Zitate von Louis Riel

Louis Riel Foto
0   0

Louis Riel

Geburtstag: 22. Oktober 1844
Todesdatum: 16. November 1885

Louis „David“ Riel [luːi ʀiːˈɛl] war ein kanadischer Rebell und Politiker. Er war Mitbegründer der Provinz Manitoba und eine Führungspersönlichkeit der Métis. Riel führte in der kanadischen Prärie zwei Aufstände gegen die Bundesregierung unter Premierminister John Macdonald an. Er strebte danach, Rechte und Kultur seines Volkes, der Métis, zu bewahren, deren Heimat, die zuvor von der Hudson’s Bay Company verwaltet worden war, 1869 vom kanadischen Bundesstaat gekauft wurde und zunehmend unter anglo-kanadischen Siedlungsdruck geriet.

Während der Red-River-Rebellion von 1869/70 führte Riel in der Red-River-Kolonie eine provisorische Regierung. Diese handelte die Bedingungen des Manitoba Act aus, unter denen die heutige Provinz Manitoba innerhalb der Kanadischen Konföderation auf dem Gebiet der damaligen Nordwest-Territorien gegründet wurde. Als Folge der während des Aufstands von ihm angeordneten Hinrichtung des militanten Oraniers Thomas Scott musste Riel in die Vereinigten Staaten ins Exil gehen. Dreimal wurde er in Abwesenheit zum Abgeordneten des kanadischen Unterhauses gewählt, konnte sein Mandat aber nie wahrnehmen, da ein Kopfgeld auf ihn ausgesetzt war. Während seiner Verbannung hatte er religiöse Visionen. Er war davon überzeugt, ein von Gott auserwählter Prophet der Métis und Begründer eines neuen Christentums zu sein.

Riel begab sich 1884 in die heutige Provinz Saskatchewan, um der kanadischen Regierung die Missstände aufzuzeigen, unter denen die Métis litten. Der schwelende Konflikt eskalierte 1885 in der Nordwest-Rebellion. Nach der Schlacht von Batoche wurde Riel verhaftet, wegen Hochverrats vor Gericht gestellt und schließlich hingerichtet. An seiner Person spaltete sich die kanadische Bevölkerung in zwei Lager. In den frankophonen Regionen des Landes, insbesondere in Québec, galt Riel als Volksheld und seine Hinrichtung wurde überwiegend als politischer Mord empfunden. Die englischsprachige Bevölkerungsmehrheit betrachtete ihn hingegen als Aufrührer und Verbrecher. Diese Einschätzungen haben einer differenzierteren Haltung Platz gemacht, in der das religiöse Weltbild und die Familienstruktur Riels sowie die grenzübergreifende Kultur der Métis stärker Berücksichtigung finden. Heute gilt er als eine der wichtigsten historischen Figuren Kanadas und als „Vater Manitobas“. Wikipedia

Zitate Louis Riel

„My father bless me, according to the views of thy Providence which are beautiful and without measure.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: But last year, while I was yet in Montana, while I was passing before the catholic church, the priest, the Revd. Father Frederick Ebeville, curate of the church of the Immaculate Conception at Benton, said to me "I am glad to see you, is your family here?" I said yes; he said "Go and bring them to the altar, I want to bless you before you go away " and with Gabriel Dumont and my family we all went on our kness at the altar, the priest put on his surplice and he took holy water and was going to bless us. I said will you allow me to pronounce a prayer while you bless me; he said yes, I want to know what it is. I told him the prayer, it is speaking to God "My father bless me, according to the views of thy Providence which are beautiful and without measure." He said to me : "You can say that prayer while I bless you " Well he blessed me. I pronounced that prayer for myself, for my children and for Gabriel Dumont. When the glorious general Middleton fired on us during three days and on our families and when shells went and bullets went as thick as mosquitoes in the hot day of summer, when I saw my children, my wife, myself and Gabriel Dumont were escaping, I said that nothing but the blessing without measure of Father Frederick Ebeville could save me, and that can save me to-day from these charges.

„In a little while it will be all over. We may fail. But the rights for which we contend will not die.“

—  Louis Riel

Letter from Batoche, N.W. T. to The Irish World (6 May 1885), also published as " An Appeal for Justice" in The Gibbet of Regina : The Truth about Riel, Sir John A. Macdonald and His Cabinet Before Public Opinion, by One who Knows (1886) by One who knows, Napoléon Thompson, p. 186
Kontext: In a little while it will be all over. We may fail. But the rights for which we contend will not die. A day of reckoning will come to our enemies and of jubilee to my people. The hated yoke of English domination and arrogance will be broken in this land, and the long-suffering victims of their injustice will, with God's blessing, re-enter into the peaceful enjoyment of their possessions.

