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Erwin Schrödinger

Geburtstag: 12. August 1887
Todesdatum: 4. Januar 1961

Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger war ein österreichischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker.

Schrödinger gilt als einer der Begründer der Quantenmechanik und erhielt für die Entdeckung neuer produktiver Formen der Atomtheorie gemeinsam mit Paul Dirac 1933 den Nobelpreis für Physik.

„„Ich finde Gott nicht vor in Raum und Zeit“, so sagt der ehrliche naturwissenschaftliche Denker und wird dafür von denen gescholten, in deren Katechismus doch steht: Gott ist Geist.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Was ist ein Naturgesetz? Antrittsrede an der Universität Zürich am 9. Dezember 1922. In: Was ist ein Naturgesetz? Beiträge zum naturwissenschaftlichen Weltbild. Oldenbourg (Scientia nova) München 1997. S. 9-85. S. 85 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=4hqc2tvawQMC&pg=PA85.

„Ein rein verstandesmäßiges Weltbild ganz ohne Mystik ist ein Unding.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Brief an Franz Theodor Csokor, datiert Alpbach, 17. September 1960, zitiert in: Mein Leben, meine Weltansicht, mit einem Vorw. von Auguste Dick. - [Lizenzausg. ] - Zürich : Diogenes, 1989. (Diogenes Taschenbuch ; 21783) ISBN 3-257-21783-8 - innere Umschlagseite ohne Seitennummer

„Es liegt natürlich sehr nahe, die Funktion ψ auf einen Schwingungsvorgang im Atom zu beziehen, dem die den Elektronenbahnen heute vielfach bezweifelte Realität in höherem Maße zukommt als ihnen.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

„Quantisierung als Eigenwertproblem (Erste Mitteilung)“, Annalen der Physik 79 (1926), s. 361-376, § 3, S. 372 thp.uni-koeln.de http://www.thp.uni-koeln.de/natter/data/Schroedinger_Mitteilung1.pdf

„Ich - ich im weitesten Sinne des Wortes, d. h. jedes bewußt denkende geistige Wesen, das sich als »Ich« bezeichnet oder empfunden hat - ist die Person, sofern es überhaupt eine gibt, welche die »Bewegung der Atome« in Übereinstimmung mit den Naturgesetzen leitet.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Was ist Leben? Die lebende Zelle mit den Augen des Physikers betrachtet. Epilog: Determinismus und Willensfreiheit. Francke Bern 1951. S. 123 http://books.google.de/books?id=oEc_AAAAYAAJ&q=leitet; Piper München 1987, S, 122 online-media.uni-marburg.de http://online-media.uni-marburg.de/biologie/genetik/boelker/Wissenschaft/Erwin%20Schroedinger_Was%20ist%20Leben.pdf.
(Original englisch: "The only possible inference from these two facts is, I think, that I - I in the widest meaning of the word, that is to say, every conscious mind that has ever said or felt 'I' - am the person, if any, who controls the 'motion of the atoms' according to the Law of Nature." - What is Life? (1944). Cambridge UP p. 87 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=hP9-WIEyv8cC&pg=PA87

„The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Mind and Matter (1958)
Kontext: The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one. The barrier between them cannot be said to have broken down as a result of recent experience in the physical sciences, for this barrier does not exist. <!-- p. 127

„This life of yours which you are living is not merely a piece of this entire existence, but in a certain sense the whole; only this whole is not so constituted that it can be surveyed in one single glance.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

My View of the World (1961)
Kontext: This life of yours which you are living is not merely a piece of this entire existence, but in a certain sense the whole; only this whole is not so constituted that it can be surveyed in one single glance. This, as we know, is what the Brahmins express in that sacred, mystic formula which is yet really so simple and so clear; tat tvam asi, this is you. Or, again, in such words as "I am in the east and the west, I am above and below, I am this entire world."

„Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Science and Humanism (1951)
Kontext: I am born into an environment — I know not whence I came nor whither I go nor who I am. This is my situation as yours, every single one of you. The fact that everyone always was in this same situation, and always will be, tells me nothing. Our burning question as to the whence and whither — all we can ourselves observe about it is the present environment. That is why we are eager to find out about it as much as we can. That is science, learning, knowledge; it is the true source of every spiritual endeavour of man. We try to find out as much as we can about the spatial and temporal surroundings of the place in which we find ourselves put by birth…

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„Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Nature and the Greeks (1954)
Kontext: The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system. And it might be better to reserve the term "subject" for the observing mind. … For the subject, if anything, is the thing that senses and thinks. Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."

„Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

As quoted in The Observer (11 January 1931); also in Psychic Research (1931), Vol. 25, p. 91
Kontext: Although I think that life may be the result of an accident, I do not think that of consciousness. Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms. For consciousness is absolutely fundamental. It cannot be accounted for in terms of anything else.

„PHYSICAL LAWS REST ON ATOMIC STATISTICS AND ARE THEREFORE ONLY APPROXIMATE“

—  Erwin Schrödinger, buch What Is Life?

What Is Life? (1944)
Kontext: What we call thought (1) is itself an orderly thing, and (2) can only be applied to material, i. e. to perceptions or experiences, which have a certain degree of orderliness. This has two consequences. First, a physical organization, to be in close correspondence with thought (as my brain is with my thought) must be a very well-ordered organization, and that means that the events that happen within it must obey strict physical laws, at least to a very high degree of accuracy. Secondly, the physical impressions made upon that physically well-organized system by other bodies from outside, obviously correspond to the perception and experience of the corresponding thought, forming its material, as I have called it. Therefore, the physical interactions between our system and others must, as a rule, themselves possess a certain degree of physical orderliness, that is to say, they too must obey strict physical laws to a certain degree of accuracy.
PHYSICAL LAWS REST ON ATOMIC STATISTICS AND ARE THEREFORE ONLY APPROXIMATE

„If I say that there cannot be more than one consciousness in the same mind, this seems a blunt tautology — we are quite unable to imagine the contrary…“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

"The Oneness of Mind", as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber
Kontext: Consciousness is never experienced in the plural, only in the singular. Not only has none of us ever experienced more than one consciousness, but there is also no trace of circumstantial evidence of this ever happening anywhere in the world. If I say that there cannot be more than one consciousness in the same mind, this seems a blunt tautology — we are quite unable to imagine the contrary...

„Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge… It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Writings of July 1918, quoted in A Life of Erwin Schrödinger (1994) by Walter Moore
Kontext: Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge... It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. Indeed in a certain sense two "I"'s are identical namely when one disregards all special contents — their Karma. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further... when man dies his Karma lives and creates for itself another carrier.

„The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Nature and the Greeks (1954)
Kontext: The observing mind is not a physical system, it cannot interact with any physical system. And it might be better to reserve the term "subject" for the observing mind. … For the subject, if anything, is the thing that senses and thinks. Sensations and thoughts do not belong to the "world of energy."

„In physics we have dealt hitherto only with periodic crystals.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger, buch What Is Life?

To a humble physicist's mind, these are very interesting and complicated objects; they constitute one of the most fascinating and complex material structures by which inanimate nature puzzles his wits. Yet, compared with the aperiodic crystal, they are rather plain and dull. The difference in structure is of the same kind as that between an ordinary wallpaper in which the same pattern is repeated again and again in regular periodicity and a masterpiece of embroidery, say a Raphael tapestry, which shows no dull repetition, but an elaborate, coherent, meaningful design traced by the great master.
What Is Life? (1944)

„Nature does not act by purposes.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

Mind and Matter (1958)
Kontext: Nature has no reverence towards life. Nature treats life as though it were the most valueless thing in the world.... Nature does not act by purposes.

„In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge, date back some 2500 years or more… the recognition ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world.“

—  Erwin Schrödinger

"The I That Is God" as translated in Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists (1984) edited by Ken Wilber
Kontext: In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world. The striving of all the scholars of Vedanta was after having learnt to pronounce with their lips, really assimilate in their minds this grandest of all thoughts.
Again, the mystics of many centuries, independently, yet in perfect harmony with each other (somewhat like the particles in an ideal gas) have described, each of them, the unique experience of his or her life in terms that can be condensed in the phrase: DEUS FACTUS SUM (I have become God).
To Western ideology, the thought has remained a stranger... in spite of those true lovers who, as they look into each other's eyes, become aware that their thought and their joy are numerically one, not merely similar or identical...

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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