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Oliver Cromwell

Geburtstag: 25. April 1599
Todesdatum: 3. September 1658

Oliver Cromwell war während der kurzen republikanischen Periode der englischen Geschichte Lordprotektor von England, Schottland und Irland. Ursprünglich ein einfacher Abgeordneter des englischen Unterhauses, stieg er im Bürgerkrieg des Parlaments gegen König Karl I. erst zum Organisator, dann zum entscheidenden Feldherrn des Parlamentsheeres auf. Mit der von ihm betriebenen Hinrichtung Karls endeten alle Versuche der Stuart-Könige, England in einen absolutistisch regierten Staat umzuwandeln. Allerdings scheiterten am Ende auch Cromwells Bestrebungen, England dauerhaft in eine Republik umzuwandeln.

In der Geschichte der Britischen Inseln ist Cromwell eine umstrittene Persönlichkeit. Manche Historiker bewerten ihn als Königsmörder und Diktator, während er anderen als Freiheitsheld gilt. In einer Umfrage der BBC von 2002 wurde er als Zehnter unter den 100 Greatest Britons gewählt. In Irland ist er wegen seiner brutalen Maßnahmen gegen die katholische Bevölkerungsmehrheit, die von manchen Historikern als „genozidal“ bezeichnet wurden, verhasst. Wikipedia

Photo: After Samuel Cooper / Public domain

Zitate Oliver Cromwell

„Mein Plan ist es, mich zu beeilen, vergangen zu sein.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Letzte Worte, 3. September 1658
Original engl.: "My design is to make what haste I can to be gone."

„God made them as stubble to our swords.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Letter to Colonel Valentine Walton (5 July 1644)

„I would have been glad to have lived under my wood side, to have kept a flock of sheep, rather than undertook such a Government as this is.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Statement to Parliament (4 February 1658) quoted in The Diary of Thomas Burton, esq., volume 2: April 1657 - February 1658 (1828), p. 466

„No one rises so high as he who knows not whither he is going.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Statement to Pomponne de Bellievre, as told to Cardinal de Retz in 1651; Memoirs of Cardinal de Retz (1717) http://www.gutenberg.org/files/3846/3846.txt
Variante: One never rises so high as when one does not know where one is going.

„It's a blessed thing to die daily.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Letter to Sir Thomas Fairfax (7 March 1646)
Kontext: It's a blessed thing to die daily. For what is there in this world to be accounted of! The best men according to the flesh, and things, are lighter than vanity. I find this only good, to love the Lord and his poor despised people, to do for them and to be ready to suffer with them.... and he that is found worthy of this hath obtained great favour from the Lord; and he that is established in this shall ( being conformed to Christ and the rest of the Body) participate in the glory of a resurrection which will answer all.

„Necessity has no law.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Gargantua and Pantagruel (1532–1564), Fifth Book (1564)

„That which brought me into the capacity I now stand in, was the Petition and Advice given me by you, who, in reference to the ancient Constitution, did draw me here to accept the place of Protector. There is not a man living can say I sought it, no not a man, nor woman, treading upon English ground.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Speech to Parliament http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=36881 (4 February 1658), quoted in The Diary of Thomas Burton, esq., volume 2: April 1657 - February 1658 (1828), p. 465-466

„We declared our intentions to preserve monarchy, and they still are so, unless necessity enforce an alteration.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Speech in the Commons during the debate which preceded the "Vote of No Addresses" (January 1648) as recorded in the diary of John Boys of Kent
Kontext: We declared our intentions to preserve monarchy, and they still are so, unless necessity enforce an alteration. It’s granted the king has broken his trust, yet you are fearful to declare you will make no further addresses... look on the people you represent, and break not your trust, and expose not the honest party of your kingdom, who have bled for you, and suffer not misery to fall upon them for want of courage and resolution in you, else the honest people may take such courses as nature dictates to them.

„The dimensions of this mercy are above my thoughts. It is for aught I know, a crowning mercy.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Letter to William Lenthall, Speaker of the House of Commons (4 September 1651)

„I would be willing to live and be farther serviceable to God and his people; but my work is done. Yet God will be with his people.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

As quoted from "Dying Sayings" of Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches by Thomas Carlyle

„Take away that fool’s bauble, the mace.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Speech dismissing the "Rump Parliament" (20 April 1653)

„This is a righteous judgement of God upon these barbarous wretches, who have imbrued their hands in so much innocent blood.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

After the Siege of Drogheda, where Cromwell had forbid his soldiers "to spare any that were in arms in the town" (1649)

„Though peace be made, yet it's interest that keep peace.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

Quoted in a statement to Parliament as as "a maxim not to be despised" (4 September 1654)

„I tell you we will cut off his head with the crown upon it.“

—  Oliver Cromwell

To Algernon Sidney, one of the judges at the trial of Charles I (December 1648)

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