„We must cherish our inheritance. We must preserve our nationality for the youth of our future. The story should be written down to pass on.“

—  Louis Riel

As quoted at Metis crossing official site http://www.metiscrossing.com/multimedia.html

„The Court. has done the work for me, and although at first appearance it seems to be against me, I am so confident in the idea which I have had the honor to express yesterday, that I think it is for good and not for my loss.“

—  Louis Riel

Address on sentencing (1885)
Kontext: The Court. has done the work for me, and although at first appearance it seems to be against me, I am so confident in the idea which I have had the honor to express yesterday, that I think it is for good and not for my loss. Up to this moment, I have been considered by a certain party as insane, by another party as a criminal, by another party as a man with whom it was doubtful whether to have any intercourse. So there was hostility and there was contempt, and there was avoidance To-day, by the verdict of the Court, one of these three situations has disappeared.
I suppose that after having been condemned, I will cease to be called a fool, and for me it is a great advantage. I consider it as a great advantage. If I have a mission, I say "If " for the sake of those who doubt, but for my part it means "Since," since I have a mission, I cannot fulfil my mission as long as I am looked upon as an insane being-human being, at the moment that I begin to ascend that scale, I begin to succeed.

„I do not wish for my satisfaction the name of prophet. Generally that title is accompanied with such a burden, that if there is satisfaction for your vanity there is a check to it.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: I prefer to be called one of the flock. I am no more than you are, I am simply one of the flock, equal to the rest. If it is any satisfaction to the doctor to know what kind of insanity I have, if they are going to call my pretensions insanity, I say, humbly, through the grace of God I believe I am the prophet of the New World.
I wish you to believe that I am not trying to play insanity, there is in the manner, in the standing of a man, the proof that he is sincere, not playing. You will say, what have you got to say? I have to attend to practical results. Is it practical that you be acknowledged as a prophet? Is it practical to say it. I think if the Half-breeds. have acknowledged me, as a community, to be a prophet. I have reason to believe that it is beginning to become practical. I do not wish for my satisfaction the name of prophet. Generally that title is accompanied with such a burden, that if there is satisfaction for your vanity there is a check to it.

„I know that through the grace of God I am the founder of Manitoba; I know that though I have no open road for my influence, I have big influence concentrated, as a big amount of vapour in an engine.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: I know that through the grace of God I am the founder of Manitoba; I know that though I have no open road for my influence, I have big influence concentrated, as a big amount of vapour in an engine. I believe by what I suffered for 15 years, by what I have done for Manitoba and the people of the North-West that my words are worth something, if I give offence I do not speak to insult. Yes, you are the pioneers of civilization, the Whites are the pioneers of civilization, but they bring among the Indians demoralization. Do not be offended ladies, do not be offended. Here are the men that can cure that evil, and if at times I have been strong against my true friends and Fathers, the Reverend Priests of the Saskatchewan, it is because my convictions are strong. There have been witnesses to show that immediately after great patience, I could come back to the respect I have for them.

„I am contradicted at this moment on politics, and the smile that comes to my face is not an act of my will, so much it comes naturally, from the satisfaction that I prove that I experience seeing one of my difficulties disappearing.“

—  Louis Riel

Address on sentencing (1885)
Kontext: I am contradicted at this moment on politics, and the smile that comes to my face is not an act of my will, so much it comes naturally, from the satisfaction that I prove that I experience seeing one of my difficulties disappearing. Should I be executed, at least if I were going to be executed, I would not be executed as an insane man, it would be a great consolation for my mother, for my wife, for my children, for my brothers, for my relatives, even for my protectors, for my countrymen. I thank the gentlemen who were composing the Jury for having recommended me to the clemency of the Court. When I express the great hope that I have just expressed to you, I don't express it without ground, my hopes are reasonable, and since they are recommended, since the recommendation of the Jury to the Crown is for clemency.

