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John Henry Newman

Geburtstag: 21. Februar 1801
Todesdatum: 11. August 1890

John Henry Kardinal Newman CO war ein Kardinal der römisch-katholischen Kirche, zu der er 1845 konvertierte. Zuvor war er Pfarrer in der Kirche von England. Durch sein akademisches und literarisches Wirken sowie durch seine Konversion beeinflusste Newman das geistige Leben Englands und Europas im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert tief. Er gehört zu den Wegbereitern eines vor dem Wissenshorizont der Moderne verantworteten Katholizismus. Am 19. September 2010 wurde John Henry Newman selig- und am 13. Oktober 2019 heiliggesprochen. Wikipedia

Photo: John Everett Millais / Public domain

Zitate John Henry Newman

„Wachstum ist der einzige Beweis für Leben.“

—  John Henry Newman

Apologia pro Vita Sua, 1865, Chapter 1, History of My Religious Opinions to the Year 1833, http://www.newmanreader.org http://www.newmanreader.org/works/apologia65/chapter1.html.
Original engl.: "Growth [is] the only evidence of life."

„Leben heißt sich wandeln und vollkommen sein heißt, sich oft gewandelt zu haben.“

—  John Henry Newman

An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine, 1845, Chapter 1, Section 1, Part 7, http://www.newmanreader.org http://www.newmanreader.org/works/development/chapter1.html.
Original engl.: "[...] to live is to change, and to be perfect is to have changed often."

„Ich habe einen Platz in Gottes Plan, auf Gottes Erde, den kein anderer hat.“

—  John Henry Newman

Meditations and Devotions, Part III, Meditations on Christian Doctrine, March 7, 1848 http://www.newmanreader.org http://www.newmanreader.org/works/meditations/meditations9.html.
Original engl.: "I have a place in God's counsels, in God's world, which no one else has."

„Ein gutes Gedächtnis offenbart noch kein Genie, so wie ein Wörterbuch keine Literatur ist.“

—  John Henry Newman

The Idea of a University, 1873, Part 1, Discourse VI.5, http://www.newmanreader.org http://www.newmanreader.org/works/idea/discourse6.html.
Original engl.: "[...] a great memory [...] does not make a philosopher, any more than a dictionary can be called a grammar."

„Aus Schatten und Bildern zur Wahrheit.“

—  John Henry Newman

Grabinschrift seines Grabes bei Radnal, Birmingham, siehe auch: Johannes John: Reclams Zitaten-Lexikon, 2014, Abschnitt 23 bei Wahrheit.
Original lat.: "Ex umbris et imaginibus in veritatem."

„Surely, there is at this day a confederacy of evil, marshalling its hosts from all parts of the world, organizing itself, taking its measures, enclosing the Church of CHRIST as in a net, and preparing the way for a general apostasy from it. Whether this very apostasy is to give birth to Antichrist, or whether he is still to be delayed, we cannot know; but at any rate this apostasy, and all its tokens, and instruments, are of the Evil One and savour of death. Far be it from any of us to be of those simple ones, who are taken in that snare which is circling around us! Far be it from us to be seduced with the fair promises in which Satan is sure to hide his poison! Do you think he is so unskilful in his craft, as to ask you openly and plainly to join him in his warfare against the Truth? No; he offers you baits to tempt you. He promises you civil liberty; he promises you equality; he promises you trade and wealth; he promises you a remission of taxes; he promises you reform. This is the way in which he conceals from you the kind of work to which he is putting you; he tempts you to rail against your rulers and superiors; he does so himself, and induces you to imitate him; or he promises you illumination, he offers you knowledge, science, philosophy, enlargement of mind. He scoffs at times gone by; he scoffs at every institution which reveres them. He prompts you what to say, and then listens to you, and praises you, and encourages you. He bids you mount aloft. He shows you how to become as gods. Then he laughs and jokes with you, and gets intimate with you; he takes your hand, and gets his fingers between yours, and grasps them, and then you are his.“

—  John Henry Newman

Tract 83 http://anglicanhistory.org/tracts/tract83.html (29 June 1838).

