Zitate von Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Schrödinger Foto
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Erwin Schrödinger

Geburtstag: 12. August 1887
Todesdatum: 4. Januar 1961

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Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger war ein österreichischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker.

Schrödinger gilt als einer der Begründer der Quantenmechanik und erhielt für die Entdeckung neuer produktiver Formen der Atomtheorie gemeinsam mit Paul Dirac 1933 den Nobelpreis für Physik.

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Zitate Erwin Schrödinger

„Ein rein verstandesmäßiges Weltbild ganz ohne Mystik ist ein Unding.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Brief an Franz Theodor Csokor, datiert Alpbach, 17. September 1960, zitiert in: Mein Leben, meine Weltansicht, mit einem Vorw. von Auguste Dick. - [Lizenzausg. ] - Zürich : Diogenes, 1989. (Diogenes Taschenbuch ; 21783) ISBN 3-257-21783-8 - innere Umschlagseite ohne Seitennummer

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„„Ich finde Gott nicht vor in Raum und Zeit“, so sagt der ehrliche naturwissenschaftliche Denker und wird dafür von denen gescholten, in deren Katechismus doch steht: Gott ist Geist.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Was ist ein Naturgesetz? Antrittsrede an der Universität Zürich am 9. Dezember 1922. In: Was ist ein Naturgesetz? Beiträge zum naturwissenschaftlichen Weltbild. Oldenbourg (Scientia nova) München 1997. S. 9-85. S. 85 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=4hqc2tvawQMC&pg=PA85.

„Es liegt natürlich sehr nahe, die Funktion ψ auf einen Schwingungsvorgang im Atom zu beziehen, dem die den Elektronenbahnen heute vielfach bezweifelte Realität in höherem Maße zukommt als ihnen.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
„Quantisierung als Eigenwertproblem (Erste Mitteilung)“, Annalen der Physik 79 (1926), s. 361-376, § 3, S. 372 thp.uni-koeln.de http://www.thp.uni-koeln.de/natter/data/Schroedinger_Mitteilung1.pdf

„Ich - ich im weitesten Sinne des Wortes, d. h. jedes bewußt denkende geistige Wesen, das sich als »Ich« bezeichnet oder empfunden hat - ist die Person, sofern es überhaupt eine gibt, welche die »Bewegung der Atome« in Übereinstimmung mit den Naturgesetzen leitet.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Was ist Leben? Die lebende Zelle mit den Augen des Physikers betrachtet. Epilog: Determinismus und Willensfreiheit. Francke Bern 1951. S. 123 http://books.google.de/books?id=oEc_AAAAYAAJ&q=leitet; Piper München 1987, S, 122 online-media.uni-marburg.de http://online-media.uni-marburg.de/biologie/genetik/boelker/Wissenschaft/Erwin%20Schroedinger_Was%20ist%20Leben.pdf. (Original englisch: "The only possible inference from these two facts is, I think, that I - I in the widest meaning of the word, that is to say, every conscious mind that has ever said or felt 'I' - am the person, if any, who controls the 'motion of the atoms' according to the Law of Nature." - What is Life? (1944). Cambridge UP p. 87 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=hP9-WIEyv8cC&pg=PA87

„This life of yours which you are living is not merely a piece of this entire existence, but in a certain sense the whole; only this whole is not so constituted that it can be surveyed in one single glance.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
My View of the World (1961), Context: This life of yours which you are living is not merely a piece of this entire existence, but in a certain sense the whole; only this whole is not so constituted that it can be surveyed in one single glance. This, as we know, is what the Brahmins express in that sacred, mystic formula which is yet really so simple and so clear; tat tvam asi, this is you. Or, again, in such words as "I am in the east and the west, I am above and below, I am this entire world."

„Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Science and Humanism (1951), Context: I am born into an environment — I know not whence I came nor whither I go nor who I am. This is my situation as yours, every single one of you. The fact that everyone always was in this same situation, and always will be, tells me nothing. Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment. That is why we are eager to find out about it as much as we can. That is science, learning, knowledge; it is the true source of every spiritual endeavour of man. We try to find out as much as we can about the spatial and temporal surroundings of the place in which we find ourselves put by birth…

„Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Nature and the Greeks (1954), Context: The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system. And it might be better to reserve the term "subject" for the observing mind. … For the subject, if anything, is the thing that senses and thinks. Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."

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„Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Context: Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness. Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms. For consciousness is absolutely fundamental. It cannot be accounted for in terms of anything else. As quoted in The Observer (11 January 1931); also in Psychic Research (1931), Vol. 25, p. 91

„In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge, date back some 2500 years or more… the recognition ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Context: In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world. The striving of all the scholars of Vedanta was after having learnt to pronounce with their lips, really assimilate in their minds this grandest of all thoughts. Again, the mystics of many centuries, independently, yet in perfect harmony with each other (somewhat like the particles in an ideal gas) have described, each of them, the unique experience of his or her life in terms that can be condensed in the phrase: DEUS FACTUS SUM (I have become God). To Western ideology, the thought has remained a stranger... in spite of those true lovers who, as they look into each other's eyes, become aware that their thought and their joy are numerically one, not merely similar or identical... "The I That Is God" as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

„The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Mind and Matter (1958), Context: The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one. The barrier between them cannot be said to have broken down as a result of recent experience in the physical sciences, for this barrier does not exist. <!-- p. 127

„So with all due acknowledgement to the fact that physical theory is at all times relative, in that it depends on certain basic assumptions, we may, or so I believe, assert that physical theory in its present stage strongly suggests the indestructibility of Mind by Time.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Mind and Matter (1958), Context: To my view the ‘statistical theory of time’ has an even stronger bearing on the philosophy of time than the theory of relativity. The latter, however revolutionary, leaves untouched the undirectional flow of time, which it presupposes, while the statistical theory constructs it from the order of events. This means a liberation from the tyranny of old Chronos. What we in our minds construct ourselves cannot, so I feel, have dictatorial power over our mind, neither the power of bringing it to the fore nor the power of annihilating it. But some of you, I am sure, will call this mysticism. So with all due acknowledgement to the fact that physical theory is at all times relative, in that it depends on certain basic assumptions, we may, or so I believe, assert that physical theory in its present stage strongly suggests the indestructibility of Mind by Time.

„The multiplicity is only apparent.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The multiplicity is only apparent. This is the doctrine of the Upanishads. And not of the Upanishads only. The mystical experience of the union with God regularly leads to this view, unless strong prejudices stand in the way. As quoted in The Eye of Shiva: Eastern Mysticism and Science (1981) by Amaury de Riencourt <!-- p. 7 -->

„The plurality that we perceive is only an appearance; it is not real.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger
Context: The plurality that we perceive is only an appearance; it is not real. Vedantic philosophy... has sought to clarify it by a number of analogies, one of the most attractive being the many-faceted crystal which, while showing hundreds of little pictures of what is in reality a single existent object, does not really multiply that object... "The Mystic Vision" as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber

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