Zitate von Eric Kandel

Eric Kandel Foto
2   0

Eric Kandel

Geburtstag: 7. November 1929

Eric Richard Kandel ist ein US-amerikanischer Psychiater, Physiologe, Neurowissenschaftler, Verhaltensbiologe und Biochemiker österreichischer Herkunft. Er wurde im Jahr 2000 mit dem Nobelpreis für Physiologie oder Medizin ausgezeichnet. Wikipedia

Zitate Eric Kandel

„Die vielleicht letzte wissenschaftliche Grenze — die ultimative Herausforderung — besteht darin, die biologische Basis des Bewußtseins und der geistigen Vorgänge, durch die wir wahrnehmen, handeln, lernen und uns erinnern, zu verstehen.“

—  Eric Kandel

Eric R. Kandel, James H. Schwartz, Thomas M. Jessell: Neurowissenschaften. Eine Einführung. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Susanne Benner, Andrea Bibbig, Peter Germroth, Stefan Hartung, Ingrid Horn, Monika Niehaus-Osterloh, Markus Numberger, Marcus Plach und Olaf Witte. Spektrum 1995, S. 6
"Perhaps the last frontier of science — its ultimate challenge — is to understand the biological basis of consciousness and the mental processes by which we perceive, act, learn, and remember." - Eric R. Kandel, James H. Schwartz, Thomas M. Jessell: Essentials of Neural Science and Behavior. Appleton & Lange, 1991, p.3
Zitate

„What strategy does the brain use to read itself out?“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: What strategy does the brain use to read itself out? That question, which is central to the unitary nature of conscious experience, remains one of the many unresolved mysteries of the new science of mind.

„Libet could predict what a person would do before the person was actually aware of having decided to do it.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: By merely observing the electrical activity in the brain, Libet could predict what a person would do before the person was actually aware of having decided to do it. This finding caused philosophers of mind to ask: If the choice is determined in the brain before we decide to act, where is free will?... choice in action, as in perception, may reflect the importance of unconscious inference. Libet proposes that... just before the action is initiated, consciousness is recruited to approve or veto the action.

„Every time I embarked on a new course, there were well-meaning people… who advised against it.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: I have at times felt alone, uncertain, without a well-trodden path to follow. Every time I embarked on a new course, there were well-meaning people... who advised against it. I had to learn early on to be comfortable with insecurity and to trust my own judgement on key issues.

„London taxi drivers have a larger hippocampus“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: Birds in which spatial memory is particularly important—those that store food at a large number of sites, for example—have larger hippocampuses than other birds.... London taxi drivers have a larger hippocampus than others the same age.... the size of their hippocampus continues to increase with time on the job.

„I owe my existence in the United States to the generosity of the Viennese Kultusgemeinde.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: The Viennese Kultusgemeinde... was going bankrupt... European governments typically compensate Jewish agencies... but the Austrian government's compensation was not adequate.... I owe my existence in the United States to the generosity of the Viennese Kultusgemeinde.

„As astronomy and physics inspired the Enlightenment, so biology inspired Modernism.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

The Age of Insight (2012)
Kontext: As astronomy and physics inspired the Enlightenment, so biology inspired Modernism.... This new view led to a reexamination in art of the biological nature of human existence, as evident in Édouard Manet's Déjeuner sur l’Herbe... Manet's painting... reveals a theme... the complex relationship between the sexes and between fantasy and reality.... also startlingly modern because of its style. Several decades before Cézanne began to collapse three dimension into two, Manet here had already flattened the viewer's sense of perspective...

„Birds in which spatial memory is particularly important“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: Birds in which spatial memory is particularly important—those that store food at a large number of sites, for example—have larger hippocampuses than other birds.... London taxi drivers have a larger hippocampus than others the same age.... the size of their hippocampus continues to increase with time on the job.

„Unlike vision, touch, or smell, which are prewired and based on Kantian a priori knowledge, the spatial map presents us with a new type of representation, one based on a combination of a priori knowledge and learning.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: Unlike vision, touch, or smell, which are prewired and based on Kantian a priori knowledge, the spatial map presents us with a new type of representation, one based on a combination of a priori knowledge and learning. The general capability for forming spatial maps is built into the mind, but the particular map is not. Unlike neurons in a sensory system, place cells are not switched on by sensory stimulation. Their collective activity represents the location where the animal thinks it is.