„It is true, gentlemen, I believed for years I had a mission, and when I speak of a mission you will understand me not as trying to play the role of insane before the grand jury so as to have a verdict of acquittal upon that ground. I believe that I have a mission, I believe I had a mission at this very time.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Variante: I believed that I had a mission, I believe that I had a mission at this very moment.
The Queen Vs. Louis Riel : Accused and Convicted of the Crime of High Treason. Report of Trial at Regina (1886), p. 147 http://books.google.com/books?id=jLANAAAAQAAJ&output=text
Kontext: It is true, gentlemen, I believed for years I had a mission, and when I speak of a mission you will understand me not as trying to play the role of insane before the grand jury so as to have a verdict of acquittal upon that ground. I believe that I have a mission, I believe I had a mission at this very time. What encourages me to speak to you with more confidence in all the imperfections of my English way of speaking, it is that I have yet and still that mission, and with the help of God, who is in this box with me, and He is on the side of my lawyers, even with the honorable court, the Crown and the jury, to help me, and to prove by the extraordinary help that there is a Providence to-day in my trial, as there was a Providence in the battles of the Saskatchewan.

„I have not assumed to myself that I had a mission.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: I have not assumed to myself that I had a mission. I was working in Manitoba first and I did all I could to get free institutions for Manitoba. They have those institutions today in Manitoba and they try to improve them, while myself who obtained them, I am forgotten as if I was dead. But after I had obtained with the help of others a constitution for Manitoba, when the government at Ottawa was not willing to inaugurate it at the proper time, I have worked till the inauguration should take place and that is why I have been banished for five years. I had to rest five years. I was unwilling to do it. I protested. I said : Oh my God! I offer you all my existence for that cause and please to make of my weakness an instrument to help men in my country. And seeing my intentions, the late Archbishop Bourget said "Riel has no narrow views, he is a man to accomplish great things" and he wrote that letter of which I hope that the Crown has at least a copy. And in another letter when I became what Drs. believed to be, insane, Bishop Bourget wrote again and said "Ye be blessed by God and man and take patience in your evil." Am I not taking patience I Will I be blessed by man as I have been by God?
I say that, I have been blessed by God and I hope that you will not take that as a presumptuous assertion. It has been a great success for me to come through all the dangers I have in that 15 years. If I have not succeeded in wearing a fine coat myself I have at the same time the great consolation of seeing that God has maintained my views; that he has maintained my health sufficiently to go through the world and that he has kept me from bullets when bullets marked my hat.

„I will perhaps be one day acknowledged as more than a leader of the Half-breeds, and if I am, I will have an opportunity of being acknowledged as a leader of good in this great country.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: I am glad that the Crown have proved that I am the leader of the Half-breeds in the North-West. I will perhaps be one day acknowledged as more than a leader of the Half-breeds, and if I am, I will have an opportunity of being acknowledged as a leader of good in this great country.

„If I have a mission, I say "If " for the sake of those who doubt, but for my part it means "Since," since I have a mission, I cannot fulfil my mission as long as I am looked upon as an insane being-human being, at the moment that I begin to ascend that scale, I begin to succeed.“

—  Louis Riel

Address on sentencing (1885)
Kontext: The Court. has done the work for me, and although at first appearance it seems to be against me, I am so confident in the idea which I have had the honor to express yesterday, that I think it is for good and not for my loss. Up to this moment, I have been considered by a certain party as insane, by another party as a criminal, by another party as a man with whom it was doubtful whether to have any intercourse. So there was hostility and there was contempt, and there was avoidance To-day, by the verdict of the Court, one of these three situations has disappeared.
I suppose that after having been condemned, I will cease to be called a fool, and for me it is a great advantage. I consider it as a great advantage. If I have a mission, I say "If " for the sake of those who doubt, but for my part it means "Since," since I have a mission, I cannot fulfil my mission as long as I am looked upon as an insane being-human being, at the moment that I begin to ascend that scale, I begin to succeed.

„I say that, I have been blessed by God and I hope that you will not take that as a presumptuous assertion.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: I have not assumed to myself that I had a mission. I was working in Manitoba first and I did all I could to get free institutions for Manitoba. They have those institutions today in Manitoba and they try to improve them, while myself who obtained them, I am forgotten as if I was dead. But after I had obtained with the help of others a constitution for Manitoba, when the government at Ottawa was not willing to inaugurate it at the proper time, I have worked till the inauguration should take place and that is why I have been banished for five years. I had to rest five years. I was unwilling to do it. I protested. I said : Oh my God! I offer you all my existence for that cause and please to make of my weakness an instrument to help men in my country. And seeing my intentions, the late Archbishop Bourget said "Riel has no narrow views, he is a man to accomplish great things" and he wrote that letter of which I hope that the Crown has at least a copy. And in another letter when I became what Drs. believed to be, insane, Bishop Bourget wrote again and said "Ye be blessed by God and man and take patience in your evil." Am I not taking patience I Will I be blessed by man as I have been by God?
I say that, I have been blessed by God and I hope that you will not take that as a presumptuous assertion. It has been a great success for me to come through all the dangers I have in that 15 years. If I have not succeeded in wearing a fine coat myself I have at the same time the great consolation of seeing that God has maintained my views; that he has maintained my health sufficiently to go through the world and that he has kept me from bullets when bullets marked my hat.

