Zitate von Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

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Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Geburtstag: 10. Juli 1802
Todesdatum: 17. März 1871

Robert Chambers was a Scottish publisher, geologist, evolutionary thinker, author and journal editor who, like his elder brother and business partner William Chambers, was highly influential in mid-19th century scientific and political circles.

Chambers was an early phrenologist and was the anonymous author of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, which was so controversial that his authorship was not acknowledged until after his death. Wikipedia

Photo: Unknown author, British library / Public domain

Zitate Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

„The skeptical view appears to me out of harmony with the inductive philosophy.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Testimony: its Posture in the Scientific World (1859), p. 8
Kontext: The skeptical view appears to me out of harmony with the inductive philosophy. Bacon gives us many warnings against preconceived opinions and prejudices; but he does not bid us despair of ascertaining facts from our own senses and from testimony.... we do not find in Bacon any dogma like that of Mr. Faraday that the 'laws of nature are the foundation of our knowledge in natural things,' and that these form our only safe test for any new fact presented to our observation. Bacon's method is rather the contrary, namely, that facts are to serve as the foundation of the laws of nature.

„Is our race but the initial of the grand crowning type? Are there yet to be species superior to us“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 276
Kontext: Is our race but the initial of the grand crowning type? Are there yet to be species superior to us in organization, purer in feeling, more powerful in device and act, and who shall take a rule over us! There is in this nothing improbable on other grounds. The present race, rude and impulsive as it is, is perhaps the best adapted to the present state of things in the world; but the external world goes through slow and gradual changes, which may leave it in time a much serener field of existence. There may then be occasion for a nobler type of humanity, which shall complete the zoological circle on this planet, and realize some of the dreams of the purest spirits of the present race.

„We are ignorant of the laws of variety-production; but we see it going on as a principle in nature“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 283
Kontext: We are ignorant of the laws of variety-production; but we see it going on as a principle in nature, and it is obviously favorable to the supposition that all the great families of men are of one stock.

„Should we not from that moment be at a stand-still in all the principal movements of our lives?“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Testimony: its Posture in the Scientific World (1859), p. 7
Kontext: Just suppose for a moment that every fact reported to us by others were viewed in the light of the skeptical system, as to the fallaciousness of the senses and the tendency to self-deception. Should we not from that moment be at a stand-still in all the principal movements of our lives?

„We advance from law to the cause of law“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 26
Kontext: We advance from law to the cause of law, and ask, What is that? Whence have come all these beautiful regulations? Here science leaves us, but only to conclude, from other grounds, that there is a First Cause to which all others are secondary and ministrative, a primitive almighty will, of which these laws are merely the mandates. That great Being, who shall say where is his dwelling-place or what his history! Man pauses breathless at the contemplation of a subject so much above his finite faculties, and only can wonder and adore!

„The progress of knowledge is very irregular, somewhat resembling the movements of an army, of which some battalions are in vigorous health, while others are sickly or overburdened with baggage.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Testimony: its Posture in the Scientific World (1859), p. 1
Kontext: The progress of knowledge is very irregular, somewhat resembling the movements of an army, of which some battalions are in vigorous health, while others are sickly or overburdened with baggage. The experimental marches on at a good pace; the observational proceeds but slowly; the speculative is left far in the rear.

„Geology at first seems inconsistent with the authority of the Mosaic record.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 389
Kontext: Geology at first seems inconsistent with the authority of the Mosaic record. A storm of unreasoning indignation rises against its teachers. In time, its truths, being found quite irresistible, are admitted, and mankind continue to regard the Scriptures with the same respect as before. So also with several other sciences.

„The rise of each generation gives new ties towards the future, which insensibly dissolves those which bind us to the past“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Sanitary Economy (1850), p. 29-30
Kontext: The rise of each generation gives new ties towards the future, which insensibly dissolves those which bind us to the past; and the natural old age of the human race seems to have adjusted itself to that period beyond which the human being would feel isolated and desolate in the midst of the new objects of attachment which the progress of time brings into existence.

„The sick chamber is the place where the most angelic virtues of the human race have ever been called into action.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Sanitary Economy (1850), p. 15
Kontext: The sick chamber is the place where the most angelic virtues of the human race have ever been called into action. The meek patience of the sufferer—the endurance and the active benevolence of those who would not barter that sick room, with its gloom and silence, for all the glitter and the grandeur that human ambition displays beyond its walls—are among the finest objects that the philosophic eye can look on. So in every well-regulated household, each deathbed, if it carry with it the memory of broken ties and deserted seats at the social board, calls up also the recollection of duties fulfilled, of charities administered, of overflowing affection, ashamed to speak its strength, showing itself in strong deeds of unwearied assiduity.

„But in this lies, perhaps, one of its strongest claims to the faith of mankind.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 203
Kontext: What mystery is there here—and how shall I proceed to enunciate the conception which I have ventured to form of what may prove to be its proper solution! It is an idea by no means calculated to impress by its greatness, or to puzzle by its profoundness. It is an idea more marked by simplicity than perhaps any other of those which have explained the great secrets of nature. But in this lies, perhaps, one of its strongest claims to the faith of mankind.

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„It is remarkable of physical laws, that we see them operating on every kind of scale as to magnitude, with the same regularity and perseverance.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 24
Kontext: All, we see, is done by certain laws of matter, so that it becomes a question of extreme interest, what are such laws? All that can yet be said, in answer, is, that we see certain natural events proceeding in an invariable order under certain conditions, and thence infer the existence of some fundamental arrangement which, for the bringing about of these events, has a force and certainty of action similar to, but more precise and unerring than those arrangements which human society makes for its own benefit, and calls laws. It is remarkable of physical laws, that we see them operating on every kind of scale as to magnitude, with the same regularity and perseverance.