„The third great revolution, the Freudian revolution of Vienna 1900, revealed that we do not consciously control our own actions but are instead driven by unconscious motives. This… later led to the idea that human creativity… stems from conscious access to underlying, unconscious forces.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

The Age of Insight (2012)
Kontext: The Copernican revolution... revealed that the earth is not the center of the universe... The second, the Darwinian revolution... revealed that we are not created divinely or uniquely but instead evolved from simpler animals by a process of natural selection. The third great revolution, the Freudian revolution of Vienna 1900, revealed that we do not consciously control our own actions but are instead driven by unconscious motives. This... later led to the idea that human creativity... stems from conscious access to underlying, unconscious forces.

„As knowledge advances and scientific disciplines change, so do the disciplines impinging on them.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and the New Biology of Mind (2008)

„CREB's opposing regulatory actions provide a threshold for memory storage, presumably to ensure that only important, life-serving experiences are learned. Repeated shocks to the tail are a significant learning experience for an Aplysia, just as, say, practicing the piano or conjugating French verbs are to us: practice makes perfect, repetition is necessary for long-term memory. In principle, however, a highly emotional state… could bypass the normal restraints on long-term memory.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: CREB's opposing regulatory actions provide a threshold for memory storage, presumably to ensure that only important, life-serving experiences are learned. Repeated shocks to the tail are a significant learning experience for an Aplysia, just as, say, practicing the piano or conjugating French verbs are to us: practice makes perfect, repetition is necessary for long-term memory. In principle, however, a highly emotional state... could bypass the normal restraints on long-term memory. In such a situation, enough MAP kinase molecules would be sent into the nucleus rapidly enough to inactivate all of the CREB-2 molecules, thereby making it easy for protein kinase A to activate CREB-1 and put the experience directly into long-term memory.

„Transferring the receptor from a social worm to a solitary worm makes the solitary worm social.“

—  Eric R. Kandel

In Search of Memory (2006)
Kontext: Cori Bargmann... has studied two variants of C. elegans... The only difference between the two is one amino acid in an otherwise shared receptor protein. Transferring the receptor from a social worm to a solitary worm makes the solitary worm social.

Ähnliche Autoren

Wolfgang Pauli Foto
Wolfgang Pauli5
österreichischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger
Werner Heisenberg Foto
Werner Heisenberg10
deutscher Physiker und Nobelpreisträger
Milton Friedman Foto
Milton Friedman6
US-amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Nobelpreis…
Salvatore Quasimodo Foto
Salvatore Quasimodo4
italienischer Lyriker und Kritiker; Nobelpreisträger
Elias Canetti Foto
Elias Canetti12
deutschsprachiger Schriftsteller und Literatur-Nobelpreistr…
Thomas Mann Foto
Thomas Mann51
deutscher Schriftsteller und Literatur-Nobelpreisträger
Heinrich Böll Foto
Heinrich Böll22
deutscher Schriftsteller und Literatur-Nobelpreisträger
Max Born Foto
Max Born3
deutscher Mathematiker und Physiker, Nobelpreisträger für P…
Giorgos Seferis Foto
Giorgos Seferis1
griechischer Schriftsteller und Diplomat; Nobelpreisträger …
Rabindranath Tagore Foto
Rabindranath Tagore10
bengalischer Dichter und Philosoph
Heutige Jubiläen
Malcolm X Foto
Malcolm X77
US-amerikanischer Führer der Bürgerrechtsbewegung 1925 - 1965
Johann Gottlieb Fichte Foto
Johann Gottlieb Fichte14
deutscher Philosoph 1762 - 1814
Peter Zadek Foto
Peter Zadek4
deutscher Regisseur 1926 - 2009
Ho Chi Minh Foto
Ho Chi Minh1
vietnamesischer Revolutionär und Staatsmann 1890 - 1969
Weitere 65 heutige Jubiläen
Ähnliche Autoren
Wolfgang Pauli Foto
Wolfgang Pauli5
österreichischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger
Werner Heisenberg Foto
Werner Heisenberg10
deutscher Physiker und Nobelpreisträger
Milton Friedman Foto
Milton Friedman6
US-amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Nobelpreis…
Salvatore Quasimodo Foto
Salvatore Quasimodo4
italienischer Lyriker und Kritiker; Nobelpreisträger
Elias Canetti Foto
Elias Canetti12
deutschsprachiger Schriftsteller und Literatur-Nobelpreistr…