zu Robert Cecil, nachdem er zu ihr sagte, sie müsse sich nun ins Bett begeben. Letzte Worte, 24. März 1603, Neale, J. E. Queen Elisabeth, London 1942
Zitate von Elisabeth I. von England
Elisabeth I. von England
Geburtstag: 7. September 1533
Todesdatum: 24. März 1603
Andere Namen: Regina Elisabetta I d'Inghilterra, Elisabeth I.
Elisabeth I., englisch Elizabeth I, eigentlich Elizabeth Tudor, auch bekannt unter den Namen The Virgin Queen, The Maiden Queen , Gloriana oder Good Queen Bess , war vom 17. November 1558 bis an ihr Lebensende Königin von England.
Elisabeth war die Tochter von Heinrich VIII. und das fünfte und letzte Mitglied der Tudor-Dynastie auf dem englischen Thron. Ihre Mutter war Anne Boleyn. Ihre Regierungszeit als Königin von England und Irland von 1558 bis 1603 wird als Elisabethanisches Zeitalter bekannt. In jener Zeit erhielt die Anglikanische Kirche ihre endgültige Ausprägung, es entstanden zahlreiche künstlerische Werke von Dramatikern wie William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe oder Ben Jonson, Lyrik mit Sonetten und Liedgedichten, es wurden die modernen Wissenschaften mit Francis Bacon begründet und die Welt von Francis Drake umsegelt. Die erste englische Kolonie in Amerika wurde in dieser Zeit gegründet und zu ihren Ehren Virginia benannt.
Zitate Elisabeth I. von England
„I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too,“
Speech to the Troops at Tilbury (1588)
Kontext: I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm.
„There will never Queen sit in my seat with more zeal to my country, care to my subjects and that will sooner with willingness venture her life for your good and safety than myself. For it is my desire to live nor reign no longer than my life and reign shall be for your good. And though you have had, and may have, many princes more mighty and wise sitting in this seat, yet you never had nor shall have, any that will be more careful and loving.“
The Golden Speech (1601)
„I do not so much rejoice that God hath made me to be a Queen, as to be a Queen over so thankful a people. Therefore I have cause to wish nothing more than to content the subject and that is a duty which I owe. Neither do I desire to live longer days than I may see your prosperity and that is my only desire.“
The Golden Speech (1601)
„Was I not born in the realm? Were my parents born in any foreign country? Is there any cause I should alienate myself from being careful over this country? Is not my kingdom here? Whom have I oppressed? Whom have I enriched to others' harm? What turmoil have I made in this commonwealth, that I should be suspected to have no regard to the same? How have I governed since my reign? I will be tried by envy itself. I need not to use many words, for my deeds do try me.“
Speech to a joint delegation of the House of Lords and the House of Commons (5 November 1566), quoted in Leah Marcus, Janel Mueller and Mary Rose (eds.), Elizabeth I: Collected Works (The University of Chicago Press, 2002), p. 95.
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„For even our enemies hold our nation resolute and valiant, which though they will not outwardly show, they invariably know. And whensoever the malice of our enemies should cause them to make any attempt against us, I doubt not but we shall have the greatest glory, God fighting for those that truly serve Him with the justness of their quarrel.“
Speech to Parliament (10 April 1593), quoted in Leah Marcus, Janel Mueller and Mary Rose (eds.), Elizabeth I: Collected Works (The University of Chicago Press, 2002), p. 332.
Her reaction when she was told she was Queen (17 November 1558).
„I know the title of a King is a glorious title, but assure yourself that the shining glory of princely authority hath not so dazzled the eyes of our understanding, but that we well know and remember that we also are to yield an account of our actions before the great judge. To be a king and wear a crown is a thing more glorious to them that see it than it is pleasant to them that bear it.“
The Golden Speech (1601)
„Kings were wont to honour philosophers, but if I had such I would honour them as angels that should have such piety in them that they would not seek where they are the second to be the first, and where the third to be the second and so forth.“
Response to Parliament (October 1566).
Statement to the envoy of Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg while discussing a proposal of marriage to the duke's son, Christoph. (26 January 1563), quoted by J. Horace Round in "A Visit to Queen Elizabeth," http://books.google.com/books?id=iP0CAAAAIAAJ&q=%22would+rather+be+a+beggar+and+single+than+a+queen+and+married%22&pg=PA629#v=onepage The Nineteenth Century magazine (October 1896)
„I grieve and dare not show my discontent,
I love and yet am forced to seem to hate,
I do, yet dare not say I ever meant,
I seem stark mute but inwardly do prate.“
— Elizabeth I of England, On Monsieur's Departure
"On Monsieur's Departure" (February 1582).