„To live is to change, and to be perfect is to have changed often.“

—  John Henry Newman

Variante: In a higher world it is otherwise, but here below to live is to change, and to be perfect is to have changed often.
Quelle: An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine (1845), Chapter 1, Section 1, Part 7.

„The more I read of Athanasius, Theodoret, etc, the more I see that the ancients did make the Scriptures the basis of their belief.“

—  John Henry Newman, buch Apologia Pro Vita Sua

To Richard Hurrell Froude, August 23, 1835.
Letters and Correspondence of John Henry Newman During His Life in the English Church, 1890, Anne Mozley, ed., Longmans’s Green & Co., London, New York, Volume 2, p. 113. http://books.google.com/books?id=uak8AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA113&dq=%22the+more+i+read+of+athanasius,+theodoret%22&hl=en&ei=CeBlTqH1K4m2sQL91pm3Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22the%20more%20i%20read%20of%20athanasius%2C%20theodoret%22&f=false
Kontext: The more I read of Athanasius, Theodoret, etc, the more I see that the ancients did make the Scriptures the basis of their belief. The only question is, would they have done so in another point besides the θεολογία (theology), etc, which happened in the early ages to be in discussion? I incline to say the Creed is the faith necessary to salvation, as well as to Church communion, and to maintain that Scripture, according to the Fathers, is the authentic record and document of this faith.
It surely is reasonable that 'necessary to salvation' should apply to the Baptismal Creed: 'In the name of,' etc (vid. He who believeth etc.). Now the Apostles' Creed is nothing but this; for the Holy Catholic Church, etc [in it] are but the medium through which God comes to us. Now this θεολογία, I say, the Fathers do certainly rest on Scripture, as upon two tables of stone. I am surprised more and more to see how entirely they fall into Hawkins’s theory even in set words, that Scripture proves and the Church teaches. http://books.google.com/books?id=JbwJVBOvECwC&pg=PA66&dq=%22that+the+sacred+text+was+never+intended+to+teach+doctrine,+but+only+to+prove+it%22&hl=en&ei=k-RlTq__FOStsQKOwrCzCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22that%20the%20sacred%20text%20was%20never%20intended%20to%20teach%20doctrine%2C%20but%20only%20to%20prove%20it%22&f=false
I believe it would be extremely difficult to show that tradition is ever considered by them (in matters of faith) more than interpretative of Scripture. It seems that when a heresy rose they said at once ‘That is not according to the Church's teaching,’ i. e. they decided it by the praejudicium [N. B. prescription] of authority.
Again, when they met together in council, they brought the witness of tradition as a matter of fact, but when they discussed the matter in council, cleared their views, etc., proved their power, they always went to Scripture alone. They never said 'It must be so and so, because St. Cyrian says this, St. Clement explains in his third book of the "Paedagogue," etc.' and with reason; for the Fathers are a witness only as one voice, not in individual instances, or, much less, isolated passages, but every word of Scripture is inspired and available.

„Nothing would be done at all, if a man waited till he could do it so well, that no one could find fault with it.“

—  John Henry Newman

Lecture IX
Lectures on the Present Position of Catholics in England (1851)

„Growth is the only evidence of life.“

—  John Henry Newman

Apologia pro Vita Sua http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman/apologia1.html (1864).

„A great memory does not make a philosopher, any more than a dictionary can be called grammar.“

—  John Henry Newman

Discourse VIII, pt. 10.
The Idea of a University (1873)

„To be deep in history is to cease to be a Protestant.“

—  John Henry Newman

Introduction, Part 5.
An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine (1845)

„Where good and ill together blent,
Wage an undying strife.“

—  John Henry Newman

A Martyr Convert http://www.newmanreader.org/works/verses/verse170.html, st. 3 (1856). Also in Callista Chapter 36 http://www.newmanreader.org/works/callista/chapter36.html (1855).

„It is thy very energy of thought
Which keeps thee from thy God.“

—  John Henry Newman

The Dream of Gerontius http://www.ccel.org/n/newman/gerontius/gerontius.htm, Pt. III (1866).

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