Zitate von James George Frazer

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James George Frazer

Geburtstag: 1. Januar 1854
Todesdatum: 7. Mai 1941

Sir James George Frazer war ein schottischer Ethnologe und Klassischer Philologe. Er gilt neben Edward B. Tylor und Émile Durkheim als Mitbegründer der Religionsethnologie. Wikipedia

Zitate James George Frazer

„The heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America, might never have occurred if George the Third had not been an honest dullard.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 3, Sympathetic Magic.
Kontext: But once a fool always a fool, and the greater the power in his hands the more disastrous is likely to be the use he makes of it. The heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America, might never have occurred if George the Third had not been an honest dullard.

„The true or golden rules constitute the body of applied science which we call the arts; the false are magic.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 4, Magic and Religion.
Kontext: From the earliest times man has been engaged in a search for general rules whereby to turn the order of natural phenomena to his own advantage, and in the long search he has scraped together a great hoard of such maxims, some of them golden and some of them mere dross. The true or golden rules constitute the body of applied science which we call the arts; the false are magic.

„They too, like so much that to the common eye seems solid, may melt into air, into thin air.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 69, Farewell to Nemi
Kontext: In the ages to come man may be able to predict, perhaps even to control, the wayward courses of the winds and the clouds, but hardly will his puny hands have strength to speed afresh our slackening planet in its orbit or rekindle the dying fire of the sun. Yet the philosopher who trembles at the idea of such distant catastrophes may console himself by reflecting that these gloomy apprehensions, like the earth and the sun themselves, are only parts of that unsubstantial world which thought has conjured up out of the void, and that the phantoms which the subtle enchantress has evoked to-day she may ban to-morrow. They too, like so much that to the common eye seems solid, may melt into air, into thin air.

„Thus the killing of a god may sometimes come to be confounded with the execution of a criminal.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 57, Public Scapegoats
Kontext: For when a nation becomes civilized, if it does not drop human sacrifices altogether, it at least selects as victims only such wretches as would be put to death at any rate. Thus the killing of a god may sometimes come to be confounded with the execution of a criminal.

„For myth changes while custom remains constant;“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 49, Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals.
Kontext: For myth changes while custom remains constant; men continue to do what their did before them, though the reasons on which their fathers acted have been long forgotten. The history of religion is a long attempt to reconcile old custom with new reason, to find a sound theory for an absurd practice.

„A Nootka wizard will make an image of a swimming fish and put it into the water in the direction from which the fish generally appear.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 3, Sympathetic Magic.
Kontext: The natives of British Columbia live largely upon the fish which abound in their seas and rivers. If the fish do not come in due season, and the Indians are hungry, A Nootka wizard will make an image of a swimming fish and put it into the water in the direction from which the fish generally appear. This ceremony, accompanied by a prayer to the fish to come, will cause them to arrive at once.

„The consideration of human suffering is not one which enters into the calculations of primitive man.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 64, The Burning of Human Beings in the Fires.

„The advance of knowledge is an infinite progression towards a goal that ever recedes.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 69, Farewell to Nemi.

„Indeed the influence of music on the development of religion is a subject which would repay a sympathetic study.“

—  James Frazer, buch The Golden Bough

Quelle: The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 31, Adonis in Cyprus.

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