„A linguistic system is a series of differences of sound combined with a series of differences of ideas; but the pairing of a certain number of acoustical signs with as many cuts made from the mass of thought engenders a system of values.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 120

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Ferdinand de Saussure Foto
Ferdinand de Saussure1
Sprachwissenschaftler 1857 - 1913

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Stuart A. Umpleby Foto
Richard Stallman Foto

„There are tremendous actual differences in values. Some value systems, such as the ones that motivate "honor killings", deserve to be morally condemned and rejected. But there are many other variations in values within the bounds of decency.“

—  Richard Stallman American software freedom activist, short story writer and computer programmer, founder of the GNU project 1953

"The Zeitgeist Movement" (2009) https://stallman.org/articles/zeitgeist.html
2000s

Augustus De Morgan Foto

„When… we have a series of values of a quantity which continually diminish, and in such a way, that name any quantity we may, however small, all the values, after a certain value, are severally less than that quantity, then the symbol by which the values are denoted is said to diminish without limit. And if the series of values increase in succession, so that name any quantity we may, however great, all after a certain point will be greater, then the series is said to increase without limit.“

—  Augustus De Morgan British mathematician, philosopher and university teacher (1806-1871) 1806 - 1871

It is also frequently said, when a quantity diminishes without limit, that it has nothing, zero or 0, for its limit: and that when it increases without limit it has infinity or ∞ or 1⁄0 for its limit.
The Differential and Integral Calculus (1836)

Kent Hovind Foto
George Klir Foto

„Applying this approach, systems belonging to different scientific disciplines are investigated in their natural forms. On the basis of experimental results, isomorphic relations between different systems are studied and, finally, some general principles applicable for all systems of a certain class are formulated.“

—  George Klir American computer scientist 1932 - 2016

Quelle: An approach to general systems theory (1969), p. 97 as cited in: B. Van Rootselaar (2009) Annals of Systems Research. p. 114: About the aim of general systems theory

George Henry Lewes Foto

„In the development of the great series of animal organisms, the Nervous System assumes more and more of an imperial character.“

—  George Henry Lewes British philosopher 1817 - 1878

The Principles of Success in Literature (1865)
Kontext: In the development of the great series of animal organisms, the Nervous System assumes more and more of an imperial character. The rank held by any animal is determined by this character, and not at all by its bulk, its strength, or even its utility. In like manner, in the development of the social organism, as the life of nations becomes more complex, Thought assumes a more imperial character; and Literature, in its widest sense, becomes a delicate index of social evolution. Barbarous societies show only the germs of literary life. But advancing civilisation, bringing with it increased conquest over material agencies, disengages the mind from the pressure of immediate wants, and the loosened energy finds in leisure both the demand and the means of a new activity: the demand, because long unoccupied hours have to be rescued from the weariness of inaction; the means, because this call upon the energies nourishes a greater ambition and furnishes a wider arena.

Michael Halliday Foto

„The grammatical system has … a functional input and a structural output; it provides the mechanism for different functions to be combined in one utterance“

—  Michael Halliday Australian linguist 1925 - 2018

Quelle: 1970s and later, Explorations in the functions of language, 1973, p. 35 cited in: Terence Odlin (1994) Perspectives on Pedagogical Grammar. p. 193.

Willem de Sitter Foto
Michael Halliday Foto
Douglas Adams Foto

„I think we have different value systems." —Arthur
"Well mine's better." —Ford“

—  Douglas Adams, buch Mostly Harmless

Quelle: Mostly Harmless

Ludwig Feuerbach Foto
Charles Proteus Steinmetz Foto
Louis Althusser Foto
Jim Henson Foto
Douglas Adams Foto

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