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Avicenna

Geburtstag: 21. August 980
Todesdatum: 24. Juni 1037
Andere Namen:Ibn Síná

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Abū Alī al-Husain ibn Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā – kurz Ibn Sina und latinisiert Avicenna – war ein persischer Arzt, Physiker, Philosoph, Dichter, Jurist, Mathematiker, Astronom, Alchemist und Musiktheoretiker. Er zählt zu den berühmtesten Persönlichkeiten seiner Zeit und hat insbesondere die Geschichte und Entwicklung der Medizin maßgeblich geprägt. Einige seiner philosophischen Ausarbeitungen wurden von späteren Mystikern des Sufismus rezipiert.

Zitate Avicenna

„God, the supreme being, is neither circumscribed by space, nor touched by time; he cannot be found in a particular direction, and his essence cannot change.“

—  Avicenna
Context: God, the supreme being, is neither circumscribed by space, nor touched by time; he cannot be found in a particular direction, and his essence cannot change. The secret conversation is thus entirely spiritual; it is a direct encounter between God and the soul, abstracted from all material constraints. As quoted in 366 Readings From Islam (2000), edited by Robert Van der Weyer

„Now it is established in the sciences that no knowledge is acquired save through the study of its causes and beginnings, if it has had causes and beginnings; nor completed except by knowledge of its accidents and accompanying essentials.“

—  Avicenna
Context: The knowledge of anything, since all things have causes, is not acquired or complete unless it is known by its causes. Therefore in medicine we ought to know the causes of sickness and health. And because health and sickness and their causes are sometimes manifest, and sometimes hidden and not to be comprehended except by the study of symptoms, we must also study the symptoms of health and disease. Now it is established in the sciences that no knowledge is acquired save through the study of its causes and beginnings, if it has had causes and beginnings; nor completed except by knowledge of its accidents and accompanying essentials. Of these causes there are four kinds: material, efficient, formal, and final. [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/1020Avicenna-Medicine.html "On Medicine, (c. 1020)]

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„The knowledge of anything, since all things have causes, is not acquired or complete unless it is known by its causes.“

—  Avicenna
Context: The knowledge of anything, since all things have causes, is not acquired or complete unless it is known by its causes. Therefore in medicine we ought to know the causes of sickness and health. And because health and sickness and their causes are sometimes manifest, and sometimes hidden and not to be comprehended except by the study of symptoms, we must also study the symptoms of health and disease. Now it is established in the sciences that no knowledge is acquired save through the study of its causes and beginnings, if it has had causes and beginnings; nor completed except by knowledge of its accidents and accompanying essentials. Of these causes there are four kinds: material, efficient, formal, and final. [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/1020Avicenna-Medicine.html "On Medicine, (c. 1020)]

„Medicine considers the human body as to the means by which it is cured and by which it is driven away from health.“

—  Avicenna
As quoted in [http://books.google.com.bh/books?id=KTWDxDEY-Q0C&lpg=PA75&dq=Medicine%20considers%20the%20human%20body%20as%20to%20the%20means%20by%20which%20it%20is%20cured%20and%20by%20which%20it%20is%20driven%20away%20from%20health.&pg=PA75#v=onepage&q=Medicine%20considers%20the%20human%20body%20as%20to%20the%20means%20by%20which%20it%20is%20cured%20and%20by%20which%20it%20is%20driven%20away%20from%20health.&f=false The Pursuit of Learning in the Islamic World, 610-2003] (2006), by Hunt Janin, p. 75.

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„An ignorant doctor is the aide-de-camp of death.“

—  Avicenna
As quoted in Familiar Medical Quotations (1968) by Maurice B. Strauss

„I [prefer] a short life with width to a narrow one with length.“

—  Avicenna
As quoted in [http://books.google.com.bh/books?id=B8k3fsvGRyEC&lpg=PA85&dq=I%20prefer%20a%20short%20life%20with%20width%20to%20a%20narrow%20one%20with%20length&pg=PA85#v=onepage&q=I%20prefer%20a%20short%20life%20with%20width%20to%20a%20narrow%20one%20with%20length&f=false Avicenna (Ibn Sina): Muslim Physician And Philosopher of the Eleventh Century] (2006), by Aisha Khan p. 85, which cites Genius of Arab Civilizations by M.A. Martin.

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„The world is divided into men who have wit and no religion and men who have religion and no wit.“

—  Avicenna
This was declared without citation to have been attributed to Avicenna in A Rationalist Encyclopaedia : A Book of Reference on Religion, Philosophy, Ethics, and Science (1950), by Joseph McCabe, p. 43;<!-- probably because of a misreading of that article by McCabe --> it was also later wrongly attributed to Averroes in The Atheist World‎ (1991) by Madalyn Murray O'Hair, p. 46. It actually originates as a statement by the atheist Al-Maʿarri, earlier translated into English in A Short History of Freethought Ancient and Modern (1906) by John Mackinnon Robertson, Vol. I, Ch. VIII : Freethought under Islam, p. 269, in the form: "The world holds two classes of men ; intelligent men without religion, and religious men without intelligence."

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