Zitate von John Rawls

0   0

John Rawls

Geburtstag: 21. Februar 1921
Todesdatum: 24. November 2002

John Rawls war ein US-amerikanischer Philosoph, der als Professor an der Harvard University lehrte. Sein Hauptwerk A Theory of Justice gilt als eines der einflussreichsten Werke der politischen Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts.

Zitate John Rawls

„The natural distribution is neither just nor unjust; nor is it unjust that persons are born into society at some particular position. These are simply natural facts. What is just and unjust is the way that institutions deal with these facts.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter II, Section 14, pg. 87-88
Kontext: Occasionally this reflection is offered as an excuse for ignoring injustice, as if the refusal to acquiesce in injustice is on a par with being unable to accept death. The natural distribution is neither just nor unjust; nor is it unjust that persons are born into society at some particular position. These are simply natural facts. What is just and unjust is the way that institutions deal with these facts.
Kontext: We may reject the contention that the ordering of institutions is always defective because the distribution of natural talents and the contingencies of social circumstance are unjust, and this injustice must inevitably carry over to human arrangements. Occasionally this reflection is offered as an excuse for ignoring injustice, as if the refusal to acquiesce in injustice is on a par with being unable to accept death. The natural distribution is neither just nor unjust; nor is it unjust that persons are born into society at some particular position. These are simply natural facts. What is just and unjust is the way that institutions deal with these facts. Aristocratic and caste societies are unjust because they make these contingencies the ascriptive basis for belonging to more or less enclosed and privileged social classes. The basic structure of these societies incorporates the arbitrariness found in nature. But there is no necessity for men to resign themselves to these contingencies. The social system is not an unchangeable order beyond human control but a pattern of human action. In justice as fairness men agree to avail themselves of the accidents of nature and social circumstance only when doing so is for the common benefit. The two principles are a fair way of meeting the arbitrariness of fortune; and while no doubt imperfect in other ways, the institutions which satisfy these principles are just.

„The concept of justice I take to be defined, then, by the role of its principles in assigning rights and duties and in defining the appropriate division of social advantages.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter I, Section 2, pg. 10
Kontext: The concept of justice I take to be defined, then, by the role of its principles in assigning rights and duties and in defining the appropriate division of social advantages. A conception of justice is an interpretation of this role.

„Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter I, Section 1, pg. 3-4
Kontext: Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought. A theory however elegant and economical must be rejected or revised if it is untrue; likewise laws and institutions no matter how efficient and well-arranged must be reformed or abolished if they are unjust. Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. For this reason justice denies that the loss of freedom for some is made right by a greater good shared by others. It does not allow that the sacrifices imposed on a few are outweighed by the larger sum of advantages enjoyed by many. Therefore in a just society the liberties of equal citizenship are taken as settled; the rights secured by justice are not subject to political bargaining or to the calculus of social interests.

„Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter I, Section 1, pg. 3-4
Kontext: Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought. A theory however elegant and economical must be rejected or revised if it is untrue; likewise laws and institutions no matter how efficient and well-arranged must be reformed or abolished if they are unjust. Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. For this reason justice denies that the loss of freedom for some is made right by a greater good shared by others. It does not allow that the sacrifices imposed on a few are outweighed by the larger sum of advantages enjoyed by many. Therefore in a just society the liberties of equal citizenship are taken as settled; the rights secured by justice are not subject to political bargaining or to the calculus of social interests.

„We cannot at the end count them a second time because we do not like the result.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter III, Section 23, pg. 135
Kontext: The claims of existing social arrangements and of self interest have been duly allowed for. We cannot at the end count them a second time because we do not like the result.

„I have tried to set forth a theory that enables us to understand and to assess these feelings about the primacy of justice.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter IX, Section 87, p. 586
Kontext: I have tried to set forth a theory that enables us to understand and to assess these feelings about the primacy of justice. Justice as fairness is the outcome: it articulates these opinions and supports their general tendency.

„The principles of justice are chosen behind a veil of ignorance.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter I, Section 3, pg. 12

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„The hazards of the generalized prisoner's dilemma are removed by the match between the right and the good.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter IX, Section 86, p. 577

„This is a long book, not only in pages.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Preface, pg. viii
A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999)

„The suppression of liberty is always likely to be irrational.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter IV, Section 33, p. 210

„An intuitionist conception of justice is, one might say, but half a conception.“

—  John Rawls, buch A Theory of Justice

Quelle: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter I, Section 8, pg. 41

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Ähnliche Autoren

Reinhold Niebuhr Foto
Reinhold Niebuhr2
US-amerikanischer Theologe, Philosoph und Politikwissenscha…
Michel Foucault Foto
Michel Foucault9
französischer Philosoph
Zygmunt Bauman Foto
Zygmunt Bauman70
britisch-polnischer Soziologe und Philosoph
Émile Michel Cioran Foto
Émile Michel Cioran102
rumänischer Philosoph
Ludwig Wittgenstein Foto
Ludwig Wittgenstein37
österreichisch-britischer Philosoph
Martin Heidegger Foto
Martin Heidegger22
deutscher Philosoph
Walter Benjamin Foto
Walter Benjamin46
deutscher Schriftsteller, Kritiker und Philosoph
Theodor W. Adorno Foto
Theodor W. Adorno36
deutscher Philosoph, Soziologe, Musiktheoretiker und Kompon…
Erich Fromm Foto
Erich Fromm35
deutscher Psychoanalytiker, Philosoph und Sozialpsychologe
Jean Paul Sartre Foto
Jean Paul Sartre107
französischer Romancier, Dramatiker, Philosoph und Publizist
Heutige Jubiläen
Thomas Mann Foto
Thomas Mann51
deutscher Schriftsteller und Literatur-Nobelpreisträger 1875 - 1955
Erwin Schrödinger Foto
Erwin Schrödinger7
österreichischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker 1887 - 1961
John Cage Foto
John Cage6
US-amerikanischer Komponist 1912 - 1992
William Blake Foto
William Blake22
englischer Maler und Dichter 1757 - 1827
Weitere 54 heutige Jubiläen
Ähnliche Autoren
Reinhold Niebuhr Foto
Reinhold Niebuhr2
US-amerikanischer Theologe, Philosoph und Politikwissenscha…
Michel Foucault Foto
Michel Foucault9
französischer Philosoph
Zygmunt Bauman Foto
Zygmunt Bauman70
britisch-polnischer Soziologe und Philosoph
Émile Michel Cioran Foto
Émile Michel Cioran102
rumänischer Philosoph
Ludwig Wittgenstein Foto
Ludwig Wittgenstein37
österreichisch-britischer Philosoph