths (formalization) toward a hierarchizing teleology:… One finds exactly the same gesture and the same concepts in Hegel. The contradiction between these two moments of the Course is also marked by Saussure's recognizing elsewhere that "it is not spoken language that is natural to man, but the faculty of constituting a language, that is, a system of distinct signs …," that is, the possibility of the code and of articulation, independent of any substance, for example, phonic substance.“

—  Jacques Derrida, buch Positions

Quelle: Positions, 1982, p. 21

Humberto Maturana Foto
Russell L. Ackoff Foto
Ferdinand de Saussure Foto
Michael Halliday Foto
Noam Chomsky Foto

„Cartesian linguistics was not concerned simply with descriptive grammar, in this sense, but rather with “grammaire générale,” that is, with the universal principles of language structure.“

—  Noam Chomsky american linguist, philosopher and activist 1928

"Description and explanation in linguistics"
Quotes 2000s, 2007-09, (3rd ed., 2009)

Ferdinand de Saussure Foto

„Language is a system whose parts can and must all be considered in their synchronic solidarity.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

La langue est un systéme dont toutes les parties peuvent et doivent être considérés dans leur solidarité synchronique.
Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 87 (1916, p. 124; Part 1, Ch. 3, sec. 3.)

D. V. Gundappa Foto

„Linguistic equivalence and cultural communication are thus complimentary to each other as language is culture generative and culture bound.“

—  D. V. Gundappa Indian writer 1887 - 1975

India's Shakespeare: Translation, Interpretation, and Performance

Adam Schaff Foto
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David Crystal Foto
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