Zitate von Ward Cunningham

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Ward Cunningham

Geburtstag: 26. Mai 1949

Howard G. Cunningham ist ein US-amerikanischer Programmierer. Bekannt geworden ist er als der Begründer des Wiki Wiki Webs und als Pionier bei Entwurfsmustern und Extreme Programming.

Er gründete am 25. März 1995 mit dem Wiki Wiki Web für das Portland Pattern Repository das erste Wiki, ein Online-Journal für Entwurfsmuster von Programmen und erste Anlaufstelle, wenn es um die Entwicklung von Software per Extreme Programming geht. Cunningham ist einer der Autoren und Erstunterzeichner des Manifests für agile Software-Entwicklung.

Von Dezember 2003 bis Oktober 2005 arbeitete er für Microsoft. Von Oktober 2005 bis Mai 2007 war er bei der Eclipse Foundation beschäftigt und seit Mai 2007 ist er Chief Technical Officer des Internetverzeichnisses AboutUs.org. Er lebt in Beaverton, Oregon.

Zitate Ward Cunningham

„Anonymity relieves refactoring friction. Have learned that people want to sign things. But try to write in a way where you don’t have to know who said it.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Crucible of Creativity (2005), Context: Anonymity relieves refactoring friction. Have learned that people want to sign things. But try to write in a way where you don’t have to know who said it. But when someone who is not in a giving mood uses anonymity (spammers), that abuse can drive us away from anonymity. But I hope we can drive the ill-intended out without having to give up the openness.

„The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.“

—  Ward Cunningham
The Simplest Thing that Could Possibly Work, Context: The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty. It isn't the complexity that raises problems. There is a lot of complexity in the world. The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.

„Everything is subject to refactoring.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Collective Ownership of Code and Text, Context: Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place. On Ward's wiki, the process has been called "refactoring," which is what we call the process in software. Ward's wiki is about software and it has software people on it, so they call it refactoring. Anyplace else it would probably be called editing. So on Ward's wiki, refactoring is an ongoing process. The assumption is that when something turns out to not be ideal, it will be refactored again. Everything is subject to refactoring.

„Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Collective Ownership of Code and Text, Context: Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place. On Ward's wiki, the process has been called "refactoring," which is what we call the process in software. Ward's wiki is about software and it has software people on it, so they call it refactoring. Anyplace else it would probably be called editing. So on Ward's wiki, refactoring is an ongoing process. The assumption is that when something turns out to not be ideal, it will be refactored again. Everything is subject to refactoring.

„People can and do trust works produced by people they don’t know. The real world is still trying to figure out how Wikipedia works.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Crucible of Creativity (2005), Context: People can and do trust works produced by people they don’t know. The real world is still trying to figure out how Wikipedia works. A fantastic resource. Open source is produced by people that you can’t track down, but you can trust it in very deep ways. People can trust works by people they don’t know in this low communication cost environment.

„I say, forget all that and ask yourself, "What's the simplest thing that could possibly work?"“

—  Ward Cunningham
The Simplest Thing that Could Possibly Work, Context: You are always taught to do as much as you can. Always put checks in. Always look for exceptions. Always handle the most general case. Always give the user the best advice. Always print a meaningful error message. Always this. Always that. You have so many things in the background that you're supposed to do, there's no room left to think. I say, forget all that and ask yourself, "What's the simplest thing that could possibly work?" I think the advice got turned into a command: "Do the simplest thing that could possibly work." That's a little more confusing, because there isn't this notion that as soon as you've done it, we'll evaluate it.

„My specific purpose for the first wiki was to create an environment where we might link together each other's experience to discover the pattern language of programming.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Exploring with Wiki, Context: My specific purpose for the first wiki was to create an environment where we might link together each other's experience to discover the pattern language of programming. I had previously worked with a HyperCard stack that was set up to achieve the same kind of goal. I knew people liked to read and author in that HyperCard stack, but it was single user.

„Taking it to the limit. And the fact that it actually holds up — and a lot of it improves — when taking it to the limit is why it should naturally be called "Extreme." Kent's single biggest contribution is being daring enough to say, "This is all that matters, and we should do it all the time."“

—  Ward Cunningham
To Plan or Not To Plan, Context: Honest to God, I think Kent Beck's contribution to all this has been taking stuff that he and I discovered quietly together, or picked up from other programmers, and taking it to the limit. Taking it to the limit. And the fact that it actually holds up — and a lot of it improves — when taking it to the limit is why it should naturally be called "Extreme." Kent's single biggest contribution is being daring enough to say, "This is all that matters, and we should do it all the time."