„These creatures are all of them part products of the Almighty Conception“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 235
Kontext: It may be asked, if He, as appears, has chosen to employ inferior organisms as a generative medium for the production of higher ones, even including ourselves, what right have we, his humble creatures, to find fault? There is, also, in this prejudice, an element of unkindliness towards the lower animals, which is utterly out of place. These creatures are all of them part products of the Almighty Conception, as well as ourselves.... Let us regard them in a proper spirit, as parts of the grand plan, instead of contemplating them in the light of frivolous prejudices, and we shall be altogether at a loss to see how there should be any degradation in the idea of our race having been genealogically connected with them.

„The appearance… of limestone beds in the early part of the stratified series, may be presumed to be connected with the fact of the commencement of organic life upon our planet“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 56
Kontext: The appearance... of limestone beds in the early part of the stratified series, may be presumed to be connected with the fact of the commencement of organic life upon our planet, and, indeed, a consequent and a symptom of it.... My hypothesis may indeed be unsound; but, whether or not, it is clear, taking organic remains as upon the whole a faithful chronicle, that the deposition of these limestone beds was coeval with the existence of the earliest, or all but the earliest, living creatures upon earth.

„It is desirable that the practical views entertained by sanitary reformers should be kept widely distinct from any such theories, the character of which has been well drawn by Malthus“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Sanitary Economy (1850), p. 28-29
Kontext: It has been among the visions of some dreaming philosophers that human life is capable of almost indefinite extension. The great Condorcet was one of these. He thought that by the removal of the two causes of evil—poverty and superfluity—by destroying prejudices and superstitions, and by various other operations, which he considered the purification of mankind, but which other people would call their pollution, the approach of death would by degrees be farther and farther indefinitely protracted. It is desirable that the practical views entertained by sanitary reformers should be kept widely distinct from any such theories, the character of which has been well drawn by Malthus when he says—"... Though I may not be able in the present instance to mark the limit at which further improvement will stop I can very easily mention a point at which it will not arrive."

„There is nothing at all singular or special in the astronomical situation of the earth.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 32-33
Kontext: There is nothing at all singular or special in the astronomical situation of the earth. It takes its place third in a series of planets, which series is only one of numberless other systems forming one group. It is strikingly-if I may use such an expression-a member of a democracy. Hence, we cannot suppose that there is any peculiarity about it which does not probably attach to multitudes of other bodies—in fact, to all that are analogous to it in respect of cosmical arrangements.

„But what is this but to say that facts by themselves, however well attested, are wholly useless in such circumstances to the cultivators of physical science, while any kind of vague hypothesis can be brought forward in opposition to them? What is it but to put conjecture or prejudice above fact, and indeed utterly to repudiate the Baconian method?“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)

Quelle: Testimony: its Posture in the Scientific World (1859), p. 10
Kontext: The fall of meteoric stones was occasionally reported by good witnesses during many ages. But science did not understand how stones should be formed in or beyond the atmosphere... The accounts of the fall of meteoric stones were held to be incompatible with the laws of nature, and specimens which had been seen to fall by hundreds of people were preserved in cabinets of natural history as ordinary minerals, 'which the credulous and superstitious regarded as having fallen from the clouds.' A committee of the French Academy of Sciences, including the celebrated Lavoisier, unanimously rejected an account of three nearly contemporary descents of meteorites which reached them on the strongest evidence. After two thousand years of incredulity, the truth in this matter was forced upon the scientific world about the beginning of the present century. There would have been at any time, of course, an instant cessation of skepticism if any one could have shewn, a priori, from ascertained principles in connection with the atmosphere, how stones were to be expected to fall from the sky. But what is this but to say that facts by themselves, however well attested, are wholly useless in such circumstances to the cultivators of physical science, while any kind of vague hypothesis can be brought forward in opposition to them? What is it but to put conjecture or prejudice above fact, and indeed utterly to repudiate the Baconian method?

„The style of living is ascertained to have a powerful effect in modifying the human figure in the course of generations“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 280
Kontext: The style of living is ascertained to have a powerful effect in modifying the human figure in the course of generations, and this even in its osseous structure.

„The law of organic development is“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 214
Kontext: The law of organic development is still daily seen at work to certain effects, only somewhat short of a transition from species to species.

„Of late years… it has been successfully shewn that the human race might have had one origin“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 278
Kontext: Of late years... it has been successfully shewn that the human race might have had one origin, for anything that can be inferred from external peculiarities.

„There may then be occasion for a nobler type of humanity, which shall complete the zoological circle on this planet, and realize some of the dreams of the purest spirits of the present race.“

—  Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802), buch Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

Quelle: Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), p. 276
Kontext: Is our race but the initial of the grand crowning type? Are there yet to be species superior to us in organization, purer in feeling, more powerful in device and act, and who shall take a rule over us! There is in this nothing improbable on other grounds. The present race, rude and impulsive as it is, is perhaps the best adapted to the present state of things in the world; but the external world goes through slow and gradual changes, which may leave it in time a much serener field of existence. There may then be occasion for a nobler type of humanity, which shall complete the zoological circle on this planet, and realize some of the dreams of the purest spirits of the present race.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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