„Even if I was going to be sentenced by you, Gentlemen of the Jury, I have this satisfaction that if I die, I will not be reputed by all men as insane, as a lunatic.“

—  Louis Riel

Address to Grand Jury (1885)
Kontext: Even if I was going to be sentenced by you, Gentlemen of the Jury, I have this satisfaction that if I die, I will not be reputed by all men as insane, as a lunatic. A good deal has been said by the two Revd Fathers André and Fourmond. I cannot call them my friends, but they made no false testimony. I know that a long time ago they believed me more or less insane. Father Fourmond said that I would pass from a great passion to great calmness, that shows great control under contradiction and according to my opinion and with the help of God, I have that control.

„So there was hostility and there was contempt, and there was avoidance To-day, by the verdict of the Court, one of these three situations has disappeared.
I suppose that after having been condemned, I will cease to be called a fool, and for me it is a great advantage.“

—  Louis Riel

Address on sentencing (1885)
Kontext: The Court. has done the work for me, and although at first appearance it seems to be against me, I am so confident in the idea which I have had the honor to express yesterday, that I think it is for good and not for my loss. Up to this moment, I have been considered by a certain party as insane, by another party as a criminal, by another party as a man with whom it was doubtful whether to have any intercourse. So there was hostility and there was contempt, and there was avoidance To-day, by the verdict of the Court, one of these three situations has disappeared.
I suppose that after having been condemned, I will cease to be called a fool, and for me it is a great advantage. I consider it as a great advantage. If I have a mission, I say "If " for the sake of those who doubt, but for my part it means "Since," since I have a mission, I cannot fulfil my mission as long as I am looked upon as an insane being-human being, at the moment that I begin to ascend that scale, I begin to succeed.

„Deeds are not accomplished in a few days, or in a few hours. A century is only a spoke in the wheel of everlasting time.“

—  Louis Riel

Quoted in The Montreal Weekly Star (22 August 1885), and War in the West : Voices of the 1885 Rebellion (1985) by Rudy Henry Wiebe and Bob Beal, p. 2

Ähnliche Autoren

Otto Von Bismarck Foto
Otto Von Bismarck52
deutscher Politiker, Reichskanzler
Theodore Roosevelt Foto
Theodore Roosevelt95
US Amerikanischer Politiker, 26. Präsident der USA
Stendhal Foto
Stendhal27
französischer Schriftsteller im 19. Jahrhundert
Friedrich Engels Foto
Friedrich Engels42
deutscher Politiker, Unternehmer, Philosoph und Militärhist…
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Foto
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel39
deutscher Philosoph
Sir William Osler Foto
Sir William Osler5
kanadischer Mediziner
Phineas Taylor Barnum Foto
Phineas Taylor Barnum3
US-amerikanischer Zirkuspionier und Politiker
Alexis De Tocqueville Foto
Alexis De Tocqueville16
französischer Publizist und Politiker
Leonard Henry Courtney Foto
Leonard Henry Courtney1
britischer Diplomat und Politiker, Mitglied des House of Co…
Jean Jaurès Foto
Jean Jaurès2
französischer Philosoph, Politiker, Vertreter des Reformsoz…
Heutige Jubiläen
The Notorious B.I.G. Foto
The Notorious B.I.G.8
US-amerikanischer Rapper 1972 - 1997
Albrecht Dürer Foto
Albrecht Dürer13
deutscher Maler und Graphiker 1471 - 1528
Romain Gary Foto
Romain Gary2
französischer Schriftsteller 1914 - 1980
Alexander Pope Foto
Alexander Pope14
englischer Dichter, Übersetzer und Schriftsteller 1688 - 1744
Weitere 56 heutige Jubiläen
Ähnliche Autoren
Otto Von Bismarck Foto
Otto Von Bismarck52
deutscher Politiker, Reichskanzler
Theodore Roosevelt Foto
Theodore Roosevelt95
US Amerikanischer Politiker, 26. Präsident der USA
Stendhal Foto
Stendhal27
französischer Schriftsteller im 19. Jahrhundert
Friedrich Engels Foto
Friedrich Engels42
deutscher Politiker, Unternehmer, Philosoph und Militärhist…
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Foto
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel39
deutscher Philosoph