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Jeanne d'Arc

Geburtstag: 1412
Todesdatum: 30. Mai 1431
Andere Namen: Santa Giovanna d'Arco

Jeanne d’Arc [ʒanˈdaʁk] , im deutschen Sprachraum auch Johanna von Orléans oder die Jungfrau von Orléans genannt, ist eine französische Nationalheldin. Sie wird in der römisch-katholischen Kirche als Jungfrau und Heilige verehrt.

Während des Hundertjährigen Krieges verhalf sie bei Orléans den Truppen des Dauphins zu einem Sieg über Engländer und Burgunder und geleitete anschließend Karl VII. von Frankreich zu seiner Krönung nach Reims. Nach ihrer Gefangennahme am 23. Mai 1430 in Compiègne wurde sie von den mit ihnen verbündeten Burgundern den Engländern übergeben und in einem kirchlichen Verfahren des Bischofs von Beauvais, Pierre Cauchon, der pro-englisch eingestellt war, aufgrund verschiedener Anklagen verurteilt. Am 30. Mai 1431 wurde Jeanne d’Arc im Alter von 19 Jahren auf dem Marktplatz von Rouen auf dem Scheiterhaufen verbrannt.

24 Jahre später strengte die Kurie einen Revisionsprozess an, in dem das Urteil aufgehoben und Jeanne zur Märtyrin erklärt wurde. Im Jahr 1909 wurde sie von Papst Pius X. selig- und 1920 von Papst Benedikt XV. heiliggesprochen. Ihr Gedenktag ist der 30. Mai. An diesem Tag gedenkt man ihrer auch in der Church of England.

Zitate Jeanne d'Arc

„I am not afraid; I was born to do this.“

—  Joan of Arc

As quoted in While We Wait: Spiritual and Practical Advice for Those Trying to Adopt (2009) by Heidi Schlumpf, p. 37

„You say that you are my judge. I do not know if you are! But I tell you that you must take good care not to judge me wrongly, because you will put yourself in great danger.“

—  Joan of Arc

Jeanne's warning to Bishop Cauchon (15 March 1431)
Trial records (1431)
Kontext: You say that you are my judge. I do not know if you are! But I tell you that you must take good care not to judge me wrongly, because you will put yourself in great danger. I warn you, so that if God punishes you for it, I would have done my duty by telling you!

„The light comes at the same time as the Voice. … I will not tell you all; I have not leave; my oath does not touch on that.“

—  Joan of Arc

Third public examination (24 February 1431) http://www.stjoan-center.com/Trials/sec03.html; part of this testimony has sometimes been paraphrased: If I am not in the state of grace, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.
Trial records (1431)
Kontext: The light comes at the same time as the Voice. … I will not tell you all; I have not leave; my oath does not touch on that. My Voice is good and to be honored. I am not bound to answer you about it. I request that the points on which I do not now answer may be given me in writing. … You shall not know yet. There is a saying among children, that 'Sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.'" [She is asked : Do you know if you are in the grace of God? ] If I am not, may God place me there; if I am, may God so keep me. I should be the saddest in all the world if I knew that I were not in the grace of God. But if I were in a state of sin, do you think the Voice would come to me? I would that every one could hear the Voice as I hear it.

„I would that every one could hear the Voice as I hear it.“

—  Joan of Arc

Third public examination (24 February 1431) http://www.stjoan-center.com/Trials/sec03.html; part of this testimony has sometimes been paraphrased: If I am not in the state of grace, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.
Trial records (1431)
Kontext: The light comes at the same time as the Voice. … I will not tell you all; I have not leave; my oath does not touch on that. My Voice is good and to be honored. I am not bound to answer you about it. I request that the points on which I do not now answer may be given me in writing. … You shall not know yet. There is a saying among children, that 'Sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.'" [She is asked : Do you know if you are in the grace of God? ] If I am not, may God place me there; if I am, may God so keep me. I should be the saddest in all the world if I knew that I were not in the grace of God. But if I were in a state of sin, do you think the Voice would come to me? I would that every one could hear the Voice as I hear it.