„In creating wiki, I wanted to stroke that story-telling nature in all of us.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Exploring with Wiki, Context: I think there's a compelling nature about talking. People like to talk. In creating wiki, I wanted to stroke that story-telling nature in all of us. Second, and perhaps most important, I wanted people who wouldn't normally author to find it comfortable authoring, so that there stood a chance of us discovering the structure of what they had to say.

„To worry about tomorrow is to detract from your work today. Time you spend thinking about tomorrow is time you're not spending thinking about what to do today.“

—  Ward Cunningham
To Plan or Not To Plan, Context: To worry about tomorrow is to detract from your work today. Time you spend thinking about tomorrow is time you're not spending thinking about what to do today. The place you leave in the code because you think you'll need it tomorrow, is actually a waste of time today — and a liability tomorrow. It does more harm than good.

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„I think we can become excellent predictors. It's just that we're careful not to depend upon prediction anymore than we have to.“

—  Ward Cunningham
To Plan or Not To Plan, Context: I could say, "Wait! Wait! I know what's going to happen down here!" Well you knew what was going to happen down here. How does it help us get our job done for me to tell you what's going to happen down here? You could say, "Stop! I want to draw on the white board what we're going to do tomorrow, because I can see it coming." Well maybe I can see it coming too, but why make a commitment? It will come soon enough. So, we're certainly here and now, but I think we can become excellent predictors. It's just that we're careful not to depend upon prediction anymore than we have to.

„A wiki is a place to write in the same way that a party is a place to talk.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Foreword to Wikis for Dummies, Context: Now, with wikis, you have a place to write. A wiki is a place to write in the same way that a party is a place to talk. There are thoughts all around you. Some are interesting, some less so. At a party or on a wiki, a word or two will be your trigger. Ideas start flowing. Talking or writing, you're among friends, the stage is set, you say your piece, it fits in, your words trigger the next thought: conversation.

„The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty.“

—  Ward Cunningham
The Simplest Thing that Could Possibly Work, Context: The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty. It isn't the complexity that raises problems. There is a lot of complexity in the world. The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.

„A wiki is always in the process of being organized.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Exploring with Wiki, Context: A wiki is always in the process of being organized. But for every hour spent organizing, two more hours are spent adding new material. So the status quo for a wiki is always partially organized.

„The web has been an experiment in anonymity.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Crucible of Creativity (2005), Context: The web has been an experiment in anonymity. Conscious design of low level protocols. Lots of identity infrastructure has been created to make it an online shopping mall, which makes it unpleasant for all of us because the machinery isn’t that great.

„It was a turning point in my programming career when I realized that I didn't have to win every argument.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Collective Ownership of Code and Text, Context: It was a turning point in my programming career when I realized that I didn't have to win every argument. I'd be talking about code with someone, and I'd say, "I think the best way to do it is A." And they'd say, "I think the best way to do it is B. I'd say, "Well no, it's really A." And they'd say, "Well, we want to do B." It was a turning point for me when I could say, "Fine. Do B. It's not going to hurt us that much if I'm wrong. It's not going to hurt us that much if I'm right and you do B, because, we can correct mistakes. So lets find out if it's a mistake."

„I wanted to invent some software that was completely different, that would grow and change as it was used. That’s how wiki came about.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Context: When I was at Tek, I was frustrated that computer hardware was being improved faster than computer software. I wanted to invent some software that was completely different, that would grow and change as it was used. That’s how wiki came about. "Startup mines for riches in collaboration software" in The Portland Tribune (4 March 2008) http://www.portlandtribune.com/rethinking/story.php?story_id=120430910578805900

„I actually enjoy complexity that's empowering. If it challenges me, the complexity is very pleasant.“

—  Ward Cunningham
The Simplest Thing that Could Possibly Work, Context: I actually enjoy complexity that's empowering. If it challenges me, the complexity is very pleasant. But sometimes I must deal with complexity that's disempowering. The effort I invest to understand that complexity is tedious work. It doesn't add anything to my abilities.

„My hope is that wiki becomes a totem for a way of interacting with people.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Crucible of Creativity (2005), Context: My hope is that wiki becomes a totem for a way of interacting with people. Tradition in the work world has been more top down, while wiki, standing for the Internet, is becoming a model for a new way of work. Largely driven by reduced communication costs, it changes what needs to be done and how it’s going to get done. I hope that the wiki nature, if not the wiki code, makes some contribution.

„Putting a new feature into a program is important, but refactoring so new features can be added in the future is equally important.“

—  Ward Cunningham
Crucible of Creativity (2005), Context: Putting a new feature into a program is important, but refactoring so new features can be added in the future is equally important. The ability to do things in the future is something that I consider suppleness, like clay your hands that accepts your expression. Programs and documents get brittle very quickly. Wiki imagines a more dynamic environment where we accept change...

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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