Zitate von Josip Broz-Tito

Josip Broz-Tito Foto
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Josip Broz-Tito

Geburtstag: 7. Mai 1892
Todesdatum: 4. Mai 1980

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Josip Broz Tito Aussprache?/i war ein jugoslawischer kommunistischer Politiker und als Generalsekretär des Bundes der Kommunisten Jugoslawiens, Ministerpräsident und Staatspräsident von 1945 bis 1980 der langjährige diktatorische Staatschef Jugoslawiens.

Das Pseudonym Tito nahm Josip Broz 1934 an, als er Mitglied des Politbüros der Kommunistischen Partei Jugoslawiens wurde und in den politischen Untergrund ging.

Als Marschall führte Tito im Zweiten Weltkrieg die kommunistischen Partisanen im Kampf gegen die deutschen und italienischen Besatzer Jugoslawiens, die faschistischen Ustascha und die königstreuen Tschetniks. Nach dem Krieg wurde er zunächst Ministerpräsident und schließlich Staatspräsident seines Landes; ein Amt, das er bis zu seinem Tod bekleidete. Er verfolgte eine von der Sowjetunion unabhängige Politik und galt seit den 1950er Jahren als einer der führenden Staatsmänner der Bewegung der Blockfreien Staaten. Um ihn wurde ein intensiver Personenkult betrieben.

Zitate Josip Broz-Tito

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„Bei Stalin war jedes Verbrechen möglich, denn es gibt kein einziges, das er nicht begangen hätte […] ihm wird jedenfalls […] der Ruhm zufallen, der größte Verbrecher der Geschichte zu sein.“

— Josip Broz-Tito
1962 über Josef Stalin, zitiert u. a. bei »Als die schlimmste Christenverfolgung begann«, kath. net, 13. November 2007 und in "idea Spektrum", Nr. 46/2007, 14. November 2007, S. 18

„Kosovo is now the biggest problem confronting Yugoslavia“

— Josip Broz Tito
Tito, as quoted in Julie Mertus' Kosovo: how myths and truths started a war (University of California Press, 1999), p. 22

„Those Chetniks up there who are now firing on us will have joined us within a year.“

— Josip Broz Tito
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 185.

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„If you saw what I see for the future in Yugoslavia, it would scare you.“

— Josip Broz Tito
As said to former Foreign Minister Mirko Tepavac in 1971. (Yugoslavia: A State that Withered Away, Dejan Jović, Purdue University Press, 2009, p.45)

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„No country of people's democracy has so many nationalities as this country has. Only in Czechoslovakia do there exist two kindred nationalities, while in some of the other countries there are only minorities. Consequently in these countries of people's democracy there has been no need to settle such serious problems as we have had to settle here. With them the road to socialism is less complicated than is the case here. With them the basic factor is the class issue, with us it is both the nationalities and the class issue. The reason why we were able to settle the nationalities question so thoroughly is to be found in the fact that it had begun to be settled in a revolutionary way in the course of the Liberation War, in which all the nationalities in the country participated, in which every national group made its contribution to the general effort of liberation from the occupier according to its capabilities. Neither the Macedonians nor any other national group which until then had been oppressed obtained their national liberation by decree. They fought for their national liberation with rifle in hand. The role of the Communist Party lay in the first place in the fact that it led that struggle, which was a guarantee that after the war the national question would be settled decisively in the way the communists had conceived long before the war and during the war. The role of the Communist Party in this respect today, in the phase of building socialism, lies in making the positive national factors a stimulus to, not a brake on, the development of socialism in our country. The role of the Communist Party today lies in the necessity for keeping a sharp lookout to see that national chauvinism does not appear and develop among any of the nationalities. The Communist Party must always endeavour, and does endeavour, to ensure that all the negative phenomena of nationalism disappear and that people are educated in the spirit of internationalism. What are the phenomena of nationalism? Here are some of them: 1) National egoism, from which many other negative traits of nationalism are derived, as for example — a desire for foreign conquest, a desire to oppress other nations, a desire to impose economic exploitation upon other nations, and so on; 2) national-chauvinism which is also a source of many other negative traits of nationalism, as for example national hatred, the disparagement of other nations, the disparagement of their history, culture, and scientific activities and scientific achievements, and so on, the glorification of developments in their own history that were negative and which from our Marxist point of view are considered negative. And what are these negative things? Wars of conquest are negative, the subjugation and oppression of other nations is negative, economic exploitation is negative, colonial enslavement is negative, and so on. All these things are accounted negative by Marxism and condemned. All these phenomena of the past can, it is true, be explained, but from our point of view they can never be justified. In a socialist society such phenomena must and will disappear. In the old Yugoslavia national oppression by the great-Serb capitalist clique meant strengthening the economic exploitation of the oppressed peoples. This is the inevitable fate of all who suffer from national oppression. In the new, socialist Yugoslavia the existing equality of rights for all nationalities has made it impossible for one national group to impose economic exploitation upon another. That is because hegemony of one national group over another no longer exists in this country. Any such hegemony must inevitably bring with it, to some degree or other, in one form or another, economic exploitation; and that would be contrary to the principles upon which socialism rests. Only economic, political, cultural, and universal equality of rights can make it possible for us to grow in strength in these tremendous endeavours of our community.“

— Josip Broz Tito
[http://www.marxists.org/archive/tito/1948/11/26.htm Concerning the National Question and Social Patriotism] Speech held at the Slovene Academy of Arts and Sciences, November 26, 1948, Ljubljana

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