„I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance.“

—  Joan of Arc

Second public examination (22 February 1431) http://www.stjoan-center.com/Trials/sec02.html
Trial records (1431)
Kontext: I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance. The first time that I heard this Voice, I was very much frightened; it was mid-day, in the summer, in my father's garden. I had not fasted the day before. I heard this Voice to my right, towards the Church; rarely do I hear it without its being accompanied also by a light. This light comes from the same side as the Voice. Generally it is a great light. Since I came into France I have often heard this Voice. … If I were in a wood, I could easily hear the Voice which came to me. It seemed to me to come from lips I should reverence. I believe it was sent me from God. When I heard it for the third time, I recognized that it was the Voice of an Angel. This Voice has always guarded me well, and I have always understood it; it instructed me to be good and to go often to Church; it told me it was necessary for me to come into France. You ask me under what form this Voice appeared to me? You will hear no more of it from me this time. It said to me two or three times a week: 'You must go into France.' My father knew nothing of my going. The Voice said to me: 'Go into France!' I could stay no longer. It said to me: 'Go, raise the siege which is being made before the City of Orleans. Go!' it added, 'to Robert de Baudricourt, Captain of Vaucouleurs: he will furnish you with an escort to accompany you.' And I replied that I was but a poor girl, who knew nothing of riding or fighting. I went to my uncle and said that I wished to stay near him for a time. I remained there eight days. I said to him, 'I must go to Vaucouleurs.' He took me there. When I arrived, I recognized Robert de Baudricourt, although I had never seen him. I knew him, thanks to my Voice, which made me recognize him.

„The Voice had promised me that, as soon I came to the King, he would receive me.“

—  Joan of Arc

Second public examination (22 February 1431)
Trial records (1431)
Kontext: The Voice had promised me that, as soon I came to the King, he would receive me. Those of my party knew well that the Voice had been sent me from God; they have seen and known this Voice, I am sure of it. My King and many others have also heard and seen the Voices which came to me: there were there Charles de Bourbon and two or three others. There is not a day when I do not hear this Voice; and I have much need of it. But never have I asked of it any recompense but the salvation of my soul.

„I do not fear men-at-arms; my way has been made plain before me. If there be men-at-arms my Lord God will make a way for me to go to my Lord Dauphin. For that am I come.“

—  Joan of Arc

Often misquoted as I am not afraid; I was born to do this.
As given in The Life of Joan of Arc (1909) by Anatole France, tr. Winifred Stevens, vol. i, p. 97, referencing Trials, vol. i, p. 449.

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„There is a saying among children, that 'Sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.'"“

—  Joan of Arc

Trial records (1431)
Kontext: The light comes at the same time as the Voice. … I will not tell you all; I have not leave; my oath does not touch on that. My Voice is good and to be honored. I am not bound to answer you about it. I request that the points on which I do not now answer may be given me in writing. … You shall not know yet. There is a saying among children, that 'Sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.'" [She is asked : Do you know if you are in the grace of God? ] If I am not, may God place me there; if I am, may God so keep me. I should be the saddest in all the world if I knew that I were not in the grace of God. But if I were in a state of sin, do you think the Voice would come to me? I would that every one could hear the Voice as I hear it.

Third public examination (24 February 1431) http://www.stjoan-center.com/Trials/sec03.html; part of this testimony has sometimes been paraphrased: If I am not in the state of grace, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.

„Children say that people are hanged sometimes for speaking the truth.“

—  Joan of Arc

From the trial transcript, as quoted in World Famous Women: Types of Female Heroism, Beauty, and Influence from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time (1881) by Frank Boott Goodrich, p. 126

Variant translation: There is a saying among children that sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.

„Alas! that my body, clean and whole, never been corrupted, today must be consumed and burnt to ashes!“

—  Joan of Arc

As quoted by Jean Toutmouille during the retrial after her execution (5 March 1449), as quoted in Jeanne d'Arc, maid of Orleans, Deliverer of France (1902) by T. Douglas Murray

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