„Language is a system whose parts can and must all be considered in their synchronic solidarity.“

—  Ferdinand de Saussure, buch Cours de linguistique générale

La langue est un systéme dont toutes les parties peuvent et doivent être considérés dans leur solidarité synchronique.
Quelle: Cours de linguistique générale (1916), p. 87 (1916, p. 124; Part 1, Ch. 3, sec. 3.)

Original

La langue est un systéme dont toutes les parties peuvent et doivent être considérés dans leur solidarité synchronique.

Cours de linguistique générale (1916)

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Ferdinand de Saussure Foto
Ferdinand de Saussure1
Sprachwissenschaftler 1857 - 1913

Ähnliche Zitate

Ferdinand de Saussure Foto
Kurt Lewin Foto

„[Lewin formally defines a Gestalt as:] a system whose parts are dynamically connected in such a way that a change of one part results in a change of all other parts.“

—  Kurt Lewin German-American psychologist 1890 - 1947

Quelle: 1930s, Principles of topological psychology, 1936, p. 218, as cited in: Granville Stanley Hall, Edward Bradford Titchener, Karl M. Dallenbach (1937) The American journal of psychology. Vol. 50, p. 374.

Rensis Likert Foto

„All component parts of any system of management must be consistent with each of the other parts and reflect the system's basic philosophy.“

—  Rensis Likert American statistician 1903 - 1981

Quelle: New patterns of management, (1961), p. 222

Bobby Seale Foto
Buckminster Fuller Foto

„Synergy is the only word in our language that means behavior of whole systems unpredicted by the separately observed behaviors of any of the system's separate parts or any subassembly of the system's parts.“

—  Buckminster Fuller American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist 1895 - 1983

1960s, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (1963)
Kontext: Synergy is the only word in our language that means behavior of whole systems unpredicted by the separately observed behaviors of any of the system's separate parts or any subassembly of the system's parts. There is nothing in the chemistry of a toenail that predicts the existence of a human being.

Jane Addams Foto

„For a given system, the environment is the set of all objects outside the system: (1) a change in whose attributes affect the system and (2) whose attributes are changed by the behavior of the system.“

—  Arthur D. Hall American electrical engineer 1925 - 2006

Quelle: A methodology for systems engineering, 1962, p. 61 cited in: Clute, Whitehead & Reid (1967) Progressive architecture. Vol.48, Nr. 7-9. p. 106

Alfred Korzybski Foto

„From this point of view, all language can be considered as names for unspeakable entities on the objective level, be it things or feelings, or as names of relations.“

—  Alfred Korzybski Polish scientist and philosopher 1879 - 1950

Quelle: Science and Sanity (1933), p. 20.
Kontext: The only link between the verbal and objective world is exclusively structural, necessitating the conclusion that the only content of all "knowledge" is structural. Now structure can be considered as a complex of relations, and ultimately as multi-dimensional order. From this point of view, all language can be considered as names for unspeakable entities on the objective level, be it things or feelings, or as names of relations. In fact... we find that an object represents an abstraction of a low order produced by our nervous system as the result of a sub-microscopic events acting as stimuli upon the nervous system.

Bertrand Russell Foto

„Some part of life – perhaps the most important part – must be left to the spontaneous action of individual impulse, for where all is system there will be mental and spiritual death.“

—  Bertrand Russell logician, one of the first analytic philosophers and political activist 1872 - 1970

1950s, The Impact of Science on Society (1952)

Ralph Waldo Emerson Foto

„There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet.“

—  Ralph Waldo Emerson, buch Nature

Quelle: 1830s, Nature http://www.emersoncentral.com/nature.htm (1836), Ch. 1, Nature
Kontext: The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food.

„For any given system, the environment is the set of all objects whose behaviour is influenced by the behaviour of the primary system, and those objects whose behaviour influences the behavior of the primary system.“

—  Arthur D. Hall American electrical engineer 1925 - 2006

Quelle: Definition of System, 1956, p. 20 cited in: Baleshwar Thaku eds. (2003) Perspectives in resource management in developing countries. p. 54

Fritjof Capra Foto
John F. Kennedy Foto

„No government or social system is so evil that its people must be considered as lacking in virtue.“

—  John F. Kennedy 35th president of the United States of America 1917 - 1963

1963, American University speech

Hermann Ebbinghaus Foto

„Language is a system of conventional signs that can be voluntarily produced at any time.“

—  Hermann Ebbinghaus German psychologist 1850 - 1909

Hermann Ebbinghaus, quoted in: Geza Revesz, The Origins and Prehistory of Language, London 1956. footnote p. 126

Ferdinand de Saussure Foto

„Every part of the system is so related to every other part that a change in a particular part causes a changes in all other parts and in the total system“

—  Arthur D. Hall American electrical engineer 1925 - 2006

Cited in: Harold Chestnut (1967) Systems Engineering Methods. p. 121
A methodology for systems engineering, 1962

Albert Camus Foto

„All systems of morality are based on the idea that an action has consequences that legitimize or cancel it. A mind imbued with the absurd merely judges that those consequences must be considered calmly.“

—  Albert Camus, buch Der Mythos des Sisyphos

The Myth of Sisyphus (1942), The Absurd Man
Kontext: All systems of morality are based on the idea that an action has consequences that legitimize or cancel it. A mind imbued with the absurd merely judges that those consequences must be considered calmly. It is ready to pay up. In other words, there may be responsible persons, but there are no guilty ones, in its opinion. At very most, such a mind will consent to use past experience as a basis for its future actions.

„An economic system which can only expand or expire must be false to all that is human.“

—  Edward Abbey, buch Desert Solitaire

Quelle: Desert Solitaire

Ähnliche Themen