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Dalai Lama

Geburtstag: 6. Juli 1935
Andere Namen:Tendzin Gyatsho, 14. dalajláma,Tändzin Gjamccho

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Tenzin Gyatso ist der 14. Dalai Lama.

Er ist buddhistischer Mönch, gilt als Linienhalter der Gelbmützen-Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus und befürwortet die Rime-Bewegung. Ab seiner Inthronisierung war er, wie alle Dalai Lamas zuvor, Oberhaupt der tibetischen Regierung. Aus diesem Amt zog er sich 2011 zurück, um seiner Funktion als ein geistliches Oberhaupt der Gelbmützen-Schule den eindeutigen Vorzug zu geben.

1989 wurde er mit dem Friedensnobelpreis ausgezeichnet.

Formelle Bezeichnung ist, in Anlehnung an die Anrede vergleichbarer religiöser Würdenträger, auf Deutsch Seine Heiligkeit bzw. bei direkter Anrede Eure Heiligkeit, Tibeter nennen ihn Kundün oder Gyelwa Rinpoche.

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„Wenn wir also gut zu sterben wünschen, müssen wir lernen, gut zu leben: Wenn wir auf einen friedvollen Tod hoffen, dann müssen wir in unserem Geist und in unserer Lebensführung den Frieden kultivieren.“

—  Dalai Lama
auf S. 7 im Vorwort zu Sogyal Rinpoche "Das Tibetische Buch vom Leben und Sterben" aus dem Englischen von Thomas Geist und Karin Behrendt; Fischer Vlg., Frankfurt/Main, 2003, ISBN 3-502-61113-0; Original: "The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. Revised and updated version" Harper, S. F. 2002

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„Ich betrachte mich oft als halber Marxist und halber Buddhist.“

—  Dalai Lama
Pressekonferenz beim Waldzell Meeting im Stift Melk, Mittwoch, 19. September 2007; standard. at

„Das tibetische System vermittelt dem Schüler jedoch nicht nur Wissen, es verfügt auch über eine differenzierte Methodik, mit deren Hilfe seine geistigen Fähigkeiten trainiert werden.“

—  Dalai Lama
"Mein Leben und mein Volk - Die Tragödie Tibets" aus dem Amerikanischen von Maria Steininger; Droemersche Verlagsanstalt, München (c) 1962, vollständige Taschenbuchausgabe 1982, ISBN 3-426-03698-3, S. 30; Originalausgabe: "My Land and My People" McGraw-Hill, N. Y. 1962

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„I agree with and believe in the Communist ideology which seeks the well being of human beings in general and the proletariat in particular, and in Lenin's policy of the equality of nationalities.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: I agree with and believe in the Communist ideology which seeks the well being of human beings in general and the proletariat in particular, and in Lenin's policy of the equality of nationalities. Similarly, I was pleased with the discussions I had with Chairman Mao on ideology and the policy towards nationalities. If that same ideology and policy were implemented it would have brought much admiration and happiness. However, if one is to make a general comment on the developments during the past two decades, there has been a lapse in economic and educational progress, the basis of human happiness. Moreover, on account of the hardships caused by the unbearable disruptions, there has been a loss of trust between the Party and the masses, between the officials and the masses, among the officials themselves, and also among the masses themselves. By deceiving one another through false assumptions and misrepresentations there has been, in reality, a great lapse and delay in achieving the real goals.

„Today, we are truly a global family. What happens in one part of the world may affect us all.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: Today, we are truly a global family. What happens in one part of the world may affect us all. This, of course, is not only true of the negative things that happen, but is equally valid for the positive developments. We not only know what happens elsewhere, thanks to the extraordinary modern communications technology. We are also directly affected by events that occur far away.

„From one viewpoint, Buddhism is a religion, from another viewpoint Buddhism is a science of mind and not a religion. Buddhism can be a bridge between these two sides.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: Buddhism does not accept a theory of God, or a creator. According to Buddhism, one's own actions are the creator, ultimately. Some people say that, from a certain angle, Buddhism is not a religion but rather a science of mind. Religion has much involvement with faith. Sometimes it seems that there is quite a distance between a way of thinking based on faith and one entirely based on experiment, remaining skeptical. Unless you find something through investigation, you do not want to accept it as fact. From one viewpoint, Buddhism is a religion, from another viewpoint Buddhism is a science of mind and not a religion. Buddhism can be a bridge between these two sides. Therefore, with this conviction I try to have closer ties with scientists, mainly in the fields of cosmology, psychology, neurobiology and physics. In these fields there are insights to share, and to a certain extent we can work together. "The Nobel Evening Address" p. 115.

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„Bodhicitta is the medicine which revives and gives life to every sentient being who even hears of it.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: Bodhicitta is the medicine which revives and gives life to every sentient being who even hears of it. When you engage in fulfilling the needs of others, your own needs are fulfilled as a by-product. The Path to Tranquility: Daily Wisdom (1998) edited by Renuka Singh

„Compassion without attachment is possible.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: Compassion without attachment is possible. Therefore, we need to clarify the distinctions between compassion and attachment. True compassion is not just an emotional response but a firm commitment founded on reason. Therefore, a truly compassionate attitude towards others does not change even if they behave negatively. Genuine compassion is based not on our own projections and expectations, but rather on the needs of the other... The Compassionate Life (2001), Ch. 2 "How to Develop Compassion" p. 21

„On my part, I remain committed to contribute my efforts for the welfare of all human beings, and in particular the poor and the weak to the best of my ability without any distinction based on national boundaries.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: We must improve the relationship between China and Tibet as well as between Tibetans in and outside Tibet. With truth and equality as our foundation, we must try to develop friendship between Tibetans and Chinese through better understanding in the future. The time has come to apply our common wisdom in a spirit of tolerance and broadmindedness to achieve genuine happiness for the Tibetan people with a sense of urgency. On my part, I remain committed to contribute my efforts for the welfare of all human beings, and in particular the poor and the weak to the best of my ability without any distinction based on national boundaries.

„To study Buddhism and then use it as a weapon in order to criticize others' theories or ideologies is wrong. The very purpose of religion is to control yourself, not to criticize others.“

— Далай-лама XIV
Context: To study Buddhism and then use it as a weapon in order to criticize others' theories or ideologies is wrong. The very purpose of religion is to control yourself, not to criticize others. Rather, we must criticize ourselves. How much am I doing about my anger? About my attachment, about my hatred, about my pride, my jealousy? These are the things which we must check in daily life with the knowledge of the Buddhist teachings. "A Talk to Western Buddhists" p. 